A Natural History of Latin / Edition 1

A Natural History of Latin / Edition 1

by Tore Janson, Merethe Damsgaard Sorensen, Nigel Vincent
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199263094

ISBN-13: 9780199263097

Pub. Date: 07/15/2004

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Beginning in Rome around 600 BC, Latin became the language of the civilized world and remained so for more than two millennia. French, Spanish, Italian, and Romanian are among its progeny and it provides the international vocabulary of law and life science. No known language, including English - itself enriched by Latin words and phrases - has achieved such success

Overview

Beginning in Rome around 600 BC, Latin became the language of the civilized world and remained so for more than two millennia. French, Spanish, Italian, and Romanian are among its progeny and it provides the international vocabulary of law and life science. No known language, including English - itself enriched by Latin words and phrases - has achieved such success and longevity. Tore Janson tells its history from origins to present. Brilliantly conceived and written with the same light touch as his bestselling history of languages, A Natural History of Latin is a masterpiece of adroit synthesis.

The author charts the expansion of Latin in the classical world, its renewed importance in the Middle Ages, and its survival into modern times. He shows how spoken and written Latin evolved in different places and its central role in European history and culture. He ends with a concise Latin grammar and lists of Latin words and phrases still in common use.

Considered elitist and irrelevant in the second half of the twentieth century and often even banned from schools, Latin is now enjoying a huge revival of interest across Europe, the UK, and the USA. Tore Janson offers persuasive arguments for its value and gives direct access to its fascinating worlds, past and present.

About the Author:
Tore Janson was Professor successively of Latin and African Languages at the University of Goteborg

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199263097
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
07/15/2004
Pages:
316
Product dimensions:
8.60(w) x 5.70(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents


Foreword     ix
Latin and the Romans
Lingua latina: a first acquaintance     3
The earliest period of Rome     6
How Latin became Latin     9
From small town to great power     12
How bad were the Romans?     14
A voice from early Rome     17
The meeting with Greece     19
Theatre for the people     21
The age of revolutions     23
Writing, reading, listening, and speaking     26
Speeches, politics, and trials     29
Cicero and rhetoric     31
The language of history     34
Imperium romanum: Augustus and the Roman empire     37
Name and family     39
Years and months     42
Latin becomes the language of Europe     44
Poetry and poets     47
Philosophy: Lucretius, Cicero, Seneca     57
The schools and Quintilian     61
The sciences     63
Everyday language     65
Laws and legal language     70
Tacitus, the emperors, and Britain     73
Christianity: from dangerous sect to state religion     76
Latin and Europe
Europe after Rome     85
FromLatin to the Romance languages     87
Missionaries, Latin, and foreign languages     93
Latin in Britain     96
Latin in schools     100
Speaking and spelling     107
Books and scribes     115
Saints and heretics     122
The guardians of the heritage     127
Poetry after antiquity     131
Abelard and Heloise     137
The thinkers     141
The Renaissance     145
Doctors and their language     148
Linnaeus and Latin     152
Physicists, chemists, and others     156
Alchemy, witchcraft, and Harry Potter     160
Loanwords and neologisms     164
Latin and German     168
Latin and French     170
Latin and English     172
Latin and us     174
About the Grammar
Introduction     179
Pronunciation and stress     179
Sentences, verbs, and nouns     182
Words and word classes     183
Nouns     184
Adjectives     191
Pronouns     194
The forms of the verb     179
Amandi and Amanda      209
How words are formed     211
Basic Vocabulary     217
Common Phrases and Expressions     271
Suggested reading     297
Index     301

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