Neuropsychology and the Law

Overview

When the legal system requires neuropsychological assessments, it frequently puts neuropsychology itself on trial. Indeed, in personal injury litigation - a very visible area of neuropsychology as it relates to the legal field - the validity of judgements (medical and legal) and the competence of persons become extraordinarily important issues. New neuropsychological techniques emerge as new legislation develops and, while attorneys question the truth of neuropsychological findings, neuropsychologists look at the...

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Overview

When the legal system requires neuropsychological assessments, it frequently puts neuropsychology itself on trial. Indeed, in personal injury litigation - a very visible area of neuropsychology as it relates to the legal field - the validity of judgements (medical and legal) and the competence of persons become extraordinarily important issues. New neuropsychological techniques emerge as new legislation develops and, while attorneys question the truth of neuropsychological findings, neuropsychologists look at the legal system in a creative and critical way. Neuropsychologists seek to augment and refine traditional assessment tools in response to the complex demands made by the court system. In testimony, neuropsychologists are asked to present complex scientific findings in a language that is not overly technical and not prone to misinterpretation. This book explores many areas of contact between the legal and the neuropsychological fields, and it interests neurologists, neuropsychologists, and neurosurgeons, as well as members of the legal profession.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Addressed to those in either the mental health or the legal profession who are interested in the theoretical and practical problems that arise when the adequacy of neuropsychological function has a bearing on the outcomes of legal decisions. The ten chapters consider such topics as the nature of neuropsychological assessment, the development of technologically sophisticated computer imaging, efforts in cognitive rehabilitation, and special issues such as dealing with children, or workers' compensation cases. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461277989
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 7/31/2012
  • Series: Springer Series in Neuropsychology
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1991
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 295
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.66 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Neuropsychology and Its Applications to the Legal Forum.- Mental Illness Versus Incompetency.- Competence Versus Responsibility.- The Scientific Basis of Neuropsychology.- The Nature of Science and the Needs of the Court.- The Psychometric Methods of Neuropsychology.- The Neuropsychological Assessment.- Summary and Conclusions.- 2 Minor Head Injury and the Post-Concussive Syndrome.- The Importance of Interviewing Collaterals.- Some Special Considerations Regarding Assessment of Children.- Frontal Lobe Tests.- Anosmia and Parosmia.- Dichotic Listening.- The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.- Psychodiagnostic Assessment.- Conclusion.- End Notes.- 3 Workers’ Compensation and Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment.- Workers’ Compensation and Neuropsychological Information.- Role of Clinical Neuropsychology in Workers’ Compensation.- 4 Assessing the Neuropsychological Abilities of Children and Adolescents for Personal Injury Litigation.- Neuropsychologists and Personal Injury Litigation.- Existence of Neuropsychological Impairments.- Consequences of Neuropsychological Impairments.- Causes of Neuropsychological Impairments.- Issues Unique to Children.- Conclusion.- 5 The Assessment of Competency in the Older Adult.- Normal Aging.- Diseases and Disorders.- Assessment.- Summary and Conclusions.- 6 Legal Applications of Electrophysiological Assessments.- Quantitative Measures of Brain Function.- Assessment Needs in Litigation Proceedings.- Further Applications for Electrophysiological Data.- Obstacles and Precautions in the Use of Electrophysiological Data.- Summary and Conclusions.- 7 The Use of Neuroimaging Techniques in Brain Injury.- Techniques.- Regional Brain Function and Behavior.- A Method for Integrating Behavioral and Neuroimaging Data.- Present Limitations and Future Steps.- Implications for Legal Practices.- Conclusions.- 8 The Problems of Prognpsis.- Epidemiology of Brain Trauma.- The Relevance of the Animal Literature.- Neural Responses to Injury.- Mechanisms Associated with Neurological Recovery.- The Problem of Localization.- Focal Versus Diffuse Effects.- Variables Affecting Recovery.- Situations in which Further Deterioration can be Expected.- Prognostic Strategy.- 9 Can Competencies be Retrained? A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Rehabilitation.- Cognitive Competency.- Cognitive Incompetency and Rehabilitation.- Contextual Considerations.- Evaluating Cognitive Rehabilitation: General Issues.- Can Cognitive Competencies be Retrained?.- Rehabilitation and Psychosocial Problems.- Overall Effectiveness of Cognitive Rehabilitation.- Conclusions.- 10 Developing Legislation and the Concept of Disability.- Outdated Concepts and Their Implications: The Case of No Fault Automobile Insurance in Ontario.- The Tort System with No Fault Add On in Ontario.- History of the Debate on Automobile Insurance in Ontario.- The Disability Assessment Model 268 From the Rehab Setting to the Neuropsychological/Legal Evaluation.- Author Index.

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