Neither Fugitive nor Free: Atlantic Slavery, Freedom Suits, and the Legal Culture of Travel

Neither Fugitive nor Free: Atlantic Slavery, Freedom Suits, and the Legal Culture of Travel

by Edlie L. Wong
     
 

ISBN-10: 0814794564

ISBN-13: 9780814794562

Pub. Date: 07/01/2009

Publisher: New York University Press

Neither Fugitive Nor Free draws on the freedom suit as recorded in the press and court documents to offer a critically and historically engaged understanding of the freedom celebrated in the literary and cultural histories of transatlantic abolitionism. Freedom suits involved those enslaved valets, nurses, and maids who accompanied slaveholders onto free

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Overview

Neither Fugitive Nor Free draws on the freedom suit as recorded in the press and court documents to offer a critically and historically engaged understanding of the freedom celebrated in the literary and cultural histories of transatlantic abolitionism. Freedom suits involved those enslaved valets, nurses, and maids who accompanied slaveholders onto free soil. Once brought into a free jurisdiction, these attendants became informally free, even if they were taken back to a slave jurisdiction—at least according to abolitionists and the enslaved themselves. In order to secure their freedom formally, slave attendants or others on their behalf had to bring suit in a court of law.

Edlie Wong critically recuperates these cases in an effort to reexamine and redefine the legal construction of freedom, will, and consent. This study places such historically central anti-slavery figures as Frederick Douglass, Olaudah Equiano, and William Lloyd Garrison alongside such lesser-known slave plaintiffs as Lucy Ann Delaney, Grace, Catharine Linda, Med, and Harriet Robinson Scott. Situated at the confluence of literary criticism, feminism, and legal history, Neither Fugitive nor Free presents the freedom suit as a "new" genre to African American and American literary studies.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814794562
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication date:
07/01/2009
Series:
America and the Long 19th Century Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Contents
Introduction: Traveling Slaves and the Geopolitics of Freedom 1
1 Emancipation after “the Laws of Englishmen” 19
2 Choosing Kin in Antislavery Literature and Law 77
3 The Gender of Freedom before Dred Scott 127
4 The Crime of Color in the Negro Seamen Acts 183
Conclusion: Fictions of Free Travel 240

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