Navigating English Grammar: A Guide to Analyzing Real Language

Overview

An engaging and fresh take on the rules and politics of English grammar, written in lively prose. It goes a step further than most books on grammar by providing an overview of the field, with a discussion of historical and current debates about grammar, and how we define, discuss, and approach it.

  • Presents a novel, inquiry-based approach to understanding speakers' unconscious knowledge of English grammar
  • ...
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Navigating English Grammar: A Guide to Analyzing Real Language

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Overview

An engaging and fresh take on the rules and politics of English grammar, written in lively prose. It goes a step further than most books on grammar by providing an overview of the field, with a discussion of historical and current debates about grammar, and how we define, discuss, and approach it.

  • Presents a novel, inquiry-based approach to understanding speakers' unconscious knowledge of English grammar
  • Makes lucid connections, when relevant, with current linguistic theory
  • Integrates language change and variation into the study of grammar
  • Examines historical sources of socially evaluative perceptions of grammar, as 'good' or 'bad', and notions of language authority
  • Provides syntactic explanations for many modern punctuation rules
  • Explores some of the current controversies about grammar teaching in school and the role of Standard English in testing and assessment
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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"Navigating English Grammar is a superb introduction to English grammar and grammatical analysis. Lobeck and Denham guide readers through the essentials of English with vivid, up-to-date usage examples and just the right amount of clearly explained linguistic theory." Edwin Battistella, Southern Oregon University

“Lobeck and Denham make a plausible Socrates, prodding their interlocutors into discovering their own, internal language system. Readers learn much about scientific methods, honed by years working in schools and understanding adolescent minds, and are liberated from foolish social judgments about people's language.” – David Lightfoot, Georgetown University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405159937
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 9/30/2013
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 298
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Anne Lobeck is Professor of English and Linguistics at Western Washington University. She is author of Ellipsis: Functional Heads, Licensing and Identification (1995) and Discovering Grammar: An Introduction to English Sentence Structure (2000), and is coeditor and co-author (with Kristin Denham) of several books, including Linguistics at School: Language Awareness in Primary and Secondary Education (2010).

Kristin Denham is Professor of English and Linguistics at Western Washington University. She is coeditor (with Anne Lobeck) of two volumes, including Language in the Schools: Integrating Linguistic Knowledge into K-12 Teaching (2005) and co-author (with Anne Lobeck) of Linguistics for Everyone: An Introduction (2010).

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – What is Grammar and How Do We Study It?

  1. Introduction
  2. What is English? Language Change and Variation
  3. What is Grammar? Prescriptive and Descriptive Grammar

