New Visions for Metropolitan America / Edition 1

New Visions for Metropolitan America / Edition 1

by Anthony Downs
     
 

For half a century America has had one dominant vision of how its metropolitan areas ought to grow and develop. This vision, best described as unlimited low-density sprawl, encompasses personal and social goals that most Americans cherish: a home in the suburbs, a car, good schools, and responsive local government. While Americans have been overwhelmingly successful… See more details below

Overview

For half a century America has had one dominant vision of how its metropolitan areas ought to grow and develop. This vision, best described as unlimited low-density sprawl, encompasses personal and social goals that most Americans cherish: a home in the suburbs, a car, good schools, and responsive local government. While Americans have been overwhelmingly successful in achieving these goals, that success has generated a host of growth-related problems, including intensive traffic congestion, air pollution, rising taxes for infrastructure, loss of open space, and the relegation of many poor households and minorities to destitute inner-city neighborhoods. With the long-run viability of American society in danger, America is in desperate need of a new vision for metropolitan growth. In this book, Anthony Downs identifies growth-related problems and examines current efforts to control growth. He explains that individual suburban governments have reacted with policies intended to manage local growth; but those policies taken together have actually aggravated problems at the regional level. The most dangerous result of growth management policies is that they help perpetuate the concentration of very poor households in depressed neighborhoods in big cities and older suburbs. These neighborhoods are riddled with exploding rates of crime and violence, increased numbers of children growing up in poverty, poor-quality public education, and many workers excluded from the mainstream work force. Downs asserts that these problems undermine social cohesion and economic efficiency throughout the nation, yet many Americans fail to recognize how serious they are. He shows that as suburbs develop, their residents come to believe that their welfare no longer depends upon the economic and social health of central cities. Suburbanites feel emotionally detached from cities or hostile to cities' fiscal and social problems even though they are partly responsible for creating those probl

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815719250
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
01/28/1994
Series:
Integrating National Economies Series
Edition description:
REPRINT
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.61(d)
Lexile:
1420L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

1Why We Need a New Vision3
2Factors Affecting Growth17
3Local Growth Management Policies31
4Links between Central Cities and Suburbs45
5Urban Decline and Inner-City Problems60
6Policy Strategies for Large Cities95
7Alternative Visions of Growth123
8Elements of the Alternative Visions142
9Offsetting Fragmented Land Use Powers169
10The Politics of Choosing among Visions183
App. AParadigms for Metropolitan Growth206
App. BComment on The Myth of America's Underfunded Cities211
App. CComment on The Next American Metropolis218
Notes228
Index231

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