The fourth volume of The New Cambridge Medieval History covers the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which comprised the most dynamic period in the European Middle Ages. The first of two parts, this volume deals with ecclesiastical and secular themes, in addition to major developments such as the expansion of population, agriculture, trade, and towns; the radical reform of the Western Church; the appearance of new kingdoms and states, the Crusades, knighthood and law; and the development of literature, art and architecture, heresies and the scholastic movement.
Introduction Jonathan Riley-Smith and David Luscombe; 1. The rural economy and demographic growth Robert Fossier; 2. Towns and the growth of trade Derek Keene; 3. Government and community, 1024–1204 Susan Reynolds; 4. The development of law Peter Landau; 5. Knightly society Jean Flori; 6. War, peace and the Christian order, 1024–1204 Ernst-Dieter Hehl; 7. The structure of the church, 1024–1073 H. E. J. Cowdrey; 8. Reform and the church, 1073–1122 I. S. Robinson; 9. Religious communities, 1024–1215 Giles Constable; 10. The institutions of the church, 1073–1216 I. S. Robinson; 11. Thought and learning D. E. Luscombe; 12. Religion and laity (including popular devotions and heresy) Bernard Hamilton; 13. The crusades, 1095–1198 Jonathan Riley-Smith; 14. The eastern churches Jean Richard; 15. Muslim Spain and Portugal: al-Andalus and its neighbours, 1025–1198 Hugh Kennedy; 16. The Jews in Europe and the Mediterranean basin in the eleventh and twelfth centuries Robert Chazan; 17. Literature (Latin and vernacular) Jan Ziolkowski; 18. Romanesque and gothic: architecture and the arts Patrick Kidson; List of primary sources; Bibliography of secondary sources arranged by chapter; Index of manuscripts.