Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain / Edition 1

Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain / Edition 1

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by Mark F. Bear, Barry Connors, Michael Paradiso
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0683004883

ISBN-13: 9780683004885

Pub. Date: 12/28/1995

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

In its first two editions, this text pioneered a fresh, contemporary approach to undergraduate neuroscience with a biological emphasis. It quickly became the preferred neuroscience text by both faculty and students. This new third edition will take you further, with a more refined approach, new information on emerging trends and discoveries, and much more.

Written

Overview

In its first two editions, this text pioneered a fresh, contemporary approach to undergraduate neuroscience with a biological emphasis. It quickly became the preferred neuroscience text by both faculty and students. This new third edition will take you further, with a more refined approach, new information on emerging trends and discoveries, and much more.

Written specifically to speak to students and stimulate critical thought. Typical neuroscience texts assume that readers possess extensive prior knowledge of biology, chemistry, and physics, while physiological psychology texts often fail to cover the neurobiology that is essential to understanding brain function. Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain strikes the perfect balance, providing a clear, reader-friendly writing style that makes even the most difficult neurobiological principles easy to learn and remember.

A good thing made even better. The authors have expanded on strengths of previous editions by incorporating valuable classroom feedback provided by students and faculty. Now, for the first time, a robust package of ancillaries is available for both students and instructors. These bonus ancillaries will add power to instruction and learning-

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780683004885
Publisher:
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date:
12/28/1995
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
666
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 11.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
User's Guidexiii
Acknowledgmentsxviii
Path of Discovery Authorsxix
Part IFoundations1
Chapter 1Neuroscience: Past, Present, and Future3
Introduction4
The Origins of Neuroscience4
Neuroscience Today13
Concluding Remarks20
Chapter 2Neurons and Glia23
Introduction24
The Neuron Doctrine24
The Prototypical Neuron28
Classifying Neurons45
Glia46
Concluding Remarks48
Chapter 3The Neuronal Membrane at Rest51
Introduction52
The Cast of Chemicals53
The Movement of Ions59
The Ionic Basis of the Resting Membrane Potential61
Concluding Remarks71
Chapter 4The Action Potential75
Introduction76
Properties of the Action Potential76
The Action Potential, in Theory80
The Action Potential, in Reality82
Action Potential Conduction93
Action Potentials, Axons, and Dendrites97
Divergence and Convergence in Neurotransmitter Systems164
Concluding Remarks164
Chapter 7The Structure of the Nervous System167
Introduction168
Gross Organization of the Mammalian Nervous System168
Understanding CNS Structure Through Development178
A Guide to the Cerebral Cortex195
Concluding Remarks199
AppendixAn Illustrated Guide to Human Neuroanatomy205
Part IISensory and Motor Systems249
Chapter 8The Chemical Senses251
Introduction252
Taste252
Smell263
Concluding Remarks98
Chapter 5Synaptic Transmission101
Introduction102
Types of Synapses103
Principles of Chemical Synaptic Transmission111
Principles of Synaptic Integration122
Concluding Remarks130
Chapter 6Neurotransmitter Systems133
Introduction134
Studying Neurotransmitter Systems135
Neurotransmitter Chemistry141
Transmitter-Gated Channels152
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors and Effectors157
Concluding Remarks274
Chapter 9The Eye277
Introduction278
Properties of Light279
The Structure of the Eye280
Image Formation by the Eye283
Microscopic Anatomy of the Retina288
Phototransduction292
Retinal Output300
Concluding Remarks306
Chapter 10The Central Visual System309
Introduction310
The Retinofugal Projection310
The Lateral Geniculate Nucleus315
Anatomy of the Striate Cortex318
Physiology of the Striate Cortex324
Beyond Striate Cortex333
From Single Neurons to Perception337
Concluding Remarks340
Chapter 11The Auditory and Vestibular Systems343
Introduction344
The Nature of Sound344
The Structure of the Auditory System347
The Middle Ear348
The Inner Ear351
Central Auditory Processes363
Encoding Sound Intensity and Frequency365
Mechanisms of Sound Localization368
Auditory Cortex372
The Vestibular System376
Concluding Remarks384
Chapter 12The Somatic Sensory System387
Introduction388
Touch388
Pain408
Temperature418
Concluding Remarks421
Chapter 13Spinal Control of Movement423
Introduction424
The Somatic Motor System424
The Lower Motor Neuron426
Excitation-Contraction Coupling432
Spinal Control of Motor Units437
Concluding Remarks449
Chapter 14Brain Control of Movement451
Introduction452
Descending Spinal Tracts453
The Planning of Movement by the Cerebral Cortex459
The Basal Ganglia464
The Initiation of Movement by Primary Motor Cortex468
The Cerebellum472
Concluding Remarks477
Part IIIThe Brain and Behavior479
Chapter 15Chemical Control of the Brain and Behavior481
Introduction482
The Secretory Hypothalamus484
The Autonomic Nervous System490
The Diffuse Modulatory Systems of the Brain498
Concluding Remarks507
Chapter 16Motivation509
Introduction510
The Hypothalamus, Homeostasis, and Motivated Behavior510
The Long-Term Regulation of Feeding Behavior511
The Short-Term Regulation of Feeding Behavior519
Why Do We Eat?522
Other Motivated Behaviors527
Concluding Remarks530
Chapter 17Sex and the Brain533
Introduction534
Sex and Gender534
The Hormonal Control of Sex537
The Neural Basis of Sexual Behaviors541
Why and How Male and Female Brains Differ546
Concluding Remarks560
Chapter 18Brain Mechanisms of Emotion563
Introduction564
What is Emotion?564
The Limbic System Concept568
The Amygdala and Associated Brain Circuits572
Concluding Remarks582
Chapter 19Brain Rhythms and Sleep585
Introduction586
The Electroencephalogram586
Sleep594
Circadian Rhythms607
Concluding Remarks615
Chapter 20Language617
Introduction618
The Discovery of Specialized Language Areas in the Brain618
Types of Aphasia621
Asymmetrical Language Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres628
Language Studies using Brain Stimulation and Brain Imaging632
Concluding Remarks641
Chapter 21Attention643
Introduction644
Physiological Effects of Attention649
How is Attention Directed?656
Concluding Remarks658
Chapter 22Mental Illness661
Introduction662
Mental Illness and the Brain662
Anxiety Disorders665
Affective Disorders673
Schizophrenia679
Concluding Remarks684
Part IVThe Changing Brain687
Chapter 23Wiring the Brain689
Introduction690
The Genesis of Neurons691
The Genesis of Connections697
The Elimination of Cells and Synapses704
Activity-Dependent Synaptic Rearrangement708
Elementary Mechanisms of Cortical Synaptic Plasticity716
Why Critical Periods End720
Concluding Remarks722
Chapter 24Memory Systems725
Introduction726
Types of Memory and Amnesia726
The Search for the Engram731
The Temporal Lobes and Declarative Memory738
The Striatum and Procedural Memory751
The Neocortex and Working Memory754
Concluding Remarks758
Chapter 25Molecular Mechanisms of Learning and Memory761
Introduction762
Procedural Learning763
Simple Systems: Invertebrate Models of Learning765
Vertebrate Models of Learning772
The Molecular Basis of Long-Term Memory787
Concluding Remarks792

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Neuroscience 4.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews.
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this book is outstanding!! It truly makes neuroscience as interesting as it should be. This book tries to exclude some of the more complicated medical terms, and if it uses them, it makes sure to explain them throughly. Perfect book for undergrads.