New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry / Edition 2

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry / Edition 2

by Michael Gelder, Nancy Andreasen, Juan Lopez-Ibor, John Geddes

ISBN-10: 0199696756

ISBN-13: 9780199696758

Pub. Date: 04/07/2012

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The 'New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry' is one of the leading reference works in this field. Bringing together over 200 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference to its scientific basis and to the patient's perspective throughout. In the 8 years since publication of the first

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The 'New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry' is one of the leading reference works in this field. Bringing together over 200 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference to its scientific basis and to the patient's perspective throughout. In the 8 years since publication of the first edition, many new and exciting developments have occurred in the biological sciences, which are having a major impact on how we study and practise psychiatry. In addition, psychiatry has fostered closer ties with philosophy, and these are leading to healthy discussions about how we should diagnose and treat mental illness. This new edition recognises these and other developments. Throughout, accounts of clinical practice are linked to the underlying science, and to the evidence for the efficacy of treatments. Physical and psychological treatments, including psychodynamic approaches, are covered in depth. The history of psychiatry, ethics, public health aspects, and public attitudes to psychiatry and to patients are all given due attention. The 'New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry' will continue to serve the profession as an authoritative and comprehensive reference.

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Oxford University Press, USA
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Table of Contents

Part 1 - The Subject Matter of and Approach to Psychiatry
1.1. The patient's perspective, Kay Redfield Jamison, & Adam Kaplin
1.2. Public attitudes and the challenge of stigma, Graham Thornicroft, Elaine Brohan & Aliya Kassam
1.3.1. Mental disorders as a worldwide public health issue, Benedetto Saraceno
1.3.2. Transcultural psychiatry, Julian Leff
1.4. The history of psychiatry as a medical specialty, Pierre Pichot
1.5.1. Psychiatric ethics, Sidney Bloch & Stephen Green
1.5.2. Values and values-based practice in clinical psychiatry, K W M Fulford
1.6. The psychiatrist as manager, Juan Lopez-Ibor & Costas Stefanides
1.7. Descriptive phenomenology, Andrew Sims
1.8.1. The principles and clinical assessment in general psychiatry, John E Cooper & Margaret Oates
1.8.2. The assessment of personality, Robert Cloninger Cognitive assessment, Graham E Powell Questionnaire, rating and behavioural methods of assessment, John N Hall
1.9. Diagnosis and classification, Michael B First & Harold A Pincus
1.10. From science to practice, John Geddes
Part 2 - The Scientific Basis of Psychiatric Aetiology
2.1. Brain and Mind, Martin Davies
2.2. Statistics and the design of experiments and surveys, Graham Dunn
2.3.1. Neuroanatomy, R C A Pearson
2.3.2. Neurodevelopment, Karl Zilles
2.3.3. Neuroendocrinology, Charles B Nemeroff & Gretchen N Neigh
2.3.4. Neurotransmitters and signalling, Trevor Sharp
2.3.5. Neuropathology, Peter Falkai & Bernhard Bogerts
2.3.6. Functional positron emission tomography in psychiatry, P M Grasby
2.3.7. Structural magnetic resonance imaging, J Suckling & E T Bullmore
2.3.8. Functional magnetic resonance imaging, E T Bullmore & J Suckling
