A Natural History Of The Hawaiian Islands

Overview

This book brings together primary source materials on major theme in Hawaiian natural history: the geological process that have built the Islands; the physical factors that influence the Islands' terrestrial ecosystems; the dynamics of the sea that support coral reefs, fish, and mollusks; the peculiarities of animals and plants that have evolved in the Islands and are found nowhere else; and the human impact on the land, plants, and animals.
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Overview

This book brings together primary source materials on major theme in Hawaiian natural history: the geological process that have built the Islands; the physical factors that influence the Islands' terrestrial ecosystems; the dynamics of the sea that support coral reefs, fish, and mollusks; the peculiarities of animals and plants that have evolved in the Islands and are found nowhere else; and the human impact on the land, plants, and animals.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
In the past 20 years there has been a revolution in our thinking about the geological history of the Pacific basin and significant changes in our ideas about the course of Darwinian evolution. This volume brings together 36 recent scholarly papers on major themes in Hawaiian natural history: the geological processes that built the islands; the physical factors that affect island ecosystems; the dynamics of the sea that support coral reefs, fish, and mollusks; the peculiarities of animals and plants found nowhere else in the world; and the human impact on plants, animals, and the land. No index. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780824816599
  • Publisher: University of Hawaii Press, The
  • Publication date: 12/31/1994
  • Pages: 536
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.08 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Sect. 1 The Hawaiian Islands and the Pacific Basin: History and Process 1
Tectonics, Geochronology, and Origin of the Hawaiian-Emperor Volcanic Chain 5
Drilling on Midway Atoll, Hawaii 41
Geology and Volcanology of the Hawaiian Islands 53
The Next Island 86
Sect. 2 The Hawaiian Environment: The Land 91
Climates of the States: Hawaii 94
Soils of Hawaii 115
Hawaiian Quaternary Paleoenvironments: A Review of Geological, Pedological, and Botanical Evidence 118
Some Aspects of Island Ecosystem Analysis 131
Vegetation Zones 145
The First Arrivals 155
Sect. 3 The Hawaiian Environment: The Sea 161
Paleoceanography of Coral Reefs in the Hawaiian-Emperor Chain 164
Long-distance Dispersal by Planktonic Larvae of Shoal-water Benthic Invertebrates among Central Pacific Islands 171
Marine Ecosystems in the Hawaiian Islands 187
Community Structure, Succession and Development of Coral Reefs in Hawaii 196
The Ecology of Conus in Hawaii 210
Sect. 4 Evolution Hawaiian Style 255
Genetical Processes of Evolution on High Oceanic Islands 259
Considerations Regarding the Evolution of Hawaiian Animals 264
Endemism in the Hawaiian Flora, and a Revision of the Hawaiian Species of Gunnera (Haloragidaceae) 271
Beggar's Ticks and Tarweeds: Masters of Adaptive Radiation 292
Hybridization and its Taxonomic Implications in the Scaevola gaudichaudiana Complex of the Hawaiian Islands 300
Speciation in the Hawaiian Drosophila 311
Extinction in Hawaiian Achatinelline Snails 320
Evolutionary Ecology and Radiation of Hawaiian Passerine Birds 335
Endemism and Evolution in Hawaiian Marine Invertebrates 346
Sect. 5 Ecosystems and Adaptive Shifts 355
The Biology of Islands 359
Origin of the Hawaiian Insect Fauna 370
The Unique Terrestrial Biota of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands 378
Life Crawls Upstream 391
Sect. 6 The Effects of Humans Past and Present 397
Hawaiian Natural History: 1778-1900 400
The Impact of the Prehistoric Polynesians on the Hawaiian Ecosystem 425
Descriptions of Thirty-two New Species of Birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes 439
Descriptions of Thirty-two New Species of Birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part II. Passeriformes 456
Summary of Vegetation Alteration in the Hawaiian Islands 467
Hawaii's Native Ecosystems: Importance, Conflicts, and Suggestions for the Future 473
Natural and Anthropogenic Disturbance on Coral Reefs 490
Patterns of Transoceanic Marine Biological Invasions in the Pacific Ocean 504
Bibliographic Data for Articles in This Volume 519
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