Neuromechanics of Human Movement - 4th Edition / Edition 4

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Overview

Drawing on the disciplines of neurophysiology and physics, Neuromechanics of Human Movement, Fourth Edition, explores how the nervous system controls the actions of muscles to produce human motion in relation to biomechanical principles. This contemporary approach is much different from the traditional approach, which focuses solely on mechanics and does not consider the role of the sensory system in the control of human movement.

Neuromechanics of Human Movement, Fourth Edition, provides a scientific foundation to the study of human movement, and as such it uses precise terms and definitions when discussing ideas and utilizing the international metric system (SI). Readers will find an appendix that helps in identifying the SI metric units as well as other learning tools, including a glossary of terms and two other appendixes that cover conversion factors and equations. Throughout the text, the content is visually reinforced with more than 750 illustrations, many of which are new or upgraded from the previous edition and include specific illustrations of the neuromechanics involved in sport and rehabilitation movements. Finally, the text contains more than 1,500 updated references and suggested reading lists for each chapter.

To further enhance this fourth edition, significant content updates have been made to ensure the latest information is presented for both research and clinical environments:

-New coverage regarding electromyography (EMG) that demonstrates the connection between the nervous system and the muscle by measuring the activation signal, allowing readers to better understand how motion is activated

-Additional examples that underscore recent research developments in reaching and grasping activities for rehabilitation

-In-depth coverage of the motor system that addresses excitable membranes, muscle and motor units, and voluntary movement

-Expanded discussion of neuromuscular system adaptations to the aging process

-Neuromuscular system adaptations with particular application to rehabilitation
To encourage a comprehensive learning experience, this updated edition follows a logical progression where each part builds on the material from the previous section. It begins with an introduction to the biomechanical terms and concepts commonly used to describe movement, focusing on the relation between force and motion. Once readers have grasped the basic laws of motion, the text continues by considering the essential neurophysiological concepts that help to explain movement produced by the nervous system and muscle. The author uses a “bottom-up” approach for this explanation that begins with the principles of electricity and extends up to connections within the cerebral cortex. This approach encompasses the essentials of electricity responsible for the excitability of cell membranes and explains the relations between spinal neurons and muscle fibers.

The third and final part of the text concludes by describing the ways in which the motor system adapts to various types of physical stress. These adapative capabilities include altering core temperature, phenomena such as strength and power training, adaptations that occur after periods of reduced activity, motor recovery from injury; and changes that occur with aging. Readers will understand how acute adjustments can be made to the motor system through interventions such as warm-up, flexibility, muscle soreness, and muscle fatigue.

The fourth edition of Neuromechanics of Human Movement provides a scientific basis for the study of human movement while continuing to expand current knowledge in the fields of biomechanics and neurophysiology. By integrating these fields in a unique framework, this text offers professionals and students both valuable clinical information and inspiration to deepen their study of human movement.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Erik H VanIterson, M.S., M.Bio(University of Minnesota School of Kinesiology)
Description: This book effectively explains and demonstrates with examples how the nervous system, muscle, and surrounding environment integrate with one another to affect human movement. It sequentially introduces and builds upon the areas of neuroscience, physiology, and physics to help readers better understand these relationships and their pertinence in understanding how human movement works. The previous edition was published in 2001.
Purpose: This is designed to provide a scientifically based foundation for understanding the interrelationship between the human nervous system and its control over muscle actions to exert forces on the surrounding environment to generate human movement. The book is organized in a well thought out sequential manner, meeting the objectives.
Audience: The audience includes students who are interested in understanding how neuroscience integrates with human movement. Although not an introductory book, it does a good job of covering basic principles and building upon that information in each of the three sections. The author is considered an expert in the field.
Features: Part I introduces the physical laws of motion and mechanics; part II discusses concepts of neurophysiology and the workings of the nervous system and muscles; and part III concludes with motor system responses to interventions and the associated acute or chronic adaptations that might occur as a result. Each section covers a significant amount of information without going into unnecessary detail. The sections cover only the area of that field related to human movement, such as describing motion and movement forces as they relate to human movement in part I. In explaining each topic, the author provides appropriate and descriptive illustrations that are well thought out and helpful in understanding more visually related concepts such as the free-body diagram.
Assessment: This book is more than sufficient as both a review of the basics of the topics and as an update of progress in the field. It will be useful for students who are interested in building a strong understanding of neuroscience, biomechanics, and exercise physiology. The book does a great job of focusing on the subject while filtering out unnecessary information. This fourth edition contains more current scientific research. This is a valuable update in this field, based upon the author's continuing efforts to keep the science behind the discipline current.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736066792
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 6/27/2008
  • Edition description: Fourth Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 560
  • Sales rank: 858,589
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Roger M. Enoka, PhD, is a professor and chair in the department of integrative physiology at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is also a professor in the Health Sciences Center, department of medicine, geriatrics, at the University of Colorado. Previously, Enoka was a biomechanist in the department of biomedical engineering at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and a professor in the department of physiology at the University of Arizona.

