New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics / Edition 1

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Overview

This volume is the outgrowth of a workshop held in October, 2000 at the Institute for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics at the Harvard- Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, MA. The aim of this book (similar in theme to the workshop) is to present an overview of new directions in antimatter physics and chemistry research. The emphasis is on positron and positronium interactions both with themselves and with ordinary matter. The timeliness of this subject comes from several considerations. New concepts for intense positron sources and the development of positron accumulators and trap-based positron beams provide qualitatively new experimental capabilities. On the theoretical side, the ability to model complex systems and complex processes has increased dramatically in recent years, due in part to progress in computational physics. There are presently an intriguing variety of phenomena that await theoretical explanation. It is virtually assured that the new experimental capabilities in this area will lead to a rapid expansion of this list. This book is organized into four sections: The first section discusses potential new experimental capabilities and the uses and the progress that might be made with them. The second section discusses topics involving antihydrogen and many-body phenomena, including Bose condensation of positronium atoms and positron interactions with materials. The final two sections treat a range of topics involving positron and positronium interactions with atoms and molecules.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792371526
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 8/31/2001
  • Edition description: 2001
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 850
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
I Positron Sources and Beams
1 A laser-cooled positron plasma 1
2 Trap-based positron beams 21
3 Intense radioisotope sources for spin polarized positron beams 35
II Antihydrogen Bose-Condensed Positronium, and Positrons in Materials
4 Collisions of H and H 47
5 Positron physics in a new perspective: Low-energy antihydrogen scattering by simple atoms and molecules 53
6 The Bose-Einstein condensation of positronium in submicron cavities 83
7 Cooling and quenching of positronium in porous material 101
8 New experiments with bright positron and positronium beams 115
9 Positron states in materials: density functional and quantum monte carlo studies 127
10 Depth-profiled positron annihilation spectroscopy of thin insulating films 151
III Positron and Positronium Interactions with Atoms
11 The scattering of positrons and positronium by atomic targets 173
12 Positronic atoms 199
13 Perspectives on physics with low energy positrons: fundamentals, beams and scattering 223
14 Positron chemistry by quantum monte carlo 235
15 Antimatter compounds 263
16 Positronium-atom/molecule interactions: momentum-transfer cross sections and Z[subscript eff] 291
17 Correlations between cross sections and threshold energies for positronium formation and direct ionization 303
IV Positron and Positronium Interactions with Molecules
18 Scattering of positronium atom off atomic hydrogen and helium targets 323
19 Atomic and molecular physics using positron traps and trap-based beams 345
20 Experimental studies of positron scattering using a weak radioactive isotope source 367
21 Future opportunities in positron-atom (molecule) scattering 391
22 Theory of positron annihilation on molecules 413
23 Bound states of positron with molecules 437
24 Low-energy positron dynamics in polyatomic gases 451
25 A test calculation on SF[subscript 6] of model potentials for correlation and polarization effects in positron scattering from molecules 475
26 On the contribution of polarization-correlation forces to high annihilation rates in positron-molecule collisions 493
Author Index 503
Index 505
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