Nature Knowledge: Ethnoscience, Cognition, and Utility

Nature Knowledge: Ethnoscience, Cognition, and Utility

by Glauco Sanga
     
 

ISBN-10: 1571818227

ISBN-13: 9781571818225

Pub. Date: 05/28/2003

Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated

Numerous scholars, in particular anthropologists, historians, economists, linguists, and biologists, have, over the last few years, studied forms of knowledge and use of nature, and of the ways nature can be protected and conserved. Some of the most prominent scholars have come together in this volume to reflect on what has been achieved so far, to compare the

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Overview

Numerous scholars, in particular anthropologists, historians, economists, linguists, and biologists, have, over the last few years, studied forms of knowledge and use of nature, and of the ways nature can be protected and conserved. Some of the most prominent scholars have come together in this volume to reflect on what has been achieved so far, to compare the work carried out in the past, to discuss the problems that have emerged from different research projects, and to map out the way forward.

Glauco Sanga teaches at the Ca'Foscari University, Venice; Gherardo Ortalli is the Academic Director of the Istituto Veneto.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781571818225
Publisher:
Berghahn Books, Incorporated
Publication date:
05/28/2003
Pages:
484
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Pt. IClassification
Recognition and classification of natural kinds23
1How a folk botanical system can be both natural and comprehensive : one Maya Indian's view of the plant world38
2Arbitrariness and necessity in ethnobiological classification : notes on some persisting issues47
3Tackling Aristotelian ethnozoology57
4Current and historical problems in classification : levels and associated themes, from the linguistic point of view68
Discussion95
Pt. IINaming
The ways of naming nature and through nature105
5The role of motivation ("iconymy)" in naming : six responses to a list of questions108
6Tapir and squirrel : further nomenclatural meanderings toward a universal sound-symbolic bestiary119
7Jivaro streams : from named places to placed names128
8What is lost when names are forgotten?161
9Examples of metaphors from fauna and flora185
10Lexicalization of natural objects in Palawan191
11Levels and mechanisms of naming201
Discussion221
Pt. IIIThought
The symbolic uses of nature229
12Thought of nature and cosmology231
13Symbolic anthropology and ethnoscience : two paradigms239
14Doing, thinking, saying243
15Thought, knowledge, and universals249
16Bodily humors in the scholarly tradition of Hindu and Galenic medicine as an example of naive theory and implicate universals262
Discussion272
Pt. IVUse
How have we come to use nature, from a practical point-of-view?283
17Indigenous knowledge : subordination and localism287
18Indigenous environmental knowledge, the history of science, and the discourse of development297
19Two reflections on ecological knowledge301
20Indigenous knowledge and cognitive power312
21The role of indigenous knowledge systems in facilitating sustainable approaches to development317
Discussion331
Pt. VConservation
What does it mean to conserve nature?339
22Random conservation and deliberate diffusion of botanical species : some evidence out of the modern European agricultural past354
23Diversity, protection, and conservation : local agricultural products and foodstuffs366
24Cultural research on the origin and maintenance of agricultural diversity379
25Activation practices, history of environmental resources, and conservation386
26Forms of knowledge in the conservation of natural resources : from the Middle Ages to the Venetian "tribe"391
Discussion399

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