2.3.9. Neuronal networks, epilepsy and other brain dysfunctions, John G R Jeffreys
2.3.10. Psychoneuroimmunology, Robert Dantzer & Keith W Kelley
2.4.1. Quantitative genetics, Anita Thapar & Peter McGuffin
2.4.2. Molecular genetics, Jonathan Flint Developmental psychology through infancy, childhood and adolescence, William Yule & Matt Woolgar
2.5.2. Psychology of attention, Masud Husain & Elizabeth Coulthard
2.5.3. Psychology and biology of memory, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg & Terry Goldberg
2.5.4. The anatomy of human emotion, Ray Dolan
2.5.5. The neuropsychological basis of neuropsychiatry, Luke Clark, Barbara Sahakian & Trevor Robbins
2.6.1. Medical sociology and issues of aetiology, George W Brown
2.6.2. Social and cultural anthropology: salience for psychiatry, Arthur Kleinman
2.7. The contribution of epidemiology to psychiatric aetiology, Scott Henderson
Part 3 - Psychodynamic Contributions to Psychiatry
3.1. Psychoanalysis: Freud's theories and their contemporary development, Otto Kernberg
3.2. Object relations, attachment theory, self-psychology, and interpersonal psychoanalysis, Jeremy Holmes
3.3. Current psychodynamic approaches to psychiatry, Glen O Gabbard
Part 4 - Clinical Syndromes of Adult Psychiatry
4.1.1. Delirium, Paula Trzepacz & David Meagher
4.1.2. Dementia: Alzheimer's disease, Simon Lovestone
4.1.3. Fronto-temporal dementias, Lars Gustafson & Arne Brun
4.1.4. Prion disease, John Collinge
4.1.5. Dementia with Lewy bodies, Ian G McKeith
4.1.6. Dementia in Parkinson's disease, Richard Mindham & Tom Hughes
4.1.7. Dementia due to Huntington's disease, Susan Folstein & Russell Margolis
4.1.8. Vascular dementia, Timo Erkinjuntti
4.1.9. Dementia due to HIV disease, Mario Maj
4.1.10. The neuropsychiatry of head injury, Simon Fleminger
4.1.11. Alcohol-related dementia, Jane Marshall
4.1.12. Amnesic syndromes, Michael D Kopelman
4.1.13. The management of dementia, Simon Fleminger & John Taylor
4.1.14. The remediation of memory disorders, Jonathan Evans
4.2.1. Pharmacological and psychological aspects of drug abuse, David J Nutt & Fergus D Law Aetiology of alcohol problems, Juan C Negrete & Kathryn Gill Alcohol dependence and alcohol problems, Jane Marshall Alcohol and psychiatric and physical disorders, Karl F Mann & Falk Keifer Treatment of alcohol dependence, Jonathan Chick Services for alcohol use disorders, D Colin Drummond Prevention of alcohol-related problems, Robin Room Opiates: heroin, methadone, and buprenorphine, Soraya Mayet, Adam R Winstock & John Strang Disorders relating to the use of amphetamines and cocaine, Nicholas Seivewright & Robert Fung Disorders relating to the use of phencyclidine and hallucinogens, Henry David Abraham Misuse of benzodiazepines, Sarah Welch & Michael Farrell Disorders relating to the use of ecstasy, other 'party drugs' and khat, Adam R Winstock & Fabrizio Schiffano Disorders relating to the use of volatile substances, Richard Ives The mental health effects of cannabis use, Wayne Hall Nicotine dependence and treatment, Maria Ines Lopez-Ibor
4.2.4. Assessing need and organizing services for drug misusers, John Marsden, Colin Bradbury & John Strang
4.3.1. Schizophrenia: a conceptual history, Nancy C Andreasen Descriptive clinical features of schizophrenia, Peter F Liddle The clinical neuropsychology of schizophrenia, Philip Harvey
4.3.3. Diagnosis, classification and differential diagnosis of schizophrenia, Anthony S David
4.3.4. Epidemiology of schizophrenia, Assen Jablensky Genetic and environmental risk factors for schizophrenia, Robin M Murray & David Castle The neurobiology of schizophrenia, Paul J Harrison
4.3.6. Course and outcome of schizophrenia and their prediction, Assen Jablensky
