New Jersey vs. T. L. O.: Drug Searches in Schools

New Jersey vs. T. L. O.: Drug Searches in Schools

by Deborah A. Persico
Details the Supreme Court case that dealt with drug searches by public school employees and debated the Fourth Amendment rights of students.


Details the Supreme Court case that dealt with drug searches by public school employees and debated the Fourth Amendment rights of students.

Editorial Reviews

VOYA - Patti Sylvester Spencer
Ratings for CNN's Burden of Proof and network news magazines demonstrate the viewing public's drive to understand the justice system. Enslow capitalizes on student interest in rights and the legal system with their series Landmark Supreme Court Cases. Persico narrates a story of student T.L.O. (legal issues regarding initials vs. name duly noted) caught smoking in the bathroom in 1980. In the office, a principal searched T.L.O.'s purse, uncovering evidence of alleged drug transactions. Following a history of search and seizure protections, Persico suggests legal questions posed by the case: T.L.O.'s charge of an unlawful search of her purse. Alonso tells readers that in 1942, twenty-two-year-old United States citizen Fred Korematsu was denied union membership, his job, and home for reasons that can only be termed irrational, racist, and paranoid. He was arrested and ultimately detained in an internment camp for Japanese Americans. Korematsu, one of thousands, knew his legal rights had been violated. A publisher's note acknowledges that "thousands of cases are sent to the Supreme Court each year...Only a very small percentage of those is ever actually considered by the Court." Trespacz's volume focuses on a case that the Supreme Court chose not to hear: two years after the Beatles conquered America, three teen musicians in Dallas were denied access to a public education because of the length of their hair-a length necessary for employment as musicians. Black-and-white photographs catalog events and key players. Segments of transcripts of courtroom questioning and answering create drama, interest, and authenticity. The authors use a readable, student-friendly approach to complex, troubling issues; racism from the bench is documented with direct quotes. Related cases, historical and contemporary, illustrate context. Volumes conclude with thoughtful questions (for discussion or writing activities), chapter notes, and an index. A helpful glossary and bibliography provide learners with additional support. While the texts are apparently aimed toward middle schoolers, beginning debaters and personal law or government students in high school classes may find easy access to complex issues in this series. Readers of the classic Farewell to Manzanar (Bantam Starfire, 1983, (c)1973) by Houston and Houston could appreciate the Alonso text as a companion piece.Glossary. Index. Photos. Biblio. Source Notes. Note: This review was written and published to address three titles-Korematsu v. United States; New Jersey v. TLO, and Ferrell v. Dallas ISD. VOYA Codes: 4Q 3P M J S (Better than most, marred only by occasional lapses, Will appeal with pushing, Middle School-defined as grades 6 to 8, Junior High-defined as grades 7 to 9 and Senior High-defined as grades 10 to 12).
School Library Journal - School Library Journal
Gr 7-10-A valuable source of constitutional law information concerning the Fourth Amendment and its application to "reasonable searches" and "the right to privacy." Persico's endeavor is characterized by scholarship, clarity of exposition, and succinctness. The text is organized into six chapters that briefly discuss the initial search of a high school student's purse, the history of the search-and-seizure law, overviews of the cases for New Jersey and T.L.O. (the 14-year-old involved), the 1985 Supreme Court decision, and a discussion of the future of reasonable searches. The author reinforces the view that the Supreme Court's upholding of the student's conviction on drug charges worked to create confusion and weaken the guarantees of the Fourth Amendment. As to the future, says Persico, "It appears...that the Supreme Court is inclined to allow those types of searches that involve only a slight intrusion on the student's privacy." The book includes some unnecessary discussion questions and a selection of so-so black-and-white photographs.-David A. Lindsey, Lakewood High and Middle School Libraries, WA

Product Details

Enslow Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date:
Landmark Supreme Court Cases Series
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)
Age Range:
11 - 17 Years

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