The New Urban Sociology: Fourth Edition / Edition 4

The New Urban Sociology: Fourth Edition / Edition 4

by Mark Gottdiener, Ray Hutchison
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0813344255

ISBN-13: 9780813344256

Pub. Date: 07/27/2010

Publisher: Westview Press

organized around an integrated paradigm-the sociospatial perspective-the fourth edition of this breakthrough text considers the impact of social factors such as race, class, gender, lifestyle, economics, culture, and politics on the development of metropolitan areas. Moving beyond the traditional city-suburb dichotomy, The New Urban Sociology provides a unique

Overview

organized around an integrated paradigm-the sociospatial perspective-the fourth edition of this breakthrough text considers the impact of social factors such as race, class, gender, lifestyle, economics, culture, and politics on the development of metropolitan areas. Moving beyond the traditional city-suburb dichotomy, The New Urban Sociology provides a unique focus on the continuously changing nature of metropolitan regions. It integrates the social ecological with the political economy paradigm through a fresh theoretical approach emphasizing the importance of space to social life and real estate to the economy and urban development. This fully revised edition features a new chapter on metropolitan social policy and expanded discussions of international regions, key concepts, and the effect of the economic crisis on housing markets, public policy, and urban development.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813344256
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
07/27/2010
Edition description:
Fourth Edition, Fourth Edition
Pages:
456
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.80(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fourth Edition xiii

1 The New Urban Sociology 1

Urban Regions 1

Defining the Metropolitan Region 6

Megacities Around the World 9

A New Approach to Urban Sociology 13

Global Capitalism and the Metropolis 13

Supply-Side Factors in Urban Development 15

The Importance of Culture in Metropolitan Life 17

The Sociospatial Approach 19

Key Concepts 21

Discussion Questions 21

2 The Origins of Urban Life 23

Ancient Urbanization 28

Classical Cities 30

Urbanization After AD 1000 33

The Medieval Order and the Renaissance City 38

Capitalism and the Rise of the Industrial City 41

Key Concepts 47

Important Names 47

Discussion Questions 48

3 The Rise of Urban Sociology 49

Georg Simmel on the City 52

Louis Wirth Urbanism as a Way of Life 55

The Chicago School of Urban Sociology 58

From Human Ecology to Urban Ecology 69

Conclusion 72

Key Concepts 73

Important Names 73

Discussion Questions 74

4 Contemporary Urban Sociology 75

Political Economy and the City: Classic Approaches 76

The Revival of Urban Political Economy Henri Lefebvre 80

Class Conflict Theories: Gordon, Storper, and Walker 82

Capital Accumulation Theory 84

Approaches by Urban Sociologists: The Growth Machine vs. the Sociospatial Perspective 86

Real Estate and Government Intervention 89

Semiotics and Urban Culture 93

The Global Economy 95

Summary: The Sociospatial Perspective 97

Key Concepts 98

Discussion Questions 98

5 Urbanization in the United States 99

The Stages of Urban Growth 99

The Colonial Period: 1630 to 1812 101

The Era of Industrial Expansion: 1812 to 1920 105

The Rise of the Metropolis: 1920 to 1960 114

Key Concepts 122

Discussion Questions 122

6 Suburbanization, Globalization, and the Emergence of the Multicentered Region 123

Deindustrialization and Globalization: Processes That Have Changed Both Cities and Suburbs Since the 1960s 130

Globalization and Uneven Development 131

How Deindustrialization and Globalization Affected Suburbs 133

Beyond Suburbia: The Emergence of the Multinucleated Region 138

Recent Trends in Metropolitan Regions 141

The Shift to the Sun Belt 144

Key Concepts 153

Discussion Questions 154

7 People and Lifestyles in the Metropolis: Urban and Suburban Culture 155

Class Differences and Spatial Location 156

Women, Gender Roles, and Space 165

The City as a Special Place: Nightlife, Urban Culture, and Regeneration of Downtowns 171

Urban Culture and City Revitalization 172

Ethnicity and Immigration 176

Conclusion: Ethnic and Cultural Diversity Across the Metropolis 182

Key Concepts 183

Discussion Questions 184

8 Minority Settlement Patterns, Neighborhoods, and Communities in the Multicentered Metro Region 185

Voluntary and Involuntary Movements of Minorities 185

Neighborhoods and Community 194

The Difference Between Neighborhood and Community 200

New Forms of Community 202

Social Networks as Communities Without Proximity 205

Summary 206

Key Concepts 207

Discussion Questions 207

9 Metropolitan Problems: Racism, Poverty, Crime, Housing, and Fiscal Crisis 209

The Sociospatial Approach to Social Problems 210

Racism and Poverty 211

Increasing Income Inequality, Unemployment, and Poverty 221

The Housing Crisis and Society's Failure to Provide Adequate Affordable Housing 222

Homelessness 227

Crime 229

The Fiscal Crisis and Public Service Problems 239

Summary 241

Key Concepts 242

Discussion Questions 243

10 Urbanization in the Developed Nations 245

Western Europe 248

Eastern Europe 265

Japan 271

Summary 276

Key Concepts 278

Discussion Questions 278

11 Globalization and Urbanization in the Developing World 279

Changing Perspectives on Urbanization 283

The Demographic Transition 287

Primate City Development Patterns 289

Shantytown Development 290

The Informal Economy and Coping Strategies 294

Urban Social Movements and Politics 295

Patterns of Urbanization 297

Summary 317

Key Concepts 318

Discussion Questions 318

12 Metropolitan Planning and Environmental Issues 321

Sprawl 323

A Short History of Metropolitan Planning 326

The Sociology of Land-Use Planning 329

Utopian Schemes: Howard, Le Corbusier, and Wright 332

Planning Critics: Jacobs and Krier 336

Other Trends in Planning Today 338

Summary of Planning Issues 340

Environmental Issues 341

Key Concepts 348

Important Names 348

Discussion Questions 348

13 Metropolitan Social Policy 349

The Tragedy of the Commons 350

Uneven Development and Policy: Redistributive Programs 352

Urban and Metropolitan Policy 355

Privatism and Issues of Social Justice 363

Urban Policy: The Political Debate 367

Regional Governance 369

Key Concepts 372

Discussion Questions 372

14 The Future of Urban Sociology 375

Understanding Our New Urban World 376

Urban Structure and Urban Culture 388

The Future of the City 390

The Future of the Urban Inquiry 393

Key Concepts 395

Important Names 395

Discussion Questions 395

Bibliography 397

Index 425

About the Authors 435

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