Neighbors,Not Friends: Iraq and Iran after the Gulf Wars


On the tenth anniversary of Desert Storm, a leading commentator on the region investigates events in Iran and Iraq since the war ended, uncovering the mutual deception and intrigue that have marked America's protracted conflict with Iraq.
In Neighbors, Not Friends, Middle East expert Dilip Hiro blows the cover on how Iraq cheated the UN inspectors on disarmament, and how the US conversely manipulated and infiltrated the UN inspection teams to gather intelligence on Iraq and ...
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On the tenth anniversary of Desert Storm, a leading commentator on the region investigates events in Iran and Iraq since the war ended, uncovering the mutual deception and intrigue that have marked America's protracted conflict with Iraq.
In Neighbors, Not Friends, Middle East expert Dilip Hiro blows the cover on how Iraq cheated the UN inspectors on disarmament, and how the US conversely manipulated and infiltrated the UN inspection teams to gather intelligence on Iraq and overthrow Saddam Hussein. Combining first-hand journalistic accounts with political expertise, Hiro assesses the checkered past and future of these embattled nations. He also investigates Hussein, who shows no signs of relinquishing office despite the devastating deprivation suffered by the Iraqi people. He simultaneously tracks the recent upheavals and the development of domestic politics in Iran, where a liberal government strives for authority against a conservative religious right wing.
Hailed as "perceptive," "balanced," and "definitive," Hiro's previous books The Longest War and Desert Shield to Desert Storm won rave reviews for taking us from the trenches of the Iran-Iraq war to its inevitable climax in the Desert Storm campaign. Completing the trilogy, Neighbors, Not Friends continues Hiro's trenchant analysis, yielding the first, full balanced account of Iran and Iraq and their pivotal position for the US and the world today.
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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
It has been ten years since Operation Desert Storm's defeat of the Iraqi army. Although the Gulf War is now a distant memory for many in the West, the devastating effects of that conflict are felt by the Iraqi people on a daily basis. In neighboring Iran, 13 years after the end of the Iran-Iraq War (the first Gulf War), a new form of political struggle has pitted reformists against conservatives. The outcome of this ongoing conflict will undoubtedly have a profound effect on Iran's relations with its Arab neighbors and the rest of the world. In this engaging, readable, and jargon-free book, Hiro (Sharing the Promised Land), a veteran journalist and leading commentator on the Middle East whose previous books have been highly regarded, covers developments in Iraq and Iran in the past decade. He combines firsthand information with a keen sense of political knowledge of the region to give us an informed, objective, and up-to-date analysis of political developments in two key countries in the Persian Gulf. Highly recommended for academic and public libraries. Nader Entessar, Spring Hill Coll., Mobile, AL Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
A blow-by-blow account of how two wars have affected the fortunes of two nations. Drawing on myriad sources, from newspapers to interviews, Hiro (Desert Shield to Desert Storm, not reviewed) presents a good primer on contemporary Iraqi and Iranian history. Both Gulf Wars-the first (1980-88) between Iraq and Iran, the second (1991) between Iraq and a coalition of forces headed by the US-led to divergent consolidations of power. In Iraq, after both wars, Saddam Hussein tightened his control. In Iran, the first war solidified the Islamic revolution in giving the Iranian people a common enemy, while the second provided oxygen to a moderate movement that led to the election of current President Muhammad Khatami in 1997. The author devotes much time to Hussein's takeover of the Baath party apparatus, his build-up of the Republican Guard, and his control of the intelligence and security services, which have enabled him to keep a thumb on his would-be challengers and US spies. He gives a pretty clear diagram of Iran's numerous religious and non-religious government bodies (which are currently wrestling with each other over social and economic reforms), and documents how the US (under Presidents Bush and Clinton) sought to isolate both Iraq and Iran economically and diplomatically-despite significant differences between the police-state government of the former and the vibrant, partially democratic culture of the latter. He argues that Bush chose to leave Hussein in power so as not to allow Iran to profit from his demise, and that Clinton cynically bombed Iraq to halt impeachment proceedings then being raised against him in Congress. Unfortunately, Hiro never directly synthesizes this material,and his account is divided in half-with each country dealt with separately in its own section. Indeed, each section could have been its own historical monograph. Necessary, if painstaking, reading for anyone interested in the contemporary history of two "rogue" states.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415254113
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 7/28/2001
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Dilip Hiro is a full-time writer and journalist, and a frequent commentator on Middle Eastern, Gulf and Islamic affairs in radio and telelvision. He is the author of The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict, Holy Wars:The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism and Iran Under the Ayatollahs among other books. His articles on the Middle East and allied subjects have appeared in the Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Sunday Times, Guardian, Toronto Star and International Herald Tribune.