For more than 30 years, Enoka has focused his research and teaching on the combination of biomechanics and neurophysiology of movement. He conducts an interdisciplinary research program, which has received continuous funding by the National Institutes of Health for almost two decades. Internationally known for his achievements as a teacher and researcher, Enoka is the author of about 350 journal articles, books, chapters, reviews, and abstracts related to his research. He is also a reviewer for numerous journals and serves on the editorial board for the Journal of Applied Physiology, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Motor Control, Sports Medicine, Muscle and Nerve, and the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports.

Enoka's professional affiliations include the American College of Sports Medicine, the American Physiological Society, International Society of Biomechanics, and the Society for Neuroscience. He is a former member of the Advisory Panel on Research for the American Physical Therapy Association and the Respiratory and Applied Physiology Study Section of the National Institutes of Health. Enoka is also a past president and current member of the American Society of Biomechanics.

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Table of Contents

Part I: The Force–Motion Relation

Chapter 1: Describing Motion
Measurement Rules
Motion Descriptors
Constant Acceleration
Up and Down
Graphic Connections
Scalars and Vectors
Linear and Angular Motion
Curve Fitting and Smoothing
Summary
Suggested Readings

Chapter 2: Movement Forces
Laws of Motion
Free Body Diagram
Torque
Forces Due to Body Mass
Forces Due to the Surroundings
Momentum
Work
Summary
Suggested Readings

Chapter 3: Forces Within the Body
Musculoskeletal Forces
Static Analysis
Dynamic Analysis
Joint Forces, Torques, and Power
Summary
Suggested Readings

Chapter 4: Running, Jumping, and Throwing
Walking and Running
Jumping
Throwing and Kicking
Summary
Suggested Readings

Part II: The Motor System

Chapter 5: Excitable Membranes
Essentials of Electricity
Resting Membrane Potential
Neurons
Synaptic Transmission
Electromyography
Summary
Suggested Readings

Chapter 6: Muscle and Motor Units
Muscle
Excitation-Contraction Coupling
Motor Unit
Muscle Mechanics
Summary
Suggested Readings

Chapter 7: Voluntary Movement
Spinal Reflexes
Automatic Responses
Voluntary Actions
Summary
Suggested Readings

Part III: Adaptability of the Motor System

Chapter 8: Acute Adjustments
Warm-Up Effects
Flexibility
Muscle Soreness and Damage
Muscle Fatigue
Muscle Potentiation
Arousal
Summary
Suggested Reading

Chapter 9: Chronic Adaptations
Muscle Strength
Muscle Power
Adaptation to Reduced Use
Motor Recovery From Injury
Adaptations With Age
Summary
Suggested Reading

Appendix A: SI Units
Appendix B: Conversion Factors
Appendix C: Equations

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