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NCLEX-RN Exam Prep / Edition 3
     

NCLEX-RN Exam Prep / Edition 3

by Wilda Rinehart, Diann Sloan, Clara Hurd
 

See All Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0789751062

ISBN-13: 9780789751065

Pub. Date: 01/02/2014

Publisher: Pearson IT Certification

COMPREHENSIVE Succeed with comprehensive learning and practice tests

  • Master the NCLEX-RN® exam materials in all tested subject areas
  • Prepare with four comprehensive practice tests
  • Analyze your test readiness and areas for further study with topic-focused chapter tests
  • CD-ROM—based practice exam includes an

Overview

COMPREHENSIVE Succeed with comprehensive learning and practice tests

  • Master the NCLEX-RN® exam materials in all tested subject areas
  • Prepare with four comprehensive practice tests
  • Analyze your test readiness and areas for further study with topic-focused chapter tests
  • CD-ROM—based practice exam includes an interactive Computer Adaptive Test (CAT) engine for a meaningful exam experience with approximately 400 questions
  • Learn important test-taking strategies to maximize your score and diminish your anxiety

Score Higher on the NCLEX®-RN Exam!

We provide you with the proven study tools and expert insight that will help you score higher on your exam.

  • Study Tips like the advice and instruction that a personal tutor might provide.
  • Notes, Tips, and Cautions provide you with hints and strategies that will help you reduce your mistakes on the exam.
  • Comprehensive discussion of all subject areas covered on RN Exam.
  • Practice Questions that include detailed explanations of correct and incorrect answers–so you can learn the material from your success and mistakes.

Rinehart and Associates is a leading provider of classroom training for students studying for the NCLEX® RN Exam.

CD Features Nearly 400 Questions!

The CD-ROM—based practice exam includes an interactive Computer Adaptive Test (CAT) engine for a meaningful exam experience with approximately 400 questions.

Live and Learn

Educating 100 million people worldwide, Pearson Education is the global leader in integrated education publishing.

Our renowned brands include:
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Pearson Education provides quality content, assessment tools, and educational services in all available media, spanning the learning curve from birth through college and beyond.

CATEGORY: Medicine/Nursing COVERS: Nursing USER LEVEL: Intermediate

NCLEX-RN® and NCLEX-PN® are registered trademarks of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. (NCSBN), which does not sponsor or endorse this product.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780789751065
Publisher:
Pearson IT Certification
Publication date:
01/02/2014
Series:
Exam Prep Series
Pages:
1008
Sales rank:
703,898
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Organization 2

Instructional Features 2

Extensive Practice Test Options 3

Final Review 3

Other Valuable Tools 3

About the NCLEX Exam 4

Advice for Preparing for the Exam 6

Advice for Test Day

Hints for Using This Book 7

Contact the Author 7

Study and Exam Preparation Tips 9

Study Tips 9

Exam Prep Tips 10

Read the Question Carefully 10

Look for Keywords 11

Watch for Specific Details 11

Eliminate Options That Are Clearly Wrong or Incorrect 11

Look for Similar Options 11

Look for Opposite Answers 12

Part I: Exam Preparation

Chapter 1: Pharmacology 15

Three Areas of Pharmacology 15

How Nurses Work with Pharmacology 16

Time-released Drugs 17

Administering Medications 18

The Seven Rights of Administering Medication 18

Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs 19

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors 19

Beta Adrenergic Blockers 20

Anti-Infectives (Aminoglycosides) 21

Benzodiazepines (Anticonvulsants/Antianxiety) 23

Phenothiazines (Antipsychotic/Antiemetic) 24

Glucocorticoids 25

Antivirals 27

Cholesterol-Lowering Agents 28

Angiotensin Receptor Blockers 29

Histamine 2 Antagonists 30

Proton Pump Inhibitors 31

Anticoagulants 32

More Drug Identification Helpers 33

Herbals 34

Drug Schedules 35

Pregnancy Categories for Drugs 35

Key Concepts 36

Key Terms 36

Apply Your Knowledge 37

Answer Rationales 39

Chapter 2: Fluid and Electrolyte and Acid/Base Balance 41

Total Body Water Calculation 41

Management of the Client with Imbalances in Fluid and Electrolytes 43

Types of Intravenous Fluids 43

How the Body Regulates Electrolytes 44

How the Body Regulates pH 52

Key Concepts 60

Key Terms 60

Diagnostic Tests 60

Pharmacological Agents Used in the Treatment of Clients with Alterations in Fluids and Electrolytes 60

