Nature and Ideology: Nature and Garden Design in the Twentieth Century

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This volume explores the broad range of ideas about nature reflected in twentieth-century concepts of natural gardens and their ideological implications. The desire to produce a natural garden design has fascinated many professional and lay designers, and the various contributions in this volume investigate their use of earlier ideas of natural gardens and their relationship to the immensely rich model that nature offers. The work of early twentieth-century natural garden advocates is discussed in regard to its relevance to contemporary design approaches. These ideas of natural garden design helped shape much of twentieth-century landscape architecture in both the United States and Europe, and the ideologies underlying various concepts of natural gardens show how political, economic, and social developments influenced design programs and decisions.
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Editorial Reviews

This volume explores the broad range of ideas about nature reflected in 20th- century concepts of natural gardens, suggesting the various ways in which "nature" is an ideologically defined concept. The 11 contributions range from an evolutionary perspective on the concept of native plants by Stephen Jay Gould to a piece on nationalism and Teutonic trends in early 20th century landscape design. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn is Professor at Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany.
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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
An Evolutionary Perspective on Strengths, Fallacies, and Confusions in the Concept of Native Plants 11
Nature and Ideology in Western Descriptions of the Chinese Garden 21
Rousseau, Goethe, Humboldt: Their Influence on Later Advocates of the Nature Garden 35
Emerson's Aesthetic and Natural Design: A Theoretical Foundation for the Work of Horace William Shaler Cleveland 59
Re-presenting Nature: Ideology, Art, and Science in William Robinson's "Wild Garden" 81
Warren H. Manning: Pragmatist in the Wild Garden 113
Wild Gardening and the Popular American Magazine, 1890-1918 131
Jacobus P. Thijsse's Influence on Dutch Landscape Architecture 155
The Nationalization of Nature and the Naturalization of the German Nation: "Teutonic" Trends in Early Twentieth-Century Landscape Design 187
Ideological Aspects of Nature Garden Concepts in Late Twentieth-Century Germany 221
The Authority of Nature: Conflict and Confusion in Landscape Architecture 249
Contributors 263
Index 267
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