New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin / Edition 1

New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin / Edition 1

by Andrew L. Sihler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195083458

ISBN-13: 9780195083453

Pub. Date: 01/28/1995

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Like Carl Darling Buck's Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin (1933), this book is an explanation of the similarities and differences between Greek and Latin morphology and lexicon through an account of their prehistory. It also aims to discuss the principal features of Indo-European linguistics. Greek and Latin are studied as a pair for cultural reasons only; as

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Overview

Like Carl Darling Buck's Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin (1933), this book is an explanation of the similarities and differences between Greek and Latin morphology and lexicon through an account of their prehistory. It also aims to discuss the principal features of Indo-European linguistics. Greek and Latin are studied as a pair for cultural reasons only; as languages, they have little in common apart from their Indo-European heritage. Thus the only way to treat the historical bases for their development is to begin with Proto-Indo-European. The only way to make a reconstructed language like Proto-Indo-European intelligible and intellectually defensible is to present at least some of the basis for reconstructing its features and, in the process, to discuss reasoning and methodology of reconstruction (including a weighing of alternative reconstructions). The result is a compendious handbook of Indo-European phonology and morphology, and a vade mecum of Indo-European linguistics—the focus always remaining on Greek and Latin. The non-classical sources for historical discussion are mainly Vedic Sanskrit, Hittite, and Germanic, with occasional but crucial contributions from Old Irish, Avestan, Baltic, and Slavic.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195083453
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
01/28/1995
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
720
Product dimensions:
9.20(w) x 6.50(h) x 1.60(d)
Lexile:
1290L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Pt. IIntroduction
The Indo-European family of languages 1-111
Greek 12-57
Latin and the italic languages 16-2112
The Greek and Latin signaries 22-717
Notes on citation and transcription 28-3524
Pt. IIPhonology
Vowels and diphthongs 36-12935
Short vowels in initial syllables 36-4835
Long vowels and vowel + laryngeal 49-5646
Diphthongs (initial syllables) 57-6452
Vowels in medial and final syllables in Latin 65-7559
Phonetics of long and short vowels 76-871
Lengthening and shortening of vowels in Greek 7974
Syncope in Greek 8075
Lengthening of vowels in Latin 8175
Shortening of vowels in Latin 82-577
Contraction of vowels in Greek 86-780
Contraction of vowels in Latin 8883
Prothetic vowels in Greek 89-9085
Vowel assimilation in Greek 9188
Anaptyxis in Latin 9290
Syllabic consonants 93-10990
Vowel gradation - ablaut 110-29108
Disyllabic roots 121-3124
Reduced grades 124128
Conditions and causes of PIE ablaut 125129
Lengthened grades 126130
Distribution of PIE ablaut grades 127-9131
Consonants 130-241135
Stops 131-64136
Bilabial stops 140-3145
Apical stops 144-51147
Dorsal stops 152-64151
Laryngeals 165-7165
Pie *s 168-74168
Liquids, nasals, and glides 175-207173
Liquids and Nasals 176-7174
Glides 178-207175
PIE *w 182-90178
PIE *y 191-207187
Changes in groups of consonants 208-31196
Stop + stop 210-2199
Stop + *s 213-5203
Nasal + consonant 216-8205
Stop + nasal 219-22206
Groups containing a liquid 223-4209
Groups containing *s 225-9213
Groups of three or more consonants 230-1218
Shortening of long (double) consonants 232222
Lengthening of consonants 233-4223
Assimilation and dissimilation of non-contiguous consonants. Metathesis 235224
Final consonants 236-7226
Sandhi - changes in external combination 238-41231
Accent 242-8233
PIE accent 242233
Greek 243-5235
Latin 246-8239
Pt. IIIDeclension
Parts of speech 249-50243
Indo-European nominals 251-359244
Nouns 255-336248
Case-endings 255-7248
o-stems (second declension) 258-61256
eH[subscript 2]-stems (first declension) 262-70266
Consonant stems 271-301278
Root nouns and nouns ending in a stop 274-8281
r-stems and n-stems 279-89287
r/n-stems 290-2298
Greek [tau]-stem neuters originally belonging to other stem types 293302
m-stems, l-stems 294303
s-stems 295-301305
i-stems 302-9311
u- and u-stems 310-8319
Diphthongal stems 319-29328
Latin fifth declension 330-1341
Varia 332-6343
Declension of adjectives 337-47348
o/a-stem adjectives 337-9348
u-stem adjectives 340-1349
i-stem adjectives 342352
Consonant-stem adjectives 343-7353
Comparison of adjectives 348-59356
Pt. IVPronouns
Personal pronouns 360-70369
Possessive pronouns 371382
Greek reflexive pronouns 372383
Greek reciprocal pronouns 373383
Demonstrative, interrogative, indefinite, & relative pronouns 374-85384
Pt. V

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