Networking Approach to Grid Computing / Edition 1

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Overview

The book explores practical advantages of Grid Computing and what is needed by an organization to migrate to this new computing paradigm. Intended for practitioners and decision-makers who want to explore the overall business opportunities afforded by this new technology, as well as for software programmers, this self-contained reference makes both the concepts and applications of grid computing clear and understandable to even non-technical managers. It explains the underlying networking mechanism and answers such questions critical to the business enterprise as What is grid computing? ; How widespread is its present/potential penetration? ; Is it ready for prime time? ; Are there firm standards? ; Is it secure? ; How do we bill this new product? ; and How can we deploy it (at a macro level)?

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...a comprehensive book with substantial amount of information about grid computing...a great starting point for those who want to migrate to a grid computing system." (E-STREAMS, August 2005)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471687566
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 10/22/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 6.38 (w) x 9.43 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

DANIEL MINOLI has many years of IT, telecom, and networking experience for end users and carriers including work at AIG, ARPA think tanks, Bell Telephone Laboratories, ITT, Prudential Securities, Bell Communications Research (Bellcore/Telcordia), AT&T, Gartner/DataPro, and high-tech incubator Leading Edge Networks Inc. He is the author of several books on Information Technology, telecommunications, and data communications, and has taught at New York University, Rutgers University, Stevens Institute of Technology, Carnegie Mellon University, and Monmouth University.

