Navaho / Edition 2by Clyde Kluckhohn, Dorothea Leighton
Pub. Date: 01/01/1992
Publisher: Harvard University Press
What are the Navaho today? How do they live together and with other races? What is their philosophy of life? Both the general reader and the student will look to this authoritative study for the answers to such questions. The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. They show the people's problems… See more details below
What are the Navaho today? How do they live together and with other races? What is their philosophy of life? Both the general reader and the student will look to this authoritative study for the answers to such questions. The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. They show the people's problems in coping with their physical environment; their social life among their own people; their contacts with whites and other Indians and especially with the Government; their economy; their religious beliefs and practices; their language and the problems this raises in their education and their relationships to whites; and their explicit and implicit philosophy.
This book presents not only a study of Navaho life, however: it is an impartial discussion of an interesting experiment in Government administration of a dependent people, a discussion which is significant for contemporary problems of a wider scope; colonial questions; the whole issue of the contact of different races and peoples. It will appeal to every one interested in the Indians, in the Southwest, in anthropology, in sociology, and to many general readers.
This work forms the most thorough-going study ever made of the Navaho Indians, and perhaps of any Indian group. The book was written as a part of the Indian Education Research project undertaken jointly by the Committee on Human Development of the University of Chicago and the United States Office of Indian Affairs. The cooperation of a psychiatrist and anthropologist both in the research for, and in the writing of, this study is noteworthy--as is the fusion of methods and points of view derived from medicine, psychology, and anthropology. Probably no anthropological study has ever been based upon so many years of field work by so many different persons.
Table of Contents
Preface: Indian Education Research Project
Introduction: "The People" and this Study
1. THE PAST OF THE PEOPLE
Before the Dawn of History
The Spanish-Mexican Period [1626-1846]
The American Period [1846- ]
2. LAND AND LIVELIHOOD
The Land is Crowded
Sources of Navaho Livelihood
Livestock, Agriculture, Wild Plants and Animals, Lumber and Minerals, Arts and Crafts, Wage Work, Relief, Average Income.
Weaving and Silver Work, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Transportation.
Regional Variations in Economy and Technology
The Role of the Government in the Navaho Economy
Soil Conservation and Stock Improvement, Tribal Enterprises, Other Economic Services.
Distribution of the Goods
The Trading Post.
The Future of the Navaho Economy
3. LIVING TOGETHER
What the People Look Like
The World of the Hogans
"A Room of One's Own," Sleeping and Eating, Cleanliness, Division of Labor, Recreation, Navaho Humor.
Personal Relations in the World of the Hogans
The Biological Family, The Extended Family, Dealing with Kinfolk, Ownership and Inheritance.
Relatives Beyond the Hogan Group
The "Outfit," The Clan, Linked Clans.
The Wider Circle of Personal Relations
Names and Naming, The "Local Group" or "Community," Leadership and Authority, The People as a Tribe.
4. THE PEOPLE AND THE WORLD AROUND THEM
Divisions Among Whites as seen by the People
Traders to the People
The Word of an Alien God
The People and the Government: The Navajo Agency
The Administrative Setup, Education for Navahos, Medical Services and Navaho Health, Law and Order.
The People Participate in Government
The Navajo Council, Tribal Courts.
The Government and the People: Present Problems
Navahos Working in the White World
Between Two Worlds
Navaho Attitudes Toward Whites
5. THE SUPERNATURAL: POWER AND DANGER
Beings and Powers
The Navaho Theory of Disease
Folk Tales and Myths
Folk Tales, Origin Myth, Rite Myths, Myths and Tales in Daily Life, The Family in Myth and Folklore.
6. THE SUPERNATURAL: THINGS TO DO AND NOT TO DO
Thou Shalt Not
Rites of Passage
Finding Things Out
The Way of Good Hope
Navaho Ceremonial Music
7. THE MEANING OF THE SUPERNATURAL
Economic and Social Aspects of Ceremonials
The Cost in Time, The Cost in Money, Cooperation and Reciprocity, Social Functions: the "Squaw Dance" as an Example.
What Myths and Rites Do For The Individual
Prestige and Personal Expression, Curing, Security.
What Myths and Rites Do For The Group
The Gain and Cost of Witchcraft
Anxiety, Aggression, Social Control.
8. THE TONGUE OF THE PEOPLE
A Quick Glance at Navaho Grammar
Nonverbal Parts of Speech, Navaho Verbs.
By Their Speech Shall Ye Know Them
Why Bother About the Language?
Establishing Good Relations, Dealing with Interpreters, Getting the Navaho Viewpoint.
9. THE NAVAHO WAY OF LIFE
Some Premises of Navaho Life and Thought
Seeing Things the Navaho Way
Notes and References
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