3.1 Origins of Prescriptive Grammar

  1. The Components of Grammar

4.1 Syntax

4.2 Morphology

4.3 Semantics

4.4 Phonetics and Phonology

  1. The Scientific Study of Language
  2. Exercises

Chapter 2 – Nouns

  1. Introduction
  2. Semantic Features of Nouns

2.1 Abstract and Concrete

2.2 Common and Proper

2.3 Count and Mass

2.3.1 Collective Nouns

2.3.2 Generic Nouns

  1. Noun Morphology

3.1 Inflectional Affixation

3.1.1 Plurals

3.1.2 Possessives

3.2 Derivational Affixation

3.3 Other Ways We Form Nouns

  1. Summary
  2. Exercises

Chapter 3 – Noun Phrases

  1. Introduction
  2. Categories That Precede Nouns

2.1 Determiners

2.1.1 Noun Phrases Without Determiners

2.2 Numerals

2.3 Quantifiers

2.4 Order of D, NUM and Q

  1. Partitive, Measure, and Collective Noun Phrases
  2. Possessive Noun Phrases

4.1 NP or N: Pronoun Substitution

  1. Modifiers of Nouns

5.1 Adjectives that Modify Nouns

5.2 Nouns that Modify Nouns

5.3 Verbs that Modify Nouns

  1. Summary
  2. Exercises

Chapter 4 – Verbs

  1. Introduction
  2. Main Verbs
  3. Main Verb Morphology

3.1 Derivational Affixation and Other Ways We Form Verbs

3.2 Inflectional Affixation

3.2.1 Infinitives

3.2.2 Present Tense

3.2.3 Past Tense

3.2.3.1 Past Tense Variation

3.2.4 Present and Past Participles

3.2.4.1 Past Participle Variation

3.3 Suppletion

  1. Summary
  2. Exercises

Chapter 5 – Verb Phrases

  1. Introduction
  2. Auxiliary Verb

2.1 Morphology of Have and Be

2.1.1 Auxiliary Have

2.1.1.1 Main Verb Have

2.1.2 Auxiliary Be

2.1.2.1 Main Verb Be

2.2 Verb Strings with Auxiliary Have and Be

  1. Modals

3.1 Modal Meaning

3.2 Modal Morphology and Tense

3.2.1 Semi-Modals

3.2.2 Future Tense

3.3 Verb Strings with Auxiliaries and Modals

  1. Aspect

4.1 Progressive Aspect

4.2 Perfect Aspect

4.3 Combining Aspectual Forms

4.4 Habitual Aspect

  1. Voice

5.1 Direct Objects and Transivity

5.1.1 Thematic Roles

5.2 Passive Voice

5.2.1 The Passive Verb String

5.2.2 Passive in Writing

  1. Summary
  2. Exercises

Chapter 6 – The Clause

  1. Introduction
  2. Clause Structure and the TENSE Position
  3. Subject-Auxiliary Inversion
  4. Auxiliary Do

4.1 Do-Insertion

  1. Subjects

5.1 Non-Agentive Subjects

5.2 Subjects of Passive Sentences

5.3 Pleonastic Subjects

  1. Tag Question Formation
  2. Negation
  3. A Final Puzzle: Main Verb Be
  4. Summary

10. Exercises

Chapter 7 – Adjectives

  1. Introduction
  2. Adjective Semantics
  3. Adjective Morphology

3.1 Derivational Affixation and Other Ways We Form Adjectives

3.2 Participial Adjectives

3.3 Inflectional Affixation: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

  1. Adjective Syntax

4.1 Modifiers of Adjectives

4.1.1 The Degree Word Test for Adjectives

4.2 Prenominal and Postnominal Adjective Phrases

4.2.1 Some Interesting Exceptions

4.3 Adjective Phrase Subjective Complements

4.3.1 Other Subjective Complements: NP and PP

4.3.2 Direct Objects versus Subjective Complements

4.3.2.1 The Seem-Test for Adjectives

4.3.3 Restrictions on AP Complements

  1. Summary
  2. Exercises

Chapter 8 – Adverbs

1. Introduction

2. Adverb Semantics

3. Adverb Morphology

3.1 Derivational Affixation and Other Ways We Form Adverbs

3.1.1 Flat Adverbs

3.2 Inflectional Affixation

4. Adverb Syntax

4.1 Modifiers of Adverbs

4.2 Adverb Phrase Positions

4.2.1 Adverb Phrase Modifiers

4.2.2 Adverb Phrase Complements

5. More on Modifiers

6. Summary

7. Exercises

Chapter 9 – Prepositions and Particles

  1. Introduction
  2. Preposition Semantics
  3. Preposition Morphology
  4. Preposition Syntax

4.1 Complements of Prepositions

4.1.1 Objects of Prepositions

4.1.2 Other Complements of Prepositions

4.1.3 Modifiers of Prepositions

4.2 Grammatical Functions of Prepositional Phrases

4.2.1 PP Modifiers of Nouns

4.2.2 PP Modifiers of Verbs and Clauses

4.2.3 PPs as Complements

4.2.4 Indirect Object Complements

  1. Particles

5.1 Semantics of Particles

5.2 Syntax of Particles

  1. Summary
  2. Exercises

Chapter 10 – Independent, Coordinate, and Subordinate Clauses

  1. Introduction
  2. Independent Clauses

2.1 Coordination

2.2 Subordination

2.3 Clauses and Sentences

  1. Subordinate Clause Types

3.1 A Brief but Important Aside: Sentence Fragments

3.2 Tensed Clause Complements

3.3 Bare Infinitival Clause Complements

3.4 To-infinitive Clause Complements

3.5 Participial Clause Complements

3.6 ­Wh-Clause Complements

3.6.1 Wh-Movement

3.7 Complementizers

  1. Clausal Subjects
  2. Summary
  3. Exercises

Chapter 11: More on Complementation and Modification

  1. Introduction
  2. Complementation and Modification: A Brief Review

2.1 Review of Complements

2.1.1 Complements of Verbs

2.1.2 Complements of Adjectives

2.1.3 Complements of Prepositions

2.2 Review of Modifiers

2.2.1 Modifiers of Nouns

2.2.2 Modifiers of Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositions

2.2.3 Modifiers of Verbs

  1. Movable Modifiers

3.1 Movable PP Modifiers

3.2 Movable NP Modifiers

3.3 Movable AP Modifiers

3.4 Movable VP Modifiers

3.5 Movable Clause Modifiers

3.6 Diagramming Movable Modifiers

3.7 Final Notes on Movable Modifiers

  1. Clauses that Modify Nouns: Relative Clauses

4.1 Relative Clauses and Wh-Movement

4.2 Tensed and Infinitival Relative Clauses

4.3 Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses

4.4 Headless Relative Clauses

  1. Appositive NPs
  2. Summary
  3. Exercises

Epilogue: Navigating Real Language

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