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A comprehensive overview of the effects of new technology on criminality, crime prevention, and the criminal justice system is presented in this new textbook/reader. Fourteen chapters explore five critical issues:
How will new technological innovations affect both crime prevention and crime control policies toward offenders and victims?
Will criminal justice personnel be replaced by new hardware or software?
Will technology lead to increased privatization of traditional justice functions?
Is there research evidence that technological innovations have improved the criminal justice system's response to crime?
What is the link between technology and various forms of criminal behavior?
Applications of "hard" and "soft" technology are assessed in chapters by scholarly specialists on: the link between technology and criminality; crime prevention; policing; courts; institutional corrections; community corrections; and the justice system's relations with the private sector. Prof. Gary Marx's concluding commentary analyzes the social control and privacy implications of the many new technology applications. A comprehensive list of web sites is provided for further research on new technologies.
paperback-978-1-881798-73-6 and cloth-978-1-881798-72-9
About the Editors vii
1 Introduction - The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control James M. Byrne Donald J. Rebovich 1
2 The Impact of Technology on Criminality Kip Schlegel Charles Cohen 23
3 Technology, Crime Control and the Private Sector in the 21st Century Donald J. Rebovich Anthony Martino 49
4 Crime Prevention and Hard Technology: The Case of CCTV and Improved Street Lighting Brandon C. Welsh David P. Farrington 81
5 Crime Prevention and Soft Technology: Risk Assessment, Threat Assessment, and the Prevention of Violence Andrew J. Harris Arthur J. Lurigio 103
6 Policing and "Hard" Technology Don Hummer 133
7 The Police and Soft Technology: How Information Technology Contributes to Police Decision Making Christopher J. Harris 153
8 The Courts and Hard Technology: Applying Technological Solutions to Legal Issues Eric T. Bellone 185
9 The Courts and Soft Technology Ronald P. Corbett, Jr. 211
10 Institutional Corrections and Hard Technology Jacob I. Stowell 227
11 Institutional Corrections and Soft Technology James M. Byrne April Pattavina 245
12 Community Corrections and Hard Technology Patricia M. Harris James M. Byrne 287
13 Community Corrections and Soft Technology April Pattavina Faye S. Taxman 327
14 The Engineering of Social Control: Intended and Unintended Consequences Gary T. Marx 347
Web Links for the New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control 373