New Essays on Human Understanding Abridged edition / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $13.85
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 65%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (12) from $13.85   
  • New (8) from $34.13   
  • Used (4) from $13.85   


This is an abridgement of the complete translation of the New Essays, first published in 1981, designed for use as a study text. The material extraneous to philosophy - more than a third of the original - and the glossary of notes have been cut and a philosophical introduction and bibliography of work on Leibniz have been provided by the translators. The marginal pagination has been retained for ease of cross-reference to the full edition. The work itself is an acknowledged philosophical classic, in which Leibniz argues point by point with Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding. The result is the single most important confrontation between the philosophical traditions of rationalism and empiricism. It makes an extremely suitable focus for the study of Leibniz's thought and of those two traditions in relation to one another.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521285391
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/2009
  • Edition description: Abridged edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.71 (d)

Table of Contents

Editors Introduction; Preface; Part I. Of Innate Notions: 1. Whether there are innate principles in the mind of man; 2. That there are no innate practical principles; 3. Other considerations concerning innate principles, both speculative and practical; Part II. Of Idea: 4. In which we discuss ideas in general and incidentally consider whether the soul of man always thinks; 5. Of simple ideas; 6. Of ideas of one sense; 7. Of solidity; 8. Of simple ideas of several sense; 9. Of simple ideas of reflection; 10. Of ideas of both sensation and reflection; 11. Some further considerations concerning simple ideas; 12. Of perception; 13. Of retention; 14. Of discerning or the faculty of distinguishing ideas; 15. Of complex ideas; 16. Of simple modes, and first, of the simple modes of space; 17. Of duration and its simple modes; 18. Of duration and expansion, considered together; 19. Of number; 20. Of infinity; 21. Of other simple modes; 22. Of the modes of thinking; 23. Of modes of pleasure and pain; 24. Of power and freedom; 25. Of mixed modes; 26. Of our complex ideas of substances; 27. Of collective ideas of substances; 28. Of relation; 29. Of cause and effect and other relations; 30. What identity or diversity is; 31. Of certain other relations, especially moral relations; 32. Of clear and obscure, distinct and confused ideas; 33. Of real and chimerical ideas; 34. Of complete and incomplete ideas; 35. Of true and false ideas; 36. Of the association of ideas; Part III. Of Words: 37. Of words or language in general; 38. Of the signification of words; 39. Of general terms; 40. Of the names of simple ideas; 41. Of the names of mixed modes and relations; 42. Of the names of substances; 43. Of particles; 44. Of abstract and concrete terms; 45. Of the imperfection of words; 46. Of the abuse of words; 47. Of the remedies of the foregoing imperfections and abuses; Part IV. Of Knowledge: 48. Of knowledge in general; 49. Of the degrees of our knowledge; 50. Of the extent of human knowledge; 51. Of the reality of our knowledge; 52. Of truth in general; 53. Of universal propositions, their truth and certainty; 54. Of the propositions which are named maxims or axioms; 55. Of trifling propositions; 56. Of our knowledge of our existence; 57. Of our knowledge of the existence of God; 58. Of our knowledge of the existence of other things; 59. Of ways of increasing our knowledge; 60. Some further considerations concerning our knowledge; 61. Of judgement; 62. Of probability; 63. Of the degrees of assent; 64. Of reason; 65. Of faith and reason, and their distinct provinces; 66. Of enthusiasm; 67. Of error; 68. Of the division of the sciences; Bibliography; Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)