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Neuropsychology: Clinical and Experimental Foundations / Edition 1

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Overview

Neuropsychology provides an overview of the fascinating clinical evidence that gave rise to the field of human neuropsychology and reviews the latest experimental evidence. Unlike most neuropsychology textbooks that discuss intact functional systems (such as the visual system) separately from discussions of what happens when the system is damaged, this text integrates the material, making it easier from which to teach, and much more engaging from which to learn.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205343614
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 3/1/2005
  • Series: MySearchLab Series 15% off Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 560
  • Sales rank: 617,094
  • Product dimensions: 7.70 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Neuropsychology

1.1 Introduction to Neuropsychology

1.1.1 The 10% Myth

1.1.2 What is Neuropsychology?

1.1.3 Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology

1.1.4 The Mind-Body problem

1.2 The Recent History of Neuropsychology

1.2.1 Cataloguing the Effects of Lesions.

1.2.2 Focus on the Neuron.

1.2.3 The Brain Mappers.

1.2.4 Functional Neurosurgery.

1.2.5 The Paradigm Shift in Neuropsychology

2. Neuroanatomy

2.1 Cells of the Nervous System.

2.1.1 Neurons & Glia: Structure and Function

2.1.2 Communication within the Neuron: The Action Potential

2.1.3 Communication between Neurons: The Synapse

2.1.4 Neurotransmitters

2.2 The Nervous System.

2.2.1 Positional Terms

2.2.2. Divisions of the Nervous System

2.2.3 Spinal Cord.2.2.4 Divisions of the Brain

2.2.5 Hindbrain

2.2.6 Midbrain

2.2.7 Forebrain

2.2.8 Connections between the two halves of the brain

2.2.9 Cranial Nerves

2.2.10 Blood Supply

2.2.11 Protection

2.2.11.1 Bone

2.2.11.2 The Meninges

2.2.11.3 The Ventricular System

2.2.11.4 The Blood-Brain Barrier.

3. Techniques in Neuropsychology

3.1 Study of the damaged nervous system.

3.1.1. The Scientific Method

3.1.2 Non-human animal models

3.1.3 Cognitive testing.

3.2 Brain Imaging.

3.2.1 Structural Imaging

3.2.2 Electrophysiological Measures

3.2.3 Functional imaging

4. Laterality

4.1 Methods.

4.1.1 Split brain

4.1.2 Sodium Amytal

4.1.3 Dichotic Listening

4.1.4 Tachistoscopic Presentations

4.1.5 Dual Task Paradigms

4.2 Neuroanatomical, Neurochemical, and Behavioral Findings.

4.2.1 Neuroanatomical asymmetries

4.2.2 Neurochemical asymmetries

4.2.3 Functional asymmetries

4.3 Why is there Hemispheric Specialization?

4.3.1 Environmental theories

4.3.2 Genetic theories

4.3.3 Developmental theories

4.3.4 Evolutionary theories.

5. The Sensorimotor System

5.1 Sensorimotor System.

5.1.1 Why sensorimotor?

5.1.2 Somatosensory receptors

5.1.3. Somatosensory pathways in the brain

5.1.4 Association Cortex

5.1.5 Secondary Motor Cortex

5.1.6 Primary Motor Cortex

5.1.7 Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum.