4.3.7. Treatment and management of schizophrenia, David Cunningham Owens & Eve C Johnstone
4.3.8. Schizoaffective and schizotypal disorders, Ming T Tsuang, William S Stone & Stephen V Faraone
4.3.9. Acute and transient psychotic disorders, Jean Garrabe & Francois-Regis Cousin
4.4. Persistent delusional symptoms and disorders, Alistair Munro
4.5.1. Introduction to mood disorders, John Geddes
4.5.2. Clinical features of mood disorders and mania, Per Bech
4.5.3. Diagnosis, classification and differential diagnosis of mood disorders, Gordon Parker
4.5.4. Epidemiology of mood disorders, Peter R Joyce Genetic aetiology of mood disorders, Pierre Oswald, D Souery & J Mendlewicz Neurobiological aetiology of mood disorders, Guy Goodwin
4.5.6. Course and prognosis of mood disorders, Jules Angst
4.5.7. Treatment of mood disorders, Eugene S Paykel & Jan Scott
4.5.8. Dysthymia, cyclothymia and hyperthymia, Hagop S Akiskal
4.6.1. Acute stress reactions, Anke Ehlers & Richard Bryant
4.6.2. Post-traumatic stress disorders, Anke Ehlers
4.6.3. Recovered memories and false memories, Chris R Brewin
4.6.4. Adjustment disorders, James J. Strain, Kimberly Klipstein & Jeffrey Newcorn
4.6.5. Bereavement, Beverley Raphael
4.7.1. Generalized anxiety disorders, Stella Bitran, David H. Barlow & David A. Spiegel
4.7.2. Social anxiety disorder and specific phobias, Michelle A. Blackmore, Brigette A Erwin, Richard G Heimberg, Leanne Magee & David M Fresco
4.7.3. Panic disorders and agoraphobia, James C Ballenger
4.8. Obsessive compulsive disorder, Joseph Zohar, Leah Fostick & Elizabeth Juven-Wetzler
4.9. Depersonalization disorder, Nick Medford, Mauricio Sierra-Siegert & Anthony David
4.10.1. Anorexia nervosa, Gerald Russell
4.10.2. Bulimia nervosa, Christopher G Fairburn, Zafra Cooper & Rebecca Murphy
4.11.1. Normal sexual function, Roy J Levin
4.11.2. The sexual dysfunctions, Cynthia Graham & John Bancroft
4.11.3. The paraphilias, J Paul Federoff
4.11.4. Gender identity disorder in adults, Richard Green
4.12.1. Personality disorders: an introductory perspective, Juan Lopez-Ibor
4.12.2. Classification and assessment of personality disorders, James Reich & Giovanni de Girolamo
4.12.3. Specific types of personality disorder, Jose Luis Carrasco & Dusica Lecic-Tosevski
4.12.4. Epidemiology of personality disorders, Francesca Guzzetta & Giovanni di Girolamo
4.12.5. Neuropsychological templates for abnormal personalities: from genes to biodevelopmental pathways, Adolf Tobena
4.12.6. Psychotherapy for personality disorders, Anthony Bateman & Peter Fonagy
4.12.7. Management of personality disorder, Giles Newton-Howes & Kate Davidson
4.13.1. Impulse control disorders, Susan L McElroy & Paul E Keck, Jr
4.13.2. Special psychiatric problems relating to gambling, Emmanuel Moran
4.14.1. Introduction to sleep-wake disorders, Gregory Stores
4.14.2. Insomnias, Colin A Espie & Delwyn J. Bartlett
4.14.3. Excessive sleepiness, Michel Billiard
4.14.4. Parasomnias, Carlos H Schenk & Mark W Mahowald
4.15.1. Epidemiology and causes of suicide, Jouko K Lonnqvist
4.15.2. Deliberate self-harm: epidemiology and risk factors, Ella Arensman & Ad J F M Kerkhof
4.15.3. Biological aspects of suicidal behaviour, J John Mann & Dianne Currier
4.15.4. Treatment of suicide attempters and prevention of suicide and attempted suicide, Keith Hawton & Tatiana Taylor
4.16. Culture-related specific psychiatric syndromes, Wen-Shing Tseng
Part 5 - Psychiatry and Medicine
5.1. Mind-body dualism, psychiatry and medicine, Michael Sharpe & Jane Walker
5.2.1. Somatoform disorders and functional symptoms, Richard Mayou
5.2.2. Epidemiology of somatoform disorders and other causes of unexplained medical symptoms, Gregory Simon
5.2.3. Somatization disorder and related disorders, Per Fink