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Table of Contents

List of plates
Glossary of Arabic, Kurdish and Persian words
Maps and diagrams
Introduction 1
Pt. I Iraq
1 Saddam center-stage, exit Bush 45
2 Enter Clinton, Saddam's new nemesis 69
3 A shattering betrayal, then lucky breaks for Saddam 90
4 The mother of all failed coups 102
5 Saddam and re-elected Clinton 120
6 "Desert Thunder" that didn't thunder 135
7 Operation "Desert Fox" 154
8 Iraq, a return to normalcy 179
Pt. II Iran
9 Rafsanjani's reconstruction and economic liberalization 195
10 Khatami, a moderate with a mission 225
11 Political reform and reaction 241
12 Reform restrained 265
Conclusions and future prospects 281
Epilog 301
App. I The Algiers Acord 311
App. II United Nations Security Council Resolution 598 313
App. III United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 315
App. IV United Nations Security Council Resolution 688 324
App. V United Nations Security Council Resolution 986 326
App. VI United Nations Security Council Resolution 1284 331
Notes 341
Select bibliography 365
News agencies, newspapers and periodicals 367
Index 369
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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 30, 2002

    Puts the case for NOT attacking Iraq

    This deeply researched and extremely well-informed book by Dilip Hiro, the noted expert on the Middle East, presents a most useful survey of the recent changes in Iraq and Iran. It is especially timely since it refutes Bush and Blair¿s war propaganda. Hiro notes that the 1991 war against Iraq killed from 57,600 to 62,600 people, and cost Iraq $200 billions¿ worth of damage. US and British bombers dropped 140,000 tons of bombs, equivalent to seven Hiroshimas. He points out that the UN¿s weapons inspection team, Unscom, was compromised by the US government which illegally inserted CIA operatives and by its co-operation with Mossad, the Israeli secret service. As the Pentagon stated, ¿information supplied by the monitors had played a part in the careful selection of targets¿ for the subsequent continual bombing attacks. Hiro reports that by April 1998 Unscom and the International Atomic Energy Authority had destroyed all Iraq¿s missiles, chemical weapons and nuclear weapons facilities. As Martin Indyk, the US assistant secretary of state for the Middle East, confirmed in September 1999, ¿We do not at this point have evidence of any kind that Saddam Hussein is attempting to rebuild his arsenal.¿ So how, after twelve years of the most punishing sanctions in history, could Iraq produce weapons of mass destruction? If Bush and Blair had the evidence, they would surely have told us! Some claim that UN Resolution 687 gives the US the legal warrant to take `all necessary measures¿ to change Iraq¿s regime. But the Resolution guaranteed the inviolability of the Iraq-Kuwait border and authorised `all necessary measures to that end in accordance with the Charter¿. It ¿does not talk about getting rid of leadership¿, as UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan observed. And as the British commander in the 1991 war, General Peter de la Billiere, noted, he had no mandate to invade Iraq or to take over the country. Nor did Resolution 688 authorise military action: the US and British governments tried to add the `authority to use force¿, but China and India successfully opposed this. So Bush and Blair have no legal mandate for war.

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