Apply Your Knowledge 61

Exam Questions 62

Answers to Exam Questions 64

Suggested Reading and Resources 65

Chapter 3: Care of the Client with Cardiovascular Disorders 67

Hypertension 68

Diagnosing the Client with Hypertension 69

Managing the Client with Hypertension 69

Coronary Artery Disease 71

Atherosclerosis and Arteriosclerosis 71

Conduction System of the Heart 72

Heart Block 73

Cardiac Monitoring 74

Reading an Electrocardiogram 75

Cardiac Dysrhythmias 76

Ventricular Tachycardia 77

Ventricular Fibrillation 78

Internal Pacemaker/Internal Cardiac Defibrillators 79

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation 80

Angina Pectoris 80

Myocardial Infarction 81

Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction 82

Management of a Client with Myocardial Infarction 82

Aneurysms 89

Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart 90

Infective Endocarditis 90

Pericarditis 90

Peripheral Vascular Disease 91

Varicose Veins/Thrombophlebitis 92

Raynaud’s Phenomenon 92

Buerger’s Disease 92

Key Concepts 94

Key Terms 94

Diagnostics 95

Pharmacological Agents Used in the Treatment of Clients with Cardiovascular Disorders 96

Apply Your Knowledge 101

Exam Questions 101

Answers to Exam Questions 103

Suggested Reading and Resources 104

Chapter 4: Care of the Client with Endocrine Disorders 105

Pituitary Gland 106

Hypopituitarism 106

Hyperpituitarism 106

Disorders of the Posterior Pituitary Gland 107

Thyroid Disorders 108

Hypothyroidism 108

Hyperthyroidism 110

Parathyroid Disorders 112

Hypoparathyroidism 112

Hyperparathyroidism 113

Diabetes Mellitus 114

Hyperglycemia 116

Hypoglycemia 117

Managing Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia 117

Adrenal Gland 118

Adrenal Gland Disorders 119

Key Concepts 123

Key Terms 123

Diagnostics 124

Pharmacological Agents Used to Treat Clients with Endocrine Disorders 124

Apply Your Knowledge 128

Exam Questions 128

Answers to Exam Questions 130

Suggested Reading and Resources 131

Chapter 5: Care of the Client with Respiratory Disorders 133

Noninfectious Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract 133

Chronic Bronchitis 133

Emphysema 134

Asthma 135

Pleurisy 137

Pulmonary Hypertension 138

Interstitial Pulmonary Disease 139

Sarcoidosis 139

Pulmonary Fibrosis 140

Occupational Pulmonary Disease 140

Infectious Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract 142

Pneumonia 142

Tuberculosis 145

Influenza 147

Life-Threatening Pulmonary Disorders 148

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome 148

Pulmonary Embolus 152

Pneumothorax 154

Hemothorax 155

Emerging Infections 158

SARS 158

Legionnaires’ Disease 159

Key Concepts 161

Key Terms 161

Diagnostic Tests 161

Pharmacological Agents Used in the Care of the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System 162

Apply Your Knowledge 165

Exam Questions 166

Answers to Exam Questions 168

Suggested Reading and Resources 169

Chapter 6: Care of the Client with Genitourinary Disorders 171

Renal Disorders 172

Acute Glomerulonephritis 172

Chronic Glomerulonephritis 173

Goodpasture’s Syndrome 174

Nephrotic Syndrome 175

Polycystic Kidney Disease 176

Hydronephrosis/Hydroureteronephrosis 177

Pyelonephritis 178

Acute and Chronic Renal Failure 179

Chronic Renal Failure 180

Peritoneal Dialysis 181

Hemodialysis 182

Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy 183

Renal Transplantation 184

Urinary Disorders 185

Cystitis 185

Urinary Incontinence 187

Urolithiasis 188

Genitourinary Disorders 189

Prostatitis 190

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy 190

Erectile Dysfunction 191

Epididymitis 193

Priapism 193

Key Concepts 195

Key Terms 195

Diagnostics 195

Pharmacologic Agents for the Client with Genitourinary Disorders 196

Apply Your Knowledge 200

Exam Questions 200

Answers to Exam Questions 202

Suggested Reading and Resources 203

Chapter 7: Care of the Client with Integumentary Disorders 205

Common Infections of the Integumentary System 205

Viral Infections 205

Fungal Infections 207

Bacterial Infections 208

Psoriasis 208

Pressure Ulcers 209

Burns 212

Burn Classifications 212

Burn Measurement with TBSA 214

Nursing Care for Burn Victims 215

Key Concepts 223

Key Terms 223

Diagnostic Tests 223

Pharmacological Agents Used in the Care of the Client with Integumentary Disorders 224