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Table of Contents

About the Author xiii

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xvii

1 Introduction 1

1.1 What Is Grid Computing And What Are The Key Issues? 1

1.2 Potential Applications and Financial Benefits of Grid Computing 10

1.3 Grid Types, Topologies, Components, and Layers— A Preliminary View 13

1.4 Comparison with Other Approaches 21

1.5 A First Look at Grid Computing Standards 24

1.6 A Pragmatic Course of Investigation 27

2 Grid Benefits and Status of Technology 31

2.1 Motivations for Considering Computational Grids 31

2.2 Brief History of Computing, Communications, and Grid Computing 38

Communication 44

Computation 46

Grid Technology 47

2.3 Is Grid Computing Ready for Prime Time? 47

2.4 Early Suppliers and Vendors 51

2.5 Possible Economic Value 53

2.5.1 Possible Economic Value: One State’s Positioning 53

2.5.2 Possible Economic Value: Extrapolation 56

2.6 Challenges 56

3 Components of Grid Computing Systems and Architectures 63

3.1 Overview 63

3.2 Basic Constituent Elements—A Functional View 71

Portal/User Interface Function/Functional Block 85

The Grid Security Infrastructure: User Security Function/Functional Block 75

Node Security Function/Functional Block 76

Broker Function/Functional Block and Directory 76

Scheduler Function/Functional Block 77

Data Management Function/Functional Block 78

Job Management And Resource Management Function/Functional Block 78

User/Application Submission Function/Functional Block 79

Resources 79

Protocols 80

3.3 Basic Constituent Elements—A Physical View 81

Networks 81

Computation 84

Storage 85

Scientific Instruments 90

Software and licenses 91

3.4 Basic Constituent Elements—Service View 91

4 Standards Supporting Grid Computing: OGSI 101

4.1 Introduction 104

4.2 Motivations for Standardization 109

4.3 Architectural Constructs 113

4.3.1 Definitions 113

4.3.2 Protocol Perspective 115

4.3.3 Going From “Art” To “Science” 123

4.4 What is OGSA/OGSI? A Practical View 125

4.5 OGSA/OGSI Service Elements and Layered Model 129

4.5.1 Key Aspects 129

4.5.2 Ancillary Aspects 132

4.5.3 Implementations of OGSI 136

4.6 What is OGSA/OGSI? A More Detailed View 139

4.6.1 Introduction 139

4.6.2 Setting the Context 140

4.6.3 The Grid Service 145

4.6.4 WSDL Extensions and Conventions 145

4.6.5 Service Data 146

4.6.6 Core Grid Service Properties 149

4.6.7 Other Details 151

4.7 A Possible Application of OGSA/OGSI to Next-Generation Open-Source Outsourcing 151

4.7.1 Opportunities 151

4.7.2 Outsourcing Trends 151

5 Standards Supporting Grid Computing: OGSA 155

5.1 Introduction 156

5.2 Functionality Requirements 158

5.2.1 Basic Functionality Requirements 159

5.2.2 Security Requirements 160

5.2.3 Resource Management Requirements 161

5.2.4 System Properties Requirements 162

5.2.5 Other Functionality Requirements 163

5.3 OGSA Service Taxonomy 164

5.3.1 Core Services 166

5.3.2 Data Services 168

5.3.3 Program Execution 169

5.3.4 Resource Management 173

5.4 Service Relationships 173

5.4.1 Service Composition 174

5.4.2 Service Orchestration 175

5.4.3 Types of Relationships 176

5.4.4 Platform Services 176

5.5 OGSA Services 177

5.5.1 Handle Resolution 177

5.5.2 Virtual Organization Creation and Management 178

5.5.3 Service Groups and Discovery Services 178

5.5.4 Choreography, Orchestrations and Workflow 180

5.5.5 Transactions 180

5.5.6 Metering Service 181

5.5.7 Rating Service 182

5.5.8 Accounting Service 182

5.5.9 Billing and Payment Service 182

5.5.10 Installation, Deployment, and Provisioning 183

5.5.11 Distributed Logging 183

5.5.12 Messaging and Queuing 184

5.5.13 Event 186

5.5.14 Policy and Agreements 187

5.5.15 Base Data Services 188

5.5.16 Other Data Services 190

5.5.17 Discovery Services 191

5.5.18 Job Agreement Service 192

5.5.19 Reservation Agreement Service 192

5.5.20 Data Access Agreement Service 193

5.5.21 Queuing Service 193

5.5.22 Open Grid Services Infrastructure 193

5.5.23 Common Management Model 195

5.6 Security Considerations 196

5.7 Examples of OGSA Mechanisms in Support of VO Structures 197

6 Grid System Deployment Issues, Approaches, and Tools 201

6.1 Generic Implementations: Globus Toolkit 201

6.1.1 Globus Toolkit tools and APIs 203

6.1.2 Details on Key Tookit Protocols 207

6.1.3 Globus Toolkit Version 3 213

6.1.4 Applications 216

6.2 Grid Computing Environments 217

6.2.1 Introduction 217

6.2.2 Portal Services 219

6.3 Basic Grid Deployment and Management Issues 220

6.3.1 Products Categories 221

6.3.2 Business Grid Types 221

6.3.3 Deploying a Basic Computing Grid 223

6.3.4 Deploying More Complex Computing Grids 224

6.3.5 Grid Networking Infrastucture Required for Deployment 226

6.3.6 Grid Operation—Basic Steps 230

6.3.7 Deployment Challenges and Approaches 231

6.4 Grid Security Details—Deployment Peace of Mind 234

6.4.1 Basic Approach and Mechanisms 234

6.4.2 Additional Perspectives 236

6.4.3 Conclusion 249

7 Grid System Economics 251

7.1 Introduction 252

7.2 Grid Economic Services Architecture 255

7.2.1 Introduction 255

7.2.2 Overview 256

7.2.3 The Chargeable Grid Service (CGS) 258

7.2.4 The Grid Payment System 267

7.2.5 GPSHold Service 274

7.2.6 The Grid Currency Exchange Service 275

7.2.7 An Example 277

7.2.8 Security Considerations 280

8 Communication Systems for Local Grids 281

8.1 Introduction and Positioning 281

8.2 SAN-Related Technology 284

8.2.1 Fibre Channel Technology—Native Mode 285

8.2.2 Fibre Channel Technology—Tunneled Modes 298

8.3 LAN-Related Technology 303

8.3.1 Standards 303

8.3.2 Key concepts 307

9 Communication Systems for National Grids 313

9.1 Multilink Frame Relay 313

9.1.1 Motivations and Scope 315

9.1.2 Multilink Frame Relay Basics 319

9.2 MPLS Technology 321

9.2.1 Approaches 322

9.2.2 MPLS Operation 324

9.2.3 Key Mechanisms Supporting MPLS 328

9.2.4 Service Availability 332

10 Communication Systems for Global Grids 333

10.1 The Basics of Layer 2 and layer 3 VPNs 334

10.2 The Layer 3 Approach 334

10.3 Layer 2 MPLS VPNs-A Different Philosophy 336

10.4 Which Works Better Where? 337

10.5 A Grid Computing Application 338

References 339

Glossary 353

Index 365

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