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Developing countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are increasingly influenced by human-induced environmental changes. It is crucial that sustainable development be based on insights into these expanding processes—conservation as well as deterioration. Nature’s Geography offers a new perspective on the geographical nature of these changes. The book reveals how human-environment relations must be understood at multiple scales and time frames.
Editors Karl S. Zimmerer and Kenneth R. Young have forged an exciting group of case studies from distinguished geographers focusing on high mountains, tropical forests, and lowlands, as well as humid and arid-semiarid landscapes. Each chapter analyzes the implications for meshing environmental protection and sound resource use with development.
The case studies evaluate three topics: spatial habitat fragmentation and forest dynamics; disturbances in mountain ecosystems; and the major activities of settled areas, chiefly farming, livestock-raising, and forestry. Included are analyses of interactions involving wildlife, such as primates and wild pandas; assessment of fire impacts and road-building; long-term forest management as well as recent techniques; and the role of environmental variation and ecosystem properties in agriculture and rangeland.
Nature’s Geography demonstrates the vital importance of advancing a new approach to geography. This definitive study of landscape change and environmental dynamics will have wide appeal for those interested in geography, ecology, environmental studies, conservation biology, and development studies.
|Introduction: The Geographical Nature of Landscape Change||3|
|Pt. 1||The Conservation Challenges of Forest Loss and Fragmentation||35|
|1||Landscape Change and Resource Conservation along the Tana River, Kenya||39|
|2||Forest Landscape Dynamics and Panda Conservation in Southwestern China||56|
|3||Deforestation in Landscapes with Humid Forests in the Central Andes: Patterns and Processes||75|
|4||Monitoring Forests in the Andes Using Remote Sensing: An Example from Southern Ecuador||100|
|Pt. 2||The Conservation Challenges of Disturbances in High Mountains||121|
|5||Fire Management and Natural Landscapes in the Chirripo Paramo, Chirripo National Park, Costa Rica||125|
|6||Human Impact on the High Paramo Landscape of the Venezuelan Andes||147|
|7||Grazing the Forest, Shaping the Landscape? Continuing the Debate about Forest Dynamics in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal||184|
|Pt. 3||Land Use in Settled Areas and the Prospects for Conservation-with-Development||209|
|8||Biogeography of Land-Use Impacts in the Near East||215|
|9||The Interaction of Grazing History with Rainfall and Its Influence on Annual Rangeland Dynamics in the Sahel||237|
|10||Disturbances and Diverse Crops in the Farm Landscapes of Highland South America||262|
|11||The Ecology, Use, and Conservation of Temperate and Subalpine Forest Landscapes of West Central Nepal||287|
|12||Ethnobotanical Knowledge and Environmental Risk: Foragers and Farmers in Northern Borneo||307|
|Conclusion: Biological Conservation in Developing Countries||327|