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Neruda's Garden: An Anthology of Odes / Edition 1

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Overview

The beloved odes written by Chilean poet and 1971 Nobel Laureate Pablo Neruda demonstrate his astonishing ability to present ordinary items in new and surprising ways. The poems are gathered from Odas elementales (Elemental Odes), 1954; Nuevas odas elementals (New Elemental Odes), 1956; Tercer libro de odas, (Third Book of Odes), 1957; and Navegaciones y regresos (Voyages and Homecomings), 1959. This anthology is the most complete selection of Neruda's work to appear in English, in an excellent bilingual format featuring translations by Maria Jacketti, an expert of Pablo Neruda's work.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780935480689
  • Publisher: Latin American Literary Review Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/1995
  • Series: Discoveries Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 256
  • Sales rank: 1,389,524
  • Product dimensions: 5.39 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.72 (d)

Meet the Author

Pablo Neruda

Pablo Neruda is regarded as the greatest Latin American poet of the 20th century, as well as a controversial political figure. Neruda's breadth and vision and wide range of themes are extraordinary, and his work continues to inspire new generations of writers. From his youth in the coastal town of Temuco in southern Chile, Neruda was known as a naturalist. In dozens of his odes, carefully selected and translated for this edition, Pablo Neruda expressed his joy in the beauty of simple things.

Biography

Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), whose real name is Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto, was born on 12 July, 1904, in the town of Parral in Chile. His father was a railway employee and his mother, who died shortly after his birth, a teacher. Some years later his father, who had then moved to the town of Temuco, remarried Doña Trinidad Candia Malverde. The poet spent his childhood and youth in Temuco, where he also got to know Gabriela Mistral, head of the girls' secondary school, who took a liking to him. At the early age of thirteen he began to contribute some articles to the daily "La Mañana," among them, Entusiasmo y Perseverancia -- his first publication -- and his first poem. In 1920, he became a contributor to the literary journal "Selva Austral" under the pen name of Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda (1834-1891). Some of the poems Neruda wrote at that time are to be found in his first published book: Crepusculario (1923). The following year saw the publication of Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada, one of his best-known and most translated works. Alongside his literary activities, Neruda studied French and pedagogy at the University of Chile in Santiago.

Between 1927 and 1935, the government put him in charge of a number of honorary consulships, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, and Madrid. His poetic production during that difficult period included, among other works, the collection of esoteric surrealistic poems, Residencia en la tierra (1933), which marked his literary breakthrough.

The Spanish Civil War and the murder of García Lorca, whom Neruda knew, affected him strongly and made him join the Republican movement, first in Spain, and later in France, where he started working on his collection of poems España en el corazón (1937). The same year he returned to his native country, to which he had been recalled, and his poetry during the following period was characterized by an orientation towards political and social matters. España en el corazón had a great impact by virtue of its being printed in the middle of the front during the civil war.

In 1939, Neruda was appointed consul for the Spanish emigration, residing in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, consul general in Mexico, where he rewrote his "Canto general de Chile," transforming it into an epic poem about the whole South American continent, its nature, its people and its historical destiny. This work, entitled Canto general, was published in Mexico 1950, and also underground in Chile. It consists of approximately 250 poems brought together into fifteen literary cycles and constitutes the central part of Neruda's production. Shortly after its publication, Canto general was translated into some ten languages. Nearly all these poems were created in a difficult situation, when Neruda was living abroad.

In 1943, Neruda returned to Chile, and in 1945 he was elected senator of the Republic, also joining the Communist Party of Chile. Due to his protests against President González Videla's repressive policy against striking miners in 1947, he had to live underground in his own country for two years until he managed to leave in 1949. After living in different European countries he returned home in 1952. A great deal of what he published during that period bears the stamp of his political activities; one example is Las uvas y el viento (1954), which can be regarded as the diary of Neruda's exile. In Odas elementales (1954-1959) his message is expanded into a more extensive description of the world, where the objects of the hymns -- things, events and relations -- are duly presented in alphabetic form.

Neruda's production is exceptionally extensive. For example, his Obras completas, constantly republished, comprised 459 pages in 1951; in 1962 the number of pages was 1,925, and in 1968 it amounted to 3,237, in two volumes. Among his works of the last few years can be mentioned Cien sonetos de amor (1959), which includes poems dedicated to his wife, Matilde Urrutia, Memorial de Isla Negra, a poetic work of an autobiographic character in five volumes, published on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, Arte de pajáros (1966), La Barcarola (1967), the play Fulgor y muerte de Joaquín Murieta (1967), Las manos del día (1968), Fin del mundo (1969), Las piedras del cielo (1970), and La espada encendida.

Pablo Neruda died in 1973.

© The Nobel Foundation 1971

Good To Know

Always a political activist, Neruda was an anarchist for a time, but joined the Communist Party of Chile in 1945. He actually ran for president of Chile but eventually left the race to support Salvador Allende.

He had three wives throughout his lifetime: Mar a Antonieta Hagenaar, Delia de Carril, and Matilde Urrutia. He married Mar in 1930, but they divorced in 1936. He lived with Carril from the 1930s until they divorced in 1955 (they married in 1943). In 1966, he married Urrutia.

Neruda owned three homes in Chile that are open today as museums: "La Chascona" in Santiago, "La Sebastiana" in Valpara, and "Casa de Isla Negra" in Isla Negra, where he and his third wife, Matilde Urrutia, are buried.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (real name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      July 12, 1904
    2. Place of Birth:
      Parral, Chile
    1. Date of Death:
      September 23, 1973
    2. Place of Death:
      Santiago, Chile

Table of Contents

To Happiness 21
To Love 27
To a Chestnut on the Earth 31
To the Onion 35
To the Happy Day 39
To Hope 43
To the Earth's Fertility 45
To the Azure Flower 51
To the Tomato 55
To Sadness 61
To Summer 63
To Life 69
To the Waterfall 77
To Flowers Along the Coast 81
To Soap 85
To the Spud 89
To the Hummingbird 95
To the Present 101
To the Rose 107
To Solidarity 113
To the Bee 121
To Fragrant Stock 129
To the Myrrh Tree 135
To the Petrified Forest 141
To a Box of Tea 147
To the Plum 151
To the Color Green 159
To a Few Yellow Flowers 165
To the Flowers of Datitla 167
To the Lady of the Garden 171
To the Enchanted Light 177
To the Magnolia 179
To Corn 185
To the Apple 191
To the Butterfly 195
To the Orange 201
To a Cluster of Violets 205
For Watering 209
To Future Days 213
To the Wings of September 219
To the Bed 223
To Things 227
To Gratitude 235
To Fried Potatoes 239
To the Dish 241
To the Watermelon 245
To the Chair 251
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