New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin / Edition 1

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Like Carl Darling Buck's Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin (1933), this book is an explanation of the similarities and differences between Greek and Latin morphology and lexicon through an account of their prehistory. It also aims to discuss the principal features of Indo-European linguistics. Greek and Latin are studied as a pair for cultural reasons only; as languages, they have little in common apart from their Indo-European heritage. Thus the only way to treat the historical bases for their development is to begin with Proto-Indo-European. The only way to make a reconstructed language like Proto-Indo-European intelligible and intellectually defensible is to present at least some of the basis for reconstructing its features and, in the process, to discuss reasoning and methodology of reconstruction (including a weighing of alternative reconstructions). The result is a compendious handbook of Indo-European phonology and morphology, and a vade mecum of Indo-European linguistics—the focus always remaining on Greek and Latin. The non-classical sources for historical discussion are mainly Vedic Sanskrit, Hittite, and Germanic, with occasional but crucial contributions from Old Irish, Avestan, Baltic, and Slavic.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...classicists, but especially linguists and Indo-Europeanists, will be grateful to Sihler for undertaking and completing successfully the enormous task of providing them with a modern comparative grammar of Greek and Latin."—Classical World

"...a clear exhaustive presentation of the facts....We have to be thankful to the author for offering us a reliable guide for further study in the historical linguistics of the classical languages."—The Journal of Indo-European Studies

"Teachers of Greek and Latin grammar will do well to consult this work..."—Religious Studies Review

"...the author's erudition is evident on every page, and the discussion includes many persuasive insights into the countless phenomena it ranges over....a book which no Indo-Europeanist can afford to ignore..."—The Classical Journal

"...the [New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin] ...applies wide learning and prodigious labor toward filling many of the serious gaps that the present century had opened, or widened, in Buck's essentially nineteenth-century work."—lassical Views

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195083453
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/28/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 720
  • Lexile: 1290L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 9.20 (w) x 6.50 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Andrew L. Sihler is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

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Table of Contents

Pt. I Introduction
The Indo-European family of languages 1-11 1
Greek 12-5 7
Latin and the italic languages 16-21 12
The Greek and Latin signaries 22-7 17
Notes on citation and transcription 28-35 24
Pt. II Phonology
Vowels and diphthongs 36-129 35
Short vowels in initial syllables 36-48 35
Long vowels and vowel + laryngeal 49-56 46
Diphthongs initial syllables 57-64 52
Vowels in medial and final syllables in Latin 65-75 59
Phonetics of long and short vowels 76-8 71
Lengthening and shortening of vowels in Greek 79 74
Syncope in Greek 80 75
Lengthening of vowels in Latin 81 75
Shortening of vowels in Latin 82-5 77
Contraction of vowels in Greek 86-7 80
Contraction of vowels in Latin 88 83
Prothetic vowels in Greek 89-90 85
Vowel assimilation in Greek 91 88
Anaptyxis in Latin 92 90
Syllabic consonants 93-109 90
Vowel gradation - ablaut 110-29 108
Disyllabic roots 121-3 124
Reduced grades 124 128
Conditions and causes of PIE ablaut 125 129
Lengthened grades 126 130
Distribution of PIE ablaut grades 127-9 131
Consonants 130-241 135
Stops 131-64 136
Bilabial stops 140-3 145
Apical stops 144-51 147
Dorsal stops 152-64 151
Laryngeals 165-7 165
Pie *s 168-74 168
Liquids, nasals, and glides 175-207 173
Liquids and Nasals 176-7 174
Glides 178-207 175
PIE *w 182-90 178
PIE *y 191-207 187
Changes in groups of consonants 208-31 196
Stop + stop 210-2 199
Stop + *s 213-5 203
Nasal + consonant 216-8 205
Stop + nasal 219-22 206
Groups containing a liquid 223-4 209
Groups containing *s 225-9 213
Groups of three or more consonants 230-1 218
Shortening of long double consonants 232 222
Lengthening of consonants 233-4 223
Assimilation and dissimilation of non-contiguous consonants. Metathesis 235 224
Final consonants 236-7 226
Sandhi - changes in external combination 238-41 231
Accent 242-8 233
PIE accent 242 233
Greek 243-5 235
Latin 246-8 239
Pt. III Declension
Parts of speech 249-50 243
Indo-European nominals 251-359 244
Nouns 255-336 248
Case-endings 255-7 248
o-stems second declension 258-61 256
eH[subscript 2]-stems first declension 262-70 266
Consonant stems 271-301 278
Root nouns and nouns ending in a stop 274-8 281
r-stems and n-stems 279-89 287
r/n-stems 290-2 298
Greek [tau]-stem neuters originally belonging to other stem types 293 302
m-stems, l-stems 294 303
s-stems 295-301 305
i-stems 302-9 311
u- and u-stems 310-8 319
Diphthongal stems 319-29 328
Latin fifth declension 330-1 341
Varia 332-6 343
Declension of adjectives 337-47 348
o/a-stem adjectives 337-9 348
u-stem adjectives 340-1 349
i-stem adjectives 342 352
Consonant-stem adjectives 343-7 353
Comparison of adjectives 348-59 356
Pt. IV Pronouns
Personal pronouns 360-70 369
Possessive pronouns 371 382
Greek reflexive pronouns 372 383
Greek reciprocal pronouns 373 383
Demonstrative, interrogative, indefinite, & relative pronouns 374-85 384
Pt. V
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