Natural Language Information Retrieval / Edition 1

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The last decade has been one of dramatic progress in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP). This hitherto largely academic discipline has found itself at the center of an information revolution ushered in by the Internet age, as demand for human-computer communication and information access has exploded. Emerging applications in computer-assisted information production and dissemination, automated understanding of news, understanding of spoken language, and processing of foreign languages have given impetus to research that resulted in a new generation of robust tools, systems, and commercial products.
This volume focuses on the use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) in Information Retrieval, the technology that grew out of library research to become our best hope in dealing with today's information overload. The book gives a broad overview of the work being done at the junction of these two important fields, and suggests directions for future explorations. It is organized into two loosely structured parts: The first part, consisting of Chapters 1 through 7, discusses research systems and evaluations that represent major avenues where the impact of NLP technologies in information retrieval is being explored. The second part (Chapters 8 through 14) describes specific implementations and prototypes of information systems where NLP techniques are used or proposed to assist in accurate retrieval, text categorization, question answering, and in organizing the results for the user.
Audience: This book will be a valuable reference to researchers and practitioners in the fields of Natural Language Processing, Information Retrieval, and Computational Linguistics.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792356851
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 4/30/1999
  • Series: Text, Speech and Language Technology Series , #7
  • Edition description: 1999
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 6.48 (w) x 9.72 (h) x 1.17 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface. Contributing Authors. 1. What is the Role of NLP in Text Retrieval? K.S. Jones. 2. NLP for Term Variant Extraction: Synergy Between Morphology, Lexicon, and Syntax; C. Jacquemin, E. Tzoukermann. 3. Combining Corpus Linguistics and Human Memory Models for Automatic Term Association; G. Ruge. 4. Using NLP or NLP Resources for Information Retrieval Tasks; A.F. Smeaton. 5. Evaluating Natural Language Processing Techniques in Information Retrieval; T. Strzalkowski, et al. 6. Stylistic Experiments in Information Retrieval; J. Karlgren. 7. Extraction-Based Text Categorization: Generating Domain-Specific Role Relationships Automatically; E. Riloff, J. Lorenzen. 8. LaSIE Jumps the Gate; Y. Wilks, R. Gaizauskas. 9. Phrasal Terms in Real-World IR Applications; J. Zhou. 10. Name Recognition and Retrieval Performance; P. Thompson, C. Dozier. 11. Collage: An NLP Toolset to Support Boolean Retrieval; J. Cowie. 12. Document Classification and Routing; L. Guthrie, et al. 13. Murax: Finding and Organizing Answers from Text Search; J. Kupiec. 14. The Use of Categories and Clusters for Organizing Retrieval Results; M. Hearst. Index.
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