Nature's Government

Overview

'Nature's Government' is a daring attempt to juxtapose the histories of Britain, western science, and imperialism. It shows how colonial expansion, from the age of Alexander the Great to the twentieth century, led to complex kinds of knowledge. Science, and botany in particular, was fed by information culled from the exploration of the globe. At the same time science was useful to imperialism: it guided the exploitation of exotic environments and made conquest seem necessary, legitimate, and beneficial.

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Overview

'Nature's Government' is a daring attempt to juxtapose the histories of Britain, western science, and imperialism. It shows how colonial expansion, from the age of Alexander the Great to the twentieth century, led to complex kinds of knowledge. Science, and botany in particular, was fed by information culled from the exploration of the globe. At the same time science was useful to imperialism: it guided the exploitation of exotic environments and made conquest seem necessary, legitimate, and beneficial.

Drayton traces the history of this idea of 'improvement' from its Christian agrarian origins in the sixteenth century to its inclusion in theories of enlightened despotism. It was as providers of legitimacy, as much as of universal knowledge, aesthetic perfection, and agricultural plenty, he argues, that botanic gardens became instruments of government, first in Continental Europe, and by the late eighteenth century, in Britain and the British Empire.

At the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, the rise of which throughout the nineteenth century is a central theme of this book, a pioneering scientific institution was added to a spectacular ornamental garden. At Kew, 'improving' the world became a potent argument for both the patronage of science at home and Britain's prerogatives abroad. 'Nature's Government' provides a portrait of how the ambitions of the Enlightenment shaped the great age of British power, and how empire changed the British experience and the modern world.

Richard Drayton was born in the Caribbean and educated at Harvard, Oxford, and Yale. A former Fellow of St. Catharine's College, Cambridge, and Lincoln College, Oxford, he has also been Associate Professor of History at the University of Virginia.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780300059762
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Publication date: 8/28/2000
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 380
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface
Pt. I Adam out of Eden 1
1 The World in a Garden 3
2 Plants and Power 26
3 The Useful Garden: Agriculture and the Science of Government 50
Pt. II Nature and Empire 83
4 'Improving' the British Empire: Sir Joseph Banks and Kew, 1783-1820 85
5 From Royal to Public: The 'Reform' of Kew, 1820-41 129
6 The Professionals and the Empire: The Hookers at Kew, 1841-73 170
7 The Government of Nature: Imperial Science and a Scientific Empire, 1873-1903 221
Epilogue: At the Crossroads 269
Notes 275
Index 327
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