New Trends in Instrumentation for Hypersonic Research

Overview

This book collects most of the expertise available throughout the world on the instrumentation for the characterization of hypersonic flows. The fundamental requirements are reviewed and the necessity for low uncertainties is pointed out, especially for code validation and the assessment of real gas effects.
The various techniques available are essentially non-intrusive and are based on optical diagnostics. Such is the case for flow visualization by the Schlieren technique, ...

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Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1993)
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Overview

This book collects most of the expertise available throughout the world on the instrumentation for the characterization of hypersonic flows. The fundamental requirements are reviewed and the necessity for low uncertainties is pointed out, especially for code validation and the assessment of real gas effects.
The various techniques available are essentially non-intrusive and are based on optical diagnostics. Such is the case for flow visualization by the Schlieren technique, holographic interferometry, electron beam fluorescence and laser induced fluorescence. The possibilities of all these techniques (including CARS, laser velocimetry and spectroscopy) are discussed in detail, since they provide the most interesting parameters, such as temperature, concentration and velocity. The methods for measuring thermal flux in models are also discussed, the emphasis being on IR thermography.
The book will be of interest to specialists in the hypersonic domain as well as to those involved with wind tunnel testing since it reveals all the possibilities associated with the most up to date techniques of aerodynamic investigation.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Comprises the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on New Trends in Instrumentation for Hypersonic Research, held at Le Fauga-Mauzac, France in April and May of 1992. The 54 articles cover project requirements; interferometry and spectroscopy; temperatures and concentrations; pressure and forces; velocity; heat flux; infrared thermography; and recommendations for future research by the rapporteurs. Articles appear in the original form in which they were submitted but, as you would expect of the series, they have been consecutively page-numbered. Includes tables and b&w diagrams and photographs. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789401048071
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Series: Nato Science Series E: (closed)
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1993
  • Pages: 617
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 1.27 (d)

Table of Contents

Session 1: Projects - Requirements.- Requirements for facilities and measurement techniques to support CFD development for hypersonic aircraft.- Hermes measurement needs in hot facilities.- Hot experimental technique: a new requirement of aerothermodynamics.- Experimental validation of hypersonic viscous flow models.- Computation and experimentation of free-piston shock tunnels - Example of the Marseille facility.- Ground test facilities and instrumentation for aerothermal and aero-optical studies of hypersonic interceptors.- Session 2: Interferometry - Spectroscopy.- Interferometry in rarefied gas flows.- Holographic interferometry on the high enthalpy shock tunnel in Göttingen (HEG).- The use of holographic interferometry for flow field diagnostics.- Multipass holographic interferometer for the high enthalpy hypersonic wind-tunnel F4.- Resonant holographic interferometry; a multipoint, multiparameter diagnostics tool for hypersonic flow.- Schlieren device and spectroscopic measurements in F4.- Considerations for the application of the infrared emission absorption technique to hypersonic propulsion diagnostics.- Molecular electronic resonance state techniques.- Session 3: Temperatures - Concentrations.- Local non-intrusive measurements of the inlet and exhaust flows in ground testing a hypersonic engine.- Laser-based diagnostics for hypersonic flows.- Determination of minority species concentrations and temperature in combustion systems by Laser Induced Fluorescence.- Absorption, scattering, and fluorescence techniques for hypersonic flow measurements.- Spectroscopic diagnostic techniques for the high enthalpy shock tunnel in Göttingen (HEG): preparatory LIF studies on other facilities.- Rotational temperature and density measurements in a hypersonic flow by dual-line CARS.- Laser spectroscopic measurement techniques for hypersonic, turbulent windtunnel flows.- Broad band excimer Laser Induced Fluorescence applied to hypersonic and supersonic air flows.- Non-intrusive temperature determination by LIF in hypersonic wind-tunnels.- Rapid pulse electron beam fluorescence for flow field diagnostics.- Electron beam fluorescence imaging for hypersonic research.- Session 4: Pressure - Forces.- Force measurement in hypervelocity impulse facilities.- A six component balance for short duration hypersonic facilities.- Millisecond aerodynamic force measurement technique for high enthalpy test facilities.- Aerodynamic force measurements in the VKI longshot hypersonic facility.- Session 5: Velocity.- Measurement of hypersonic flows.- Development and assessment of an LDV system for Mach 6 flow field measurements.- Laser velocimetry applied in hypersonics.- Velocity and density determination by the electron beam technique.- Electron beam velocimetry.- Planar velocimetry in high-speed aerodynamic and propulsion flowfields.- Filtered Rayleigh and RELIEF imaging of velocity, temperature and density in hypersonic flows for the study of boundary layers, shock structures, mixing phenomena and the acquisition of in-flight air data.- 2D velocity and temperature measurements in high speed flows based on spectrally resolved Rayleigh scattering.- Session 6A: Heat Flux.- Temperature and heat flux measurements challenges for high temperature aerospace application.- Heat transfer measurement techniques used or in development at ONERA Chalais-Meudon.- Aerothermodynamic measurement techniques employed in NASA Langley hypersonic facilities.- Aerothermal test methodology and techniques for the development of hypersonic vehicles.- Measurements on models for hypersonic real gas conditions.- Thin gradient heat fluxmeters developed at ONERA.- Session 6B: Infrared Thermography.- Hypersonic aerodynamics research with an infrared imaging system.- Heat transfer measurements using infrared thermography in rarefied flows.- Infrared thermography for hot-shot wind-tunnel.- Experiments on the catalytic efficiency of heat protection materials in the arc heated wind-tunnel (LBK) in Cologne.- Infrared Thermography characterization of Görtler vortex type patterns in hypersonic flows.- Session 7: Recommendations for Future Research by the Rapporteurs.- to session 7: Recommendations for future research in hypersonic instrumentation.- Flow visualization, interferometry and spectroscopy in hypersonic flows: a review.- Local measurements of temperatures and concentrations: a review for hypersonic flows.- Pressure and force measurement on models set in hypersonic flows: a review.- Velocity measurements in hypersonics: a review.- Thermal flux measurements in hypersonic flows: a review.

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