5.2.4. Conversion and dissociation disorders, Christopher Bass
5.2.5. Hypochondriasis, Russell Noyes Jr
5.2.6. Pain disorder, Sidney Benjamin & Stella Morris
5.2.7. Chronic fatigue syndrome, Michael Sharpe & Simon Wessely
5.2.8. Body dysmorphic disorder, Katherine A Phillips
5.2.9. Factitious disorder and malingering, Christopher Bass & David Gill
5.2.10. Neurasthenia, Felice Lieh Mak
5.3.1. Adjustments to illness and handicap, Allan House
5.3.2. Psychiatric aspects of neurological disease, Maria A Ron
5.3.3. Epilepsy, Brian Toone
5.3.4. Medical conditions associated with psychiatric disorder, James R Rundell
5.3.5. Psychiatric aspects of infections, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos
5.3.6. Psychiatric aspects of surgery (including transplantation), S A Hales, Susan E Abbey & Gary M Rodin
5.3.7. Psychiatric aspects of cancer, Jimmie C Holland & Jessica Stiles
5.3.8. Psychiatric aspects of accidents, burns and other trauma, Ulrik Frederik Malt
5.4. Obstetric and gynaecological conditions associated with psychiatric disorder, Ian Brockington
5.5. Management of psychiatric disorders in medically ill patients, Pier Maria Furlan & Luca Ostacoli
5.6. Health psychology, John Weinman & Keith J Petrie
5.7. The organization of psychiatric services for general hospital departments, Frits J. Huyse, Roger Kathol, Wolfgang Sollner & Lawson Wulsin
Part 6 - Treatment Methods in Psychiatry
6.1.1. The evaluation of physical treatments, Clive Adams
6.1.2. The evaluation of psychological treatment, Paul Crits-Christoph
6.2.1. General principles of drug therapy in psychiatry, Jeffrey K Aronson
6.2.2. Anxiolytics and hypnotics, Malcolm Lader
6.2.3. Antidepressants, Zubin Bhagwagar & George R Heninger
6.2.4. Lithium and related mood stabilizers, Robert Post
6.2.5. Antipsychotic and anticholinergic drugs, Herbert Y Meltzer & William V Bobo
6.2.6. Antiepileptic drugs, Brian P Brennan & Harrison G Pope Jr
6.2.7. Drugs for cognitive disorders, Leslie Iversen
6.2.8. Drugs used in the treatment of addictions, Fergus D Law & David J Nutt
6.2.9. Complementary medicines, Ursula Werneke Electroconvulsive therapy, Max Fink Phototherapy, Philip J Cowen Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Declan McLoughlin & Andrew Mogg
6.2.11. Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders, Keith Matthews & David Christmas
6.3.1. Counselling, Diana Sanders Cognitive-behaviour therapy for anxiety disorders, David M Clark Cognitive-behaviour therapy for eating disorders, Zafra Cooper, Rebecca Murphy & Christopher G Fairburn Cognitive-behaviour therapy for depressive disorders, Melanie J V Fennell Cognitive-behaviour therapy for schizophrenia, Max Birchwood & Elizabeth Spencer
6.3.3. Interpersonal psychotherapy for depression and other disorders, Carlos Blanco, John Markowitz & Myrna M Weissman
6.3.4. Brief individual psychodynamic psychotherapy, Amy M Ursano & Robert J Ursano
6.3.5. Psychoanalysis and other long-term dynamic psychotherapies, Peter Fonagy
6.3.6. Group methods in adult psychiatry, John Schlapobersky & Malcolm Pines
6.3.7. Psychotherapy with couples, Michael Crowe
6.3.8. Family therapy, Sidney Bloch & Edwin Harari
6.3.9. Therapeutic communities, David Kennard & Rex Haigh
6.4.1. Rehabilitation techniques, Wulf Roessler
6.4.2. Psychiatric nursing techniques, Kevin Gournay
6.4.3. Social work approaches to mental health work: international trends, Shulamit Ramon
6.4.4. Art therapy, Diane Waller
6.5. Indigenous folk healing practices, Wen-Shing Tseng
Part 7 - Social Psychiatry and Service Provision
7.1. Public policy and mental health, Matt Muijen & Andrew McCulloch
7.2. Service needs of individuals and populations, Michael Slade, Michele Tansella & Graham Thornicroft
