A New History of Social Welfare / Edition 1by Phyllis J. Day
Pub. Date: 10/01/1988
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
This revision traces the evolution of the concept of social welfare and presents a sweeping view of the history of social welfare programs from prehistory through the 1990s. The author takes a feminist perspective and integrates coverage of women's and minority issues into the development of our present social welfare system. Particular attention is paid to the issues of poverty and social and economic justice. This edition includes coverage of the new welfare reform act or TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families), including the political and economic implications for the poor, particularly women and children. In addition, the new edition deals more fully with global economic issues affecting social welfare in all countries. Chapter 13 now includes more information on transnational corporations and the global economy. Chapter 13 also includes new coverage of managed health care and case management. For anyone interested in social welfare or social policy.
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Table of Contents
Each chapter concludes with "Endnotes."
1. Values in Social Welfare.
Values in Social Welfare.
American Social Values.
Issues of Discrimination.
Conclusion: Values and Power.
2. The Institution of Social Welfare.
The Meaning of Social Institution.
Perspectives on Social Welfare.
The Scope of Social Welfare.
The Profession of Social Work.
Conclusion: Social Work and Social Control.
3. The Beginnings of Social Welfare: Political Economy and Early Societies.
Prehistory and Social Welfare to 6000 B.C.
The Beginnings of History: 6000-3000 B.C.
Invasion, Conquest, and Patriarchal Religion.
Moving into the Iron Age: 1200-400 B.C.
Greece, Christianity, and the Roman Empire.
Conclusion: Beginnings of Charity and Control.
4. Feudalism and the Welfare State.
The Dark and Middle Ages.
The Dissolution of Feudalism.
Poverty Becomes a Crime.
The Protestant Reformation: New Meanings for Work and Welfare.
Social Welfare in England: The Tudor Period.
The Industrial Revolution and the Emergence of Capitalism.
Conclusion: Reifying the Values of the Past.
5. Welfare Moves to America.
The Indigenous Peoples of America.
The European Invasion.
Social Welfare in the Colonies.
Slavery in the Americas.
Toward the Revolution.
The New Nation and Its Constitution.
Conclusion: Revolution to the Status Quo.
6. America to the Civil War.
The First Civil Rights Movement.
Social Treatment in the1800s.
Nonwhite Minorities: Expendable Commodities in the New Nation.
The Women's Movement in the 1800s.
Conclusion: Working Toward Freedom.
7. The American Welfare State Begins.
The Civil War: A New Nation Emerges.
After the Civil War.
Postwar Political Economy.
Population, Immigration, and the People.
Emerging Philosophies and Social Welfare.
Public Welfare Efforts.
Professionalization of Social Work.
Conclusion: Moving toward Reform.
8. The Progressive Era, War, and Recovery.
The Progressive Era.
Population Movements and Immigration.
Oppression of African and Native Americans.
Labor and the Unions.
Social Welfare in the Progressive Era.
Women's Movements and Peace Protests.
The Professionalization of Social Work.
Conclusion: New Freedoms and Old Constraints.
9. The Great Depression and Social Security for Americans.
The Great Depression.
Social Insurance in the United States.
Programs of Social Insurance Based on the Social Security Act.
Public Assistance Programs of the Social Security Act.
The Professionalization of Social Work.
World War II.
The Resurgence of Social Work.
Conclusion: Moving toward the Future.
10. Civil and Welfare Rights in the New Reform Era.
The State of the Nation Under Eisenhower.
Social Programs in the 1950s.
Civil Rights Before Kennedy.
Civil Rights in the Kennedy Years.
Johnson and the Great Society.
Civil Rights in the Kennedy-Johnson Years.
Social Programs in the Kennedy-Johnson Years.
Welfare, Civil Rights, and the Social Work Profession.
Conclusion: Looking Back on the 1960s.
11. The Return to the Past.
A Retreat from the Welfare State.
Social Programs in the 1970s.
Civil Rights in the 1970s.
Conclusion: Tightening the Reins.
12. The Reactionary Vision.
Biting the Conservative Bullet.
Reaganomics: The Conservative Political Economy.
The New Federalism.
Pruning the Programs.
Basic Needs Programs.
Civil Rights Under Reagan and Bush.
The Costs of Social Welfare.
The International Element.
Conclusion: Past Ideology in a Postindustrial World.
13. The Synergistic Cycle.
The New Synergy of Values.
Welfare as We Knew It.
Supplemental Security Income and Other Income Transfer Programs.
Health Care in the Clinton Administration.
Other Social Issues.
Affirmative Action and Civil Rights.
Welfare for the Wealthy and Corporate Welfare.
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