Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany / Edition 1

Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany / Edition 1

by Riva Kastoryano, Barbara (Trans.) Harshav
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691010153

ISBN-13: 9780691010151

Pub. Date: 01/21/2002

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork—including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants—to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to

Overview

Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork—including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants—to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to the United States, she delineates the role of states in constructing group identities and measures the impact of immigrant organization and mobilization on national identity.

Kastoryano argues that states contribute directly and indirectly to the elaboration of immigrants' identity, in part by articulating the grounds on which their groups are granted legitimacy. Conversely, immigrant organizations demanding recognition often redefine national identity by reinforcing or modifying traditional sentiments. They use culture—national references in Germany and religion in France—to negotiate new political identities in ways that alter state composition and lead the state to negotiate its identity as well.

Despite their different histories, Kastoryano finds that Germany, France, and the United States are converging in their policies toward immigration control and integration. All three have adopted similar tactics and made similar institutional adjustments in their efforts to reconcile differences while tending national integrity.

The author builds her observations into a model of ''negotiations of identities'' useful to a broad cross-section of social scientists and policy specialists. She extends her analysis to consider how the European Union and transnational networks affect identities still negotiated at the national level. The result is a forward-thinking book that illuminates immigration from a new angle.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691010151
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
01/21/2002
Series:
Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi
INTRODUCTION 1
France, Germany, and the United States 2
Negotiating Identities 3
The Nation-State in Crisis 6
Citizenship and Multiculturalism 8
Methodology 11
CHAPTER ONE
The War of Words 15
On the Immigrant 16
Boundaries of Identity or "Threshold of Tolerance" 19
The Battle o f Numbers 20
Who Is Who? 22
"The Right of Difference" or "Praise of Indifference" 26
Between Assimilation and Return 30
The Era o f Communities 34
CHAPTER TWO
Representation of Political Traditions 38
On the Nature of Representation: An "Ideal Nation" 40
Integration "a la frangaise" 40
Dream of German Unity 43
"E Pluribus Unum" 45
The Search for Social Cohesion 46
Religions and Social Cohesion 47
Defining New Solidarities 51
Limits o f Representation 53
The Category of Experience 53
Representation Stops at the Law 58
CHAPTER THREE
The Territories of Identity 64
Incompatible Equations 65
The Ethnicization of Territory 68
Suburbs in France: Places Managed by Tension 69
"Colonies" of Turks in Germany 71
Area and Era o f Tensions 72
Social Immobility and "Ghettos" 72
Violence, Rage, and Fears 74
In Search o f the Social Bond 75
Universality and Ethnicity 76
Redefining Solidarities in France 78
A "Multicultural" Germany 82
CHAPTER FOUR
The Invention of the Cultural 85
The Reappropriation o f a Cultural Identity in France 86
The Assertion of Cultural Identity in Germany 89
"Islam Is Everywhere!" 92
An Imagined Transnational Cultural Community 96
CHAPTER FIVE
The Politicization of Identities in France 99
The Emergence o f New Divisions 101
Republican Rhetoric 101
The Emergence of an Ethnic Market 103
Forming a Community 106
"Thwarting Islam" 106
"Forming a Muslim Community" 107
Between the Mosque and the School 110
The Recall o f the Universal 112
French Lafcite 112
Islam in the Feminine 113
CHAPTER SIX
The Politicization of Identities in Germany 117
Religious Pluralism and Islam 119
Between the Head Scarf and the Crucifix 119
A Place for Islam 121
The Construction of an Ethnic Community 123
The Impossible Religious Community 123
In Search of a National Community 125
Ethnic or Minority Community 128
The Construction of a National Minority 129
A Minority in the Minority 136
CHAPTER SEVEN
The Negotiation of Identities 140
The Question of Citizenship 142
Citizenship and Political Commitment 143
Citizenship, Nationality, and Identity 145
A Question of Recognition 151
A French Islam 151
A Turkish Minority in Germany 156
CHAPTER EIGHT
The European Union: New Space for Negotiating Identities 164
Universality and Particularity 165
Rights of Solidarity, Rights of Minorities 166
Between Market and Union 168
The Issue of Sovereignty 169
Transnationality, and Nationality 170
Transnational Strategies and National Realities 171
The Immigrant Forum 172
The Informal Networks and Islam 173
"Postnational Citizenship" and European Identity 175
Institutional Practices and European Identity 176
Nationality or European Citizenship? 178
CONCLUSION 181
Paradoxes 181
The Limits of Recognition 183
Inclusive Indifference 184
Notes 187
Bibliography 201
Index 221

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