7.3. Cultural differences care pathways, service use, and outcome, Jim van Os & Kwame Mackenzie
7.4. Primary prevention of mental disorders, Jose Manuel Bertolote
7.5. Planning and providing mental health services for a community, Tom Burns
7.6. Evaluation of mental health services, Michele Tansella & Graham Thornicroft
7.7. Economic analysis of mental health services, Martin Knapp & Daniel Chisholm
7.8. Psychiatry in primary care, David Goldberg, Andre Tylee & Paul Walter
7.9. The role of the voluntary sector, Vanessa Pinfold & Mary Teasdale
7.10.1. The special psychiatric problems of refugees, Richard F Mollica, Melissa A Culhane & Daniel H Hovelson
7.10.2. Mental health services for homeless mentally ill people, Tom K J Craig
7.10.3. Mental health services for ethnic minorities, Tom K J Craig & Dinesh Bhugra
Part 8 - The Psychiatry of Old Age
8.1. The biology of ageing, Alan Bittles
8.2. The sociology of normal ageing, Sarah Harper & Sue Marcus
8.3. The ageing population and the epidemiology of mental disorders among the elderly, Laura Fratiglioni & Scott Henderson
8.4. Assessment of mental disorders in older patients, Robin Jacoby
8.5.1. Delirium in the elderly, James Lindesay Mild cognitive impairment, Claudia Jacova & Howard Feldman
8.5.2. Substance use disorders in elderly people, Henry O'Connell & Brian Lawlor
8.5.3. Schizophrenia and paranoid disorders of late life, Barton W Palmer, Gauri N Savla & Thomas Meeks
8.5.4. Mood disorders in the elderly, Robert Baldwin
8.5.5. Stress-related, anxiety, and obsessional disorders in elderly people, James Lindesay
8.5.6. Personality disorders in the elderly, Suzanne Holroyd
8.5.7. Suicide and deliberate self-harm in elderly people, Robin Jacoby
8.5.8. Sex in old age, John Kellett & Catherine Oppenheimer
8.6. Special features of psychiatric treatment for the elderly, Catherine Oppenheimer
8.7. The planning and organization of services for older adults, Pamela Melding
Part 9 - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
9.1.1. Developmental psychopathology and classification in childhood and adolescence, Stephen Scott
9.1.2. Epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence, E Jane Costello & Adrian Angold
9.1.3. Assessment in child and adolescent psychiatry, Jeff Bostic & Andres Martin
9.1.4. Prevention of mental disorder in childhood and other public health issues, Rhoshel Lenroot
9.2.1. Developmental neuropsychiatric disorders, James C Harris
9.2.2. Specific developmental disorders in childhood & adolescence, Helmut Remschmidt & Gerd Schulte-Korne
9.2.3. Autism and the pervasive developmental disorders, Fred R Volkmar & Ami Klin
9.2.4. Attention deficit and hyperkinetic disorders in childhood and adolescence, Eric Taylor
9.2.5. Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence, Stephen Scott
9.2.6. Anxiety disorders in childhood and adolescence, Daniel Pine
9.2.7. Paediatric mood disorders, David Brent & Boris Birmaher
9.2.8. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and tics in children and adolescents, Martine Flament & Philippe Robaey
9.2.9. Sleep disorders in children and adolescents, Gregory Stores
9.2.10. Suicide and attempted suicide in children and adolescents, David Shaffer, Cynthia R Pfeffer & Jennifer Gutstein
9.2.11. Children's speech and language difficulties, Judith Clegg
9.2.12. Gender identity disorder in children and adolescents, Richard Green
9.3.1. The influence of family, school and the environment, Barbara Maughan
9.3.2. Child trauma, David Trickey & Dora Black
9.3.3. Child abuse and neglect, David P H Jones
9.3.4. The relationship between physical and mental health in children and adolescents, Julia Gledhill & Elena Garalda