5.1.8 Descending and Ascending Motor Pathways

5.2 Deficits in the Sensorimotor System.

5.2.1 Cortical Sensorimotor Disorders

5.2.2 Subcortical Motor Disorders

6. Sensation and Perception: Vision

6.1 Organization of sensory systems.

6.1.1 Hierarchical Organization

6.1.2 Segregation

6.1.3 Parallel Processing

6.2 Visual System.

6.2.1 Light: Stimulus for the visual system

6.2.2 The Eye and Retina

6.2.3 Retino-geniculate-striate system

6.2.4 Dorsal and Ventral Stream of Processing

6.3 Deficits in the Visual System.

6.3.1 Agnosia.

6.3.2 Optic Aphasia

6.3.3 Blindsight

7. Memory

7.1 Types of Memories.

7.1.1 Working Memory and Short-term Memory.

7.1.2 Long-term Memory

7.2 Disorders of Memory.

7.2.1 Amnesia: Retrograde and Anterograde

7.2.2 Dementias

8. Hearing and Language Processing

8.1 Auditory System.

8.1.1 Sound

8.1.2 The Ear

8.1.3 Auditory Pathways

8.1.4 Auditory Cortices

8.2 Language systems in the brain.

8.2.1 Models of Spoken Language

8.2.2 Models of Visual Language

8.2.3 Prosody and the Role of the Right Hemisphere in Language Processing.

8.2.4 Interim Summary

8.3 Disorders of Language and Auditory Perception.

8.3.1 Aphasia

8.3.2 Subtypes of acquired alexia

8.3.2 Alexia without agraphia

8.3.3 Agraphia without alexia

8.3.4 Subtypes of acquired agraphia

8.3.5 Aprosodias

9. Emotion

9.1 Emotion.

9.1.1 What is emotion? How does it differ from motivation?

9.1.2 Theories of emotion

9.1.3 Laterality of emotion

9.1.4 Role of subcortical structures in emotion.

9.1.5 Role of cortex in emotion

9.2 Disorders of Emotion.

9.2.1 Brain Damage and Lack of Affect

9.2.2 Klüver-Bucy Syndrome

9.2.3 Mood Disorders

10. Spatial Ability

10.1 Spatial Ability.

10.1.1 What is Spatial Ability?

10.1.2 Hemispheric Representation of Space

10.1.3 Parietal Lobes

10.1.4 Frontal Lobes

10.1.5 Temporal Lobes

10.1.6 Personal Representations of Space

10.1.7 Extrapersonal Space.

10.2 Disorders of Spatial Ability.

10.2.1 Disturbances in Personal Space

10.2.2 Disturbances of Extrapersonal Space

10.2.3 Balint-Holmes Syndrome.

11. Attention and Consciousness

11.1 Studying Attention.

11.1.1 Early versus late selection

11.1.2 How does attention shift? Voluntary versus Reflexive Orienting

11.1.3 Neural system(s) subserving attention

11.2 Studying Consciousness.

11.2.1 Defining Consciousness

11.2.2 The neural basis of consciousness

11.2.3 Methods of Studying Consciousness

11.3 Disorders of Attention and Consciousness.

11.3.1 Blindsight

11.3.2 Spatial Neglect

11.3.3 Bálint-Holmes syndrome.

12. Humans, Human Brains, and Evolution

12.1 Evolution of Humans.

12.1.1 Principles of Evolution

12.1.2 Hominid Evolution

12.1.3 Evolution of the Nervous System

12.1.4 Inferences

12.2 Evolution and Behavior.

12.2.1 Evolution and Behavior

12.2.2 Evolutionary Psychology

13. Neural Development and Developmental Disorders

13.1 Neural Development

13.1.1 Early Development

13.1.2 Post Natal development

13.1.2.1 Parietal Lobe Development

13.1.2.2 Occipital Lobe Development

13.1.2.3 Temporal Lobe Development

13.1.2.4 Frontal Lobe Development

13.2 Disorders of Development

13.2.1 Potential Causes of Developmental Abnormalities

13.2.2 Developmental Dyslexia

13.2.3 Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

13.2.4 Autism

14. Human Brain Damage

14.1 Causes of Brain Damage.

14.1.1 Tumors

14.1.1.1 Tumors arising from glial cells.

14.1.1.2 Tumors arising from the meninges

14.1.1.3 Metastatic tumors

14.1.2 Cerebrovascular Disorders

14.1.3 Head Injuries

14.1.3.1 Traumatic Brain Injury

14.1.3.2 Closed versus Open head Injury

14.1.4 Infections

14.1.5 Neurotoxins

14.2 Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases.

14.2.1 The Epilepsies.

14.2.2 Multiple Sclerosis and Amyotrophic Lateralizing Sclerosis

14.2.3 Schizophrenia

14.2.4 Mood Disorders

15. Neuropsychological Assessment

15.1 Participants in a Neuropsychological Assessment.

15.1.1 The Client

15.1.2 The Neurologist

15.1.3 The Radiologist.

15.1.4 The Clinical Neuropsychologist

15.2 The Assessment.

15.2.1 Neuropsychological Assessment

15.2.2 Test Batteries

15.2.3 Which test to use?

15.2.4 Issues in Neuropsychological Assessment

16. Recovery of Function

16.1 Neural Degeneration, Regeneration and Reorganization.

16.1.1 Degeneration

16.1.2 Regeneration

16.1.3 Reorganization

16.2 Therapeutic Interventions.

16.2.1 Rehabilitation

16.2.2 Transplantation

16.2.3 Stem Cells

16.2.4 Genetic Engineering

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