Neurological Rehabilitation: Optimizing motor performance / Edition 2

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Overview

Janet Carr and Roberta Shepherd head up a new team of eminent authors for the second edition of this definitive text on neurological physiotherapy. In the first edition, the authors described a model of neurological rehabilitation for individuals with motor dysfunction based on scientific research in the areas of neuromuscular control, biomechanics, motor skill learning, and the link between cognition and action, together with developments in pathology and adaptation.

The new edition continues to advance this model while identifying and incorporating the many advances that have occurred in the last decade in the understanding and treatment of adults with neurological conditions, whether caused by accident or disease. Among these advances is the knowledge that the brain retains a plastic potential to reorganize, even in old and/or lesioned brains, and that neural plasticity can be influenced by task-related mental and physical practice in a stimulating environment. There is also an increasing body of knowledge related to the musculoskeletal system’s adaptability and the need to prevent length and stiffness- related changes in muscle contractility, together with loss of aerobic fitness and endurance. There is an expanding body of clinical research that appears to support the model provided here. The training guidelines outlined in Neurological Rehabilitation are based on biomechanical constructs and motor relearning research, applied to enhance brain reorganization and muscle contractility, and encourage functional recovery of the patient. It connects science and clinical practice enabling students and practitioners to develop their knowledge and use new clinical methods based on modern scientific understanding.

• All chapters have been revised, some with the collaboration of five specialists who are engaged in high level scientific research and clinical practice
• Biomechanical models are presented to provide a framework for action-specific training and exercise to improve performance
• Clinical guidelines are science- and evidence-based
• Emphasis is on new approaches to the delivery of neurological rehabilitation that increase the time spent in mental and physical activity, and the intensity of practice and exercise
• Up-to-date referencing

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780702040511
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Publication date: 9/22/2010
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 376
  • Sales rank: 737,440
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Contributors vii

Preface to the first edition ix

Preface to the second edition xi

Acknowledgements xiii

Part 1 Introduction: adaptation, training and measurement

1 The adaptive system: plasticity and recovery 3

2 Training motor control, increasing strength and fitness and promoting skill acquisition 15

3 Measurement 57

Part 2 Task-related exercise and training

4 Standing up and sitting down 77

5 Walking 95

6 Reaching and manipulation 123

7 Balance 163

Part 3 Body function and structure, limitations in activities and participation

8 Upper motor neuron lesions 193

9 Cerebellar ataxia Phu Hoang 217

10 Somatosensory and perceptual-cognitive impairments 235

11 Stroke Julie Bernhardt 247

12 Traumatic brain injury Anne Moseley Leanne Hassett 281

13 Parkinson's disease Colleen Canning 307

14 Multiple sclerosis Phu Hoang 335

Index 351

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