Naturalism and Symbolism in European Theatre, 1850-1918

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This,the fourth volume to be published in the series Theatre in Europe: a documentary history, charts the development of theatrical presentation at a time of great cultural and political upheaval. With few exceptions, the documents from France, Germany, Russia, Scandinavia, Italy and Spain are unavailable to an English-reading public and many are out of print (or unpublished) in their original language. The volume contains numerous illustrations, the source location for each document and substantial bibliography.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of documents
General editors' preface
Editor's preface
General introduction 1
France, 1851-1919
I The business of theatre 23
II Censorship 47
III Spectacular theatre 55
IV Naturalism and the Theatre Libre 68
V The symbolist reaction 87
VI Popular theatre 97
VII The uncertain future 105
Germany, 1850-1916
I General situation of the theatre in German-speaking countries, 1850-1914 115
II Naturalism 146
III Alternatives to naturalism 161
IV Two prescriptions for expressionist acting 188
Russia, 1848-1916
I Mikhail Shchepkin's advice to actors, 1848-1854 195
II The Meininger in Russia, 1885 and 1890 198
III Acting and staging before 1898 201
IV The Moscow Art Theatre, 1898-1905 208
V Symbolism and the 'Crisis in the Theatre', 1902-1908 227
VI Kommissarzhevskaya and Meyerhold, 1905-1907 235
VII New directions for the Moscow Art Theatre, 1909-1917 240
VIII Innovation and experimentation, 1907-1917 246
Scandinavia, 1849-1912
I The development of a national theatre in Norway 261
II Directing plays in Denmark and Norway after 1850 271
III Royal theatres become national 285
IV Old and new traditions of acting 294
V Strindberg discusses realism and naturalism, 1882 and 1889 297
VI Correspondence between Strindberg and Zola, 1887 302
VII Strindberg tries to found an experimental theatre in Copenhagen, 1888 305
VIII Naturalism and beyond: Strindberg on The Father, 1887 and 1908 307
IX The Intimate Theatre and its actors, 1907-1910 311
X Strindberg on the staging of To Damascus and A Dream Play 316
England, 1850-1914
I Theatre buildings and theatre organization 323
II Audiences 336
III Finances 352
IV Regulations 362
V Professions and trades 374
VI Equipment 386
VII Mise en scene 390
VIII Repertoires 410
Italy, 1868-1919
I The condition of the Italian theatre in the late nineteenth century 417
II The realism of the Italian international acting 'stars' 431
III Verismo 443
IV The theatre of Gabriele D'Annunzio 452
V The teatri stabili and reform 461
VI The futurist theatre movement 469
Iberian Peninsula, 1884-1913
I Naturalism in Iberia: ma non troppo 482
II The late arrival of symbolism in the Iberian theatre 488
III The Catalan dimension 491
Select bibliography 495
General index 517
Index of main theatres cited 529
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