Apply Your Knowledge 226

Exam Questions 226

Answers to Exam Questions 228

Suggested Reading and Resources 229

Chapter 8: Care of the Client with Sensory Disorders 231

Disorders of the Eyes 231

Intraocular Disorders 232

Uveitis 235

Retinal Disorders 236

Refractive Errors 239

Traumatic Injuries 240

Ocular Melanoma 240

Disorders of the Ears 242

Otitis Externa 243

Otitis Media 243

Mastoiditis 244

Ménière’s Disease 244

Acoustic Neuroma 245

Otosclerosis 245

Presbycusis 246

Ear Trauma 246

Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss 247

Key Concepts 250

Key Terms 250

Diagnostic Tests 251

Pharmacological Agents Used in the Care of the Client with Disorders of the Eyes and Ears 251

Apply Your Knowledge 253

Exam Questions 253

Answers to Exam Questions 255

Suggested Reading and Resources 256

Chapter 9: Care of the Client with Gastrointestinal Disorders 257

Peptic Ulcer Disease 258

Types of Ulcers 259

Diagnosis of Ulcers 259

Treatment of Ulcers 260

Inflammatory Bowel Disorders 263

Crohn’s Disease 263

Ulcerative Colitis 263

Management of the Client with Inflammatory Bowel Disease 264

Diverticular Disease 265

Management of the Client with Diverticulitis 265

Hemorrhoids 266

Appendicitis 266

Peritonitis 268

Intestinal Obstruction 269

Esophageal Disorders 270

GERD 270

Hiatal Hernia 274

Diseases Associated with the Liver 275

Hepatitis 275

Cirrhosis 281

Acute Pancreatitis 285

Diagnosis of Pancreatitis 286

Treatment of Pancreatitis 286

Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis 287

Symptoms of Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis 288

Diagnosis of Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis 288

Treatment of Cholecystitis 289

Treatment of Cholethiasis 289

Clostridium Difficile 290

Food-Borne Illnesses 291

Key Concepts 294

Key Terms 294

Diagnostic Tests 295

Pharmacological Agents Used in the Care of the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System 295

Apply Your Knowledge 297

Exam Questions 298

Answers to Exam Questions 300

Suggested Reading and Resources 301

Chapter 10: Care of the Client with Hematological Disorders 303

Anemia 303

Pernicious Anemia 304

Aplastic Anemia 304

Sickle Cell Anemia 305

Iron Deficiency Anemia 309

Thalassemia 311

Polycythemia Vera 312

Hemophilia 313

Transfusion Therapy 315

Transfusion Reactions 317

Key Concepts 319

Key Terms 319

Diagnostic Tests for Review 319

Pharmacological Agents Used in Hematological Disorders 320

Apply Your Knowledge 321

Exam Questions 321

Answers to Exam Questions 323

Suggested Reading and Resources 324

Chapter 11: Care of the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System 325

Neurological Assessment 326

Cranial Nerve Assessment 326

Glasgow Coma Scale 327

Intracranial Pressure Monitors 328

Brain Injuries 329

Epidural Hematomas 332

Subdural Hematoma 332

Intracerebral Hematomas 332

Treatment of Hematomas 332

Increased Intracranial Pressure 332

Brain Tumors 336

Treatment of Brain Tumors 337

Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy) 338

Cerebrovascular Accident/Stroke 342

Ischemic Stroke 342

Hemorrhagic Stroke 344

Seizures 347

Types of Seizures 347

Treatment of Seizure Clients 350

Parkinson’s Disease 350

Meningitis 352

Autoimmune Neurological Disorders 354

Multiple Sclerosis 354

Myasthenia Gravis 355

Guillain-Barré 357

Degenerative Neurological Disorders 358

Cranial Nerve Disorders 359

Trigeminal Neuralgia 359

Bell’s Palsy 359

Spinal Cord Injuries 360

Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries 361

Potential Complications with SCI Clients 362

Intervertebral Disk Disease 363

Diabetes Insipidus 365

Key Concepts 367

Key Terms 367

Diagnostics 368

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