Navaho / Edition 2

Navaho / Edition 2

by Clyde Kluckhohn, Dorothea Leighton
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674606035

ISBN-13: 9780674606036

Pub. Date: 01/01/1992

Publisher: Harvard University Press

What are the Navaho today? How do they live together and with other races? What is their philosophy of life? Both the general reader and the student will look to this authoritative study for the answers to such questions. The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. They show the people's problems

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Overview

What are the Navaho today? How do they live together and with other races? What is their philosophy of life? Both the general reader and the student will look to this authoritative study for the answers to such questions. The authors review Navaho history from archaeological times to the present, and then present Navaho life today. They show the people's problems in coping with their physical environment; their social life among their own people; their contacts with whites and other Indians and especially with the Government; their economy; their religious beliefs and practices; their language and the problems this raises in their education and their relationships to whites; and their explicit and implicit philosophy.

This book presents not only a study of Navaho life, however: it is an impartial discussion of an interesting experiment in Government administration of a dependent people, a discussion which is significant for contemporary problems of a wider scope; colonial questions; the whole issue of the contact of different races and peoples. It will appeal to every one interested in the Indians, in the Southwest, in anthropology, in sociology, and to many general readers.

This work forms the most thorough-going study ever made of the Navaho Indians, and perhaps of any Indian group. The book was written as a part of the Indian Education Research project undertaken jointly by the Committee on Human Development of the University of Chicago and the United States Office of Indian Affairs. The cooperation of a psychiatrist and anthropologist both in the research for, and in the writing of, this study is noteworthy--as is the fusion of methods and points of view derived from medicine, psychology, and anthropology. Probably no anthropological study has ever been based upon so many years of field work by so many different persons.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674606036
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
01/01/1992
Series:
Harvard Paperbacks Series
Edition description:
Revised
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface: Indian Education Research Project

Introduction: "The People" and this Study

1. THE PAST OF THE PEOPLE

Before the Dawn of History

The Spanish-Mexican Period [1626-1846]

The American Period [1846- ]

2. LAND AND LIVELIHOOD

The Land is Crowded

Sources of Navaho Livelihood

Livestock, Agriculture, Wild Plants and Animals, Lumber and Minerals, Arts and Crafts, Wage Work, Relief, Average Income.

Navaho Technology

Weaving and Silver Work, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Transportation.

Regional Variations in Economy and Technology

The Role of the Government in the Navaho Economy

Soil Conservation and Stock Improvement, Tribal Enterprises, Other Economic Services.

Distribution of the Goods

The Trading Post.

The Future of the Navaho Economy

3. LIVING TOGETHER

What the People Look Like

Physique, Clothing.

The World of the Hogans

"A Room of One's Own," Sleeping and Eating, Cleanliness, Division of Labor, Recreation, Navaho Humor.

Personal Relations in the World of the Hogans

The Biological Family, The Extended Family, Dealing with Kinfolk, Ownership and Inheritance.

Relatives Beyond the Hogan Group

The "Outfit," The Clan, Linked Clans.

The Wider Circle of Personal Relations

Names and Naming, The "Local Group" or "Community," Leadership and Authority, The People as a Tribe.

4. THE PEOPLE AND THE WORLD AROUND THEM

Other Indians

Divisions Among Whites as seen by the People

Traders to the People

The Word of an Alien God

The People and the Government: The Navajo Agency

The Administrative Setup, Education for Navahos, Medical Services and Navaho Health, Law and Order.

The People Participate in Government

The Navajo Council, Tribal Courts.

The Government and the People: Present Problems

Navahos Working in the White World

Between Two Worlds

Navaho Attitudes Toward Whites

5. THE SUPERNATURAL: POWER AND DANGER

Beings and Powers

Ghosts

Witches

The Navaho Theory of Disease

Folk Tales and Myths

Folk Tales, Origin Myth, Rite Myths, Myths and Tales in Daily Life, The Family in Myth and Folklore.

6. THE SUPERNATURAL: THINGS TO DO AND NOT TO DO

Thou Shalt Not

Thou Shalt

Rites of Passage

Birth, Initiation.

Finding Things Out

The Way of Good Hope

Drypaintings

Navaho Ceremonial Music

Curing Chants

Other Rites

7. THE MEANING OF THE SUPERNATURAL

Economic and Social Aspects of Ceremonials

The Cost in Time, The Cost in Money, Cooperation and Reciprocity, Social Functions: the "Squaw Dance" as an Example.

What Myths and Rites Do For The Individual

Prestige and Personal Expression, Curing, Security.

What Myths and Rites Do For The Group

The Gain and Cost of Witchcraft

Anxiety, Aggression, Social Control.

8. THE TONGUE OF THE PEOPLE

Navaho Sounds

Navaho Words

A Quick Glance at Navaho Grammar

Nonverbal Parts of Speech, Navaho Verbs.

By Their Speech Shall Ye Know Them

Why Bother About the Language?

Establishing Good Relations, Dealing with Interpreters, Getting the Navaho Viewpoint.

9. THE NAVAHO WAY OF LIFE

Navaho "Ethics"

Navaho "Values"

Some Premises of Navaho Life and Thought

Seeing Things the Navaho Way

Acknowledgements

Notes and References

Bibliography

Index

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