9.3.5. The effects on child and adult mental health of adoption and foster care, June Thoburn
9.3.6. Effects of parental psychiatric and physical illness on child development, Paul Ramchandani, Lynne Murray & Alan Stein
9.3.7. The effects of bereavement in childhood, Dora Black & David Trickey
9.4.1. The child as witness, John B Pearce & Anne E Thompson
9.5.1. Counselling and psychotherapy for children, John B Pearce
9.5.2. Child psychoanalysis, Peter Fonagy & Mary Target
9.5.3. Cognitive behaviour therapies for children and adolescents, Philip Graham
9.5.4. Interventions for parents and families: a developmental psychopathology perspective, Philip A Fisher & Elizabeth A Stormshak
9.5.5. Medication for children and adolescents, Paramala Santosh
9.5.6. Residential care for social reasons, Leslie Hicks & Ian Sinclair
9.5.7. Organization of services for children and adolescents, Miranda Wolpert
9.5.8. The treatment of child and adolescent psychiatric emergencies, Gillian Forrest
9.5.9. The child psychiatrist as consultant to schools and colleges, Simon Gowers & Sian Thomas
Part 10 - Intellectual Disability
10.1. Classification, diagnosis, psychiatric assessment and needs assessment, Anthony J Holland
10.2. Epidemiology of psychiatry of learning disability, Sally-Ann Cooper & Elita Smiley
10.3. Aetiology of intellectual disability: general issues and prevention, Markus Kaski
10.4. Syndromes causing intellectual disability, David Clarke & Shoumitro Deb
10.5.1. Psychiatric and behaviour disorders among children and adolescents with intellectual disability, Bruce J Tonge
10.5.2. Psychiatric and behaviour disorders among adult persons with intellectual disability, A Dosen
10.5.3. Epilepsy and epilepsy-related behaviour disorders among people with intellectual disability, Matti Iivanainen
10.6. Methods of treatment, T P Berney
10.7. Special needs of adolescents and elderly people with intellectual disability, Jane Hubert & Sheila Hollins
10.8. Families with a member with intellectual disability and their needs, Ann Gath & Jane McCarthy
10.9. The planning and provision of psychiatric services for adults with intellectual disability, Nick Bouras & Geraldine Holt
Part 11 - Forensic Psychiatry
11.1. General principles of law relating to people with mental disorder, Michael Gunn & Kay Wheat
11.2. Psychosocial causes of offending, David P Farrington
11.3.1. Associations between psychiatric disorder and offending, Lindsay Thomson & Rajan Darjee
11.3.2. Offending, substance misuse and mental disorder, Andrew Johns
11.3.3. Cognitive disorders, epilepsy, ADHD and offending, Norbert Nedopil
11.4.1. Mental disorders among offenders in correctional settings, James Ogloff
11.4.2. Homicide offenders including mass murder and infanticide, Jennifer Shaw & Nicola Swinson
11.4.3. Fraud, deception and thieves, David V James
11.4.4. Juvenile delinquency and serious antisocial behaviour, Susan Bailey
11.5.1. Child molesters and other sexual offenders, Stephen Hucker
11.5.2. Arson (fire-raising), Herschel Prins
11.5.3. Stalking, Paul E Mullen
11.5.4. Querulous behaviour: vexatious litigation, abnormally persistent complaining and petitioning, Paul E Mullen
11.5.5. Domestic violence, Gillian C Mezey
11.6. The impact of victimization, Gillian C Mezey & Ian Robbins
11.7. Assessing and managing the risks of violence towards others, Paul E Mullen & James Ogloff
11.8. The expert witness in the criminal court: assessment, reports and testimony, John O'Grady
11.9. Managing offenders with psychiatric disorders in general psychiatric services, James Ogloff
11.10. Management of offenders with mental disorder in specialist forensic mental health services, Pamela J Taylor & Emma Dunn

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