Natural Attenuation of Contaminants in Soils

Natural Attenuation of Contaminants in Soils

by Raymond N. Yong, Catherine N. Mulligan
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1566706173

ISBN-13: 9781566706179

Pub. Date: 12/15/2003

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Natural attenuation has become widely recognized as an effective and low-cost alternative to remediation. This book covers the natural attenuation process and its proper implementation. It thoroughly examines the theoretical processes, case studies, protocols, numerical models, and legal aspects in the natural attenuation of organic and inorganic contaminants. The

Overview

Natural attenuation has become widely recognized as an effective and low-cost alternative to remediation. This book covers the natural attenuation process and its proper implementation. It thoroughly examines the theoretical processes, case studies, protocols, numerical models, and legal aspects in the natural attenuation of organic and inorganic contaminants. The book provides information to enable evaluation of natural attenuation as a) a design tool for design and construction of land-based waste disposal, b) a management and control means for leachate plumes and for regulatory monitoring and assessment, and c) an in situ procedure for structuring remediation options.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781566706179
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
12/15/2003
Pages:
336
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.60(h) x 0.93(d)

Table of Contents

NATURAL ATTENUATION AND GROUND CONTAMINATION
Land Use
Contaminated Ground
Pollutants and Ground Contamination
Control and Management of Pollution Plumes
Natural Attenuation and Regulatory Attitudes
SOIL COMPOSITION AND TRANSMISSION
Nature of Soil
Soil Fractions, Composition and Attenuation
Clay Minerals and Soil Fractions
Physical Characteristics and Properties
Surface Properties of Soil
SOIL-WATER SYSTEMS AND INTERACTIONS
Functional Groups and Electrical Charges
Soil-Water Energy Characteristics
Chemical Reactions in Pore Water
Interactions, Exchanges and Sorption
Chemical Buffering and Partitioning
Water Movement in Soils
Movement of Solutes
PARTITIONING AND MOBILITY OF HEAVY METALS
Inorganic Contaminants
Mobility, Availability and SPR
Interactions and Assimilation of Heavy Metals
Partitioning of Heavy Metals
Preferential Sorption and Selectivity
Soil Fractions and Sorption
INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS AND SOIL-WATER SYSTEMS
Organic Chemical Contaminants
Adsorption and Bonding Mechanisms
Partitioning of Organic Chemical Pollutants
Interactions and Fate
BIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION OF CONTAMINANTS
Types of Organisms
Classification of Microorganisms
Physical and Chemical Environmental Effects on Microorganisms
Biodegradation of Organic Chemicals
Biotransformation of Metals, Non-Metals and Radionuclides
FIELD PERFORMANCE AND ASSESSMENTS
Assessment of Potential for Natural Attenuation
Assessment of Sustainability
Procedures for Monitoring
Models to Simulate Natural Attenuation
Protocols Developed for Natural Attenuation
Case Studies of Natural Attenuation
PRESENT APPLICATION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR NATURAL ATTENUATION
Mitigation of Contamination
Monitoring and Evidence of Success
Enhanced Natural Attenuation
Engineered Natural Attenuation
Observations on Future Applications
Concluding Remarks

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