Natural Spa and Hydrotherapy: Theory and Practice / Edition 1

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The recent growth of the spa industry has resulted in a need for highly educated practitioners of spa and hydrotherapy treatments. Natural Spa and Hydrotherapy: Theory and Practice is designed to meet the needs of today's spa practioners. This book can be used for spa training as well as for skill enhancement for individual therapists. It will assist students of massage and bodywork as well as practitioners in spa settings and private practice who have the desire to increase their knowledge and understanding of, and competency in, natural spa and hydrotherapy.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131744714
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 1/26/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Natural Spa and Hydrotherapy: Theory and Practice

Chapter 1 History of Spa and Hydrotherapy

What is Spa?

Early History of Spa


Origins of Organized Hydrotherapy and Spas

Decline of Hydrotherapy

Christianity and Islam

Resurgence of Hydrotherapy

Innovations in Science and Medicine

Prominent Persons

Birth of Modern Spa and Hydrotherapy

Prominent Persons

Hydrotherapy and Spa Today

Types of Spas



Study Questions

Chapter 2 The Science Behind Spa and Hydrotherapy

The Connection Between Science and Spa and Hydrotherapy


Ways Water is Used in Treatments

Water of the Earth; Water of the Body

Chemistry of the Body




Ebb and Flow of Body Fluids

Blood, Interstitial Fluid, and Lymph

Body Water Gain and Loss

Body Systems

Integumentary System

Cardiovascular System

Lymphatic and Immune System

Respiratory System

Digestive System

Skeletal System

Muscular System

Nervous System

Endocrine System

Urinary System

Reproductive Systems

A Closer Look at Four Systems

Integumentary System

Cardiovascular System

Nervous System

Lymphatic and Immune System

Body Temperature Homeostasis

Metabolism of the Body


Mechanisms of Heat Transfer



Study Questions

Chapter 3 Elements of Practice

Successful Spa and Hydrotherapy Practices

Elements Common to All Spas

The Spa Experience


What It Means to Work in a Spa

Sales and Profits

Expectations of Spa Staff

Workforce Structure

Supplies and Equipment

Universal Precautions, Hygiene, and Sanitation


Helping Clients Choose the Best Treatments for Them

Questions to Ask Clients

Considerations for Package Treatments

Incorporating Spa and Hydrotherapy Treatments into a Bodywork Practice

Legal Considerations

Scope of Practice

Starting off Small: Dry Rooms

Expanding Further



Study Questions

Chapter 4 Hydrotherapy

What is Hydrotherapy?

Properties of Water

Heat Transfer

The Effects of Hydrotherapy Treatments




Four Main Variables in Hydrotherapy



Condition of the Client


Ways to Perform Treatments

Cold Therapies

Local Cold Application

Systemic Cold Application

Contraindications and Considerations for Cold Application Treatments


Treatment 4.1 Single Cold Compress


Systemic Cold Treatments

Heat Therapies

Local Heat Application

Systemic Heat Application

Contraindications and Considerations for Heat Application Treatments


Treatment 4.2 Hot Compress

Treatment 4.3 Ginger Fomentation

Treatment 4.4 Hot Foot Bath

Systemic Heat Treatments

Treatment 4.5 Heating (Cold Sheet) Wrap

Alternating or Contrast Applications

Contraindications and Considerations for Alternating or Contrast Application Treatments


Treatment 4.6 Alternating or Contrast Compress


Spa Showers

Showers and Baths in Private Practice


Spa Baths

Alternating or Contrast Full Immersion Baths

Partial Baths

Vapor Treatments

Simple Inhalation Treatment

Steam Bath


Steam Baths and Saunas in Private Practice

Other Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy Tub (Hydro Tub)

Whirlpool (Jacuzzi)

Flotation Tank or Sensory Deprivation Tank/Room

Hubbard Tank

Watsu and Aquatic Massage

Water Dance



Study Questions

Case Samples

Chapter 5 Exfoliation

What is Exfoliation?

Types of Exfoliants

A Closer Look at the Skin

Layers of the Skin

Manual Exfoliation

Lymphatic Flow and Manual Exfoliations

Treatment 5.1 Full Body Dry Brushing

Treatment 5.2 Quick-Prep Dry Brushing Manual Exfoliation Using Natural Substances Treatment 5.3 Manual Exfoliation Using Natural Substances

Chemical, Enzyme, or Dissolving Exfoliation



Study Questions

Case Samples

Chapter 6 Pelotherapy

Types of Pelotherapy


Therapeutic Properties of Muds

Types of Muds


Therapeutic Properties of Clays

Types of Clays

Fuller’s Earth


Moor Mud


Body Wraps

Treatment 6.1 Mud or Peat Body Wrap


Treatment 6.2 Mud, Peat, or Clay Mask

Moor Peat Packs

Mud or Peat Bath

Rasul Spa Treatment

Mud, Peat, and Clay Poultices

Earth Salts

Types of Earth Salts


Salt Glow

Treatment 6.3 Salt Glow Salt Bath


Paraffin Treatment

Treatment 6.4 Paraffin Applications


Geothermal Therapy

Mary D. Nelson

Benefits of Hot and Cold Stones

Treatment 6.5 Hot and Cold Stone Therapy



Study Questions

Case Samples

Chapter 7 Thalassotherapy

What is Thalassotherapy?

Early Use of Thalassotherapy

Modern Thalassotherapy

Elements of Thalassotherapy


Sea Products


Other Algae

Sea Mud

Sea salt


Body Wraps

Treatment 7.1 Seaweed or Other Algae Body Wrap

Treatment 7.2 Sea Mud Body Wrap


Treatment 7.3 Seaweed, Other Algae, or Sea Mud Mask


Salt Glow

Treatment 7.4 Sea Salt Glow


Brine Inhalation Treatment



Study Questions

Case Samples

Chapter 8 Aromatherapy and Herbs

Aromatherapy and Bodywork

History of Aromatherapy and Herbs

Plant Use by Ancient Civilizations

Aromatics from the Middles Ages to Present

Essential Oils

Essential Oil Extraction

How Essential Oils Work

Precautions for Working with Essential Oils

Purchasing Essential Oils

Storage and Shelf Life


Ten Foundational Essential Oils

Blending Essential Oils

Additional Essential Oils

Ways to use Essential Oils in a Spa or Private Practice


Light Bulb rings


Scented Candles

Scented Massage Oils, Lotions, and Crèmes


Simple Inhalation and Facial Sauna Treatments Using Essential Oils

Hot and cold compresses

Manual Exfoliations Using Natural Substances

Aromatic baths

Using Herbs in Spa and Hydrotherapy Treatments

Purchasing and Storing Herbs and Plants

Herbal Infusions

Treatment 8.1 Herbal Wrap

Treatment 8.2 Simple Inhalation and Facial Sauna Treatments Using Herbs

Herbal Baths





Study Questions

Case Samples

Appendix 1 Poultices

Appendix 2 Ayurveda

Appendix 3 Resources

Appendix 4 Answers to Multiple Choice Questions

Appendix 5 References




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