Fragile but progressive post-conflict reconstruction has allowed for a new growth-oriented logic in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. However, the opportunities provided by economic development are not being equally distributed. A struggle exists between large-scale and local small-scale actors that is particularly prevalent in the rural environment, where the increasingly prevalent scramble for natural resources impacts heavily upon local ...
Fragile but progressive post-conflict reconstruction has allowed for a new growth-oriented logic in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. However, the opportunities provided by economic development are not being equally distributed. A struggle exists between large-scale and local small-scale actors that is particularly prevalent in the rural environment, where the increasingly prevalent scramble for natural resources impacts heavily upon local livelihoods. This is occurring both in the agricultural sector and in the mineral sector.
This book analyses the opportunities and constraints for local actors' participation in economic growth. The book first looks into the contemporary challenges with regard to land relations and local livelihoods in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi and Rwanda. It then goes on to consider the ambiguities that characterise the relationship between mining and development in the DRC.
This book is essential reading for students, researchers and policy makers working on rural development in Africa and those interested in understanding post-conflict reconstruction and the way in which local level dynamics relate to the broader political economy.
AN ANSOMS Lecturer in development studies at the Universite Catholique de Louvain (Belgium). She holds a PhD in economics and is involved in research on poverty and inequality in the Great Lakes Region. She pays particular attention to the challenges of rural development and pro-poor growth in land-scarce (post-)conflict environments.
STEFAAN MARYSSE Professor emeritus at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp (Belgium), and director of ECA (Expertise in Central Africa, Brussels). He holds a phd of the Sorbonne /Paris and is involved in research on political economy and development. He co-edited 'The Political Economy of the Great Lakes Region in Africa: The Pitfalls of Enforced Democracy and Globalization', Palgrave, 2005.
INTRODUCTION : SETTING THE STAGE : THE IMPORTANCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES FOR DEVELOPMENT IN THE GREAT LAKES REGION; S. Marysse & A.Ansoms
PART I: MINERAL RESOURCES AND LIVELIHOODS OF SMALL-SCALE ACTORS
Local actors versus global interests? Dynamics, trends and scales in the Congolese mining sector; S.Geenen 'If you control the railway , you command the wealth of a country': Chinese involvement in DRCongo; S.Marysse & S.Geenen
Constraints, opportunities and hope: which future for gold miners and traders in Kamituga, South-Kivu?; S.Geenen
Money and masculinity among artisanal miners in Katanga; J.Cuvelier The river of gold: The production and trade of gold from Mongbwalu, DRC; D.Fahey
PART II: LAND (SCARCITY) AND LIVELIHOODS OF SMALL-SCALE PEASANTS
A 'Green Revolution' for rural Rwanda: Is there a future for small-scale farming and pro-poor rural growth?; A.Ansoms
Restricted access to land and its socio-economic consequences in rural southeastern Rwanda; M.Leegwater
A land reform in Burundi Discussions in the capital, resignation in the countryside: Burundi's long-lasting debate for a land code reform; D.Kohlhagen Decentralised land management in South-Kivu, DRCongo: Reconciling custom, state and local livelihoods; I.Utshudi & A.Ansoms Land conflicts in ituri: a mortgage from the past hindering the future; J.Van Puijenbroek
Struggle for land in Kinshasa (DRC): Governance of urban agricultural space; I.Wagemakers & O.M.Diki CONCLUSION: RECONCILING GLOBALIZATION WITH SMALL-SCALERS' LIVELIHOODS IN THE GREAT LAKES REGION; A.Ansoms & S.Marysse