New York

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Overview

"Edward Rutherford celebrates America's greatest city in a saga that showcases his ability to combine impeccable historical research and storytelling flair. From the empty grandeur of the New World to the skyscrapers of the City That Never Sleeps, from the intimate detail of lives long forgotten to those lived today at breakneck speed - four centuries brought to life in a rich and vibrant fictional tapestry." "The novel begins with a tiny Indian fishing village on the forested island of Manna hata, as Dutch traders arrive from across the ocean,

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New York

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Overview

"Edward Rutherford celebrates America's greatest city in a saga that showcases his ability to combine impeccable historical research and storytelling flair. From the empty grandeur of the New World to the skyscrapers of the City That Never Sleeps, from the intimate detail of lives long forgotten to those lived today at breakneck speed - four centuries brought to life in a rich and vibrant fictional tapestry." "The novel begins with a tiny Indian fishing village on the forested island of Manna hata, as Dutch traders arrive from across the ocean, seeking to carve out their fortunes amid the splendor of the wilderness. In a global war for imperial dominance, British settlers and merchants arrived as conquerors, bringing aristocratic governors and then unpopular taxation, which led to rebellion, war, and the birth of the United States. From the very beginning New York has been central to the great events of American history." "Rutherford tells this story through the interwoven tales of families rich and poor, black and white, native-born and immigrant - a cast of fictional and true characters whose fates rise and fall, fall and rise with the city's fortunes. From this intimate perspective we see the Revolutionary War, the emergence of the city as a great trading and financial center, the convulsions of the Civil War, the excesses of the Gilded Age, the explosion of immigration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the trials of World War II, the near demise of New York in the 1970s and its roaring rebirth in the 1990s, and the attacks on the World Trade Center." Here is the story of how in four centuries New York became the envy of the world, the Big Apple, sometimesloved and sometimes hated, until those who envied it most sought - vainly - to destroy it. A mix of battle, romance, family struggles, and personal triumphs, New York: The Novel captures the search for freedom and opportunity at the heart of our nation's history.

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Editorial Reviews

booklist
"Like James Michener and Leon Uris, Rutherfurd does a magnificent job of packaging a crackling good yarn within a digestible overview of complex historical circumstances and events." - Booklist
Brigitte Weeks
…what makes this novel so entertaining is the riotous, multilayered portrait of a whole metropolis. Rutherfurd offers the reader a chance to watch a rural outcrop grow into one of the world's greatest cities in a mere 350 years. He delivers magnificently on the challenge; it is hard to imagine any other writer combining such astonishing depth of research with the imagination and ingenuity to hold it all together.
—The Washington Post
Kirkus Reviews
Sprawling but undercooked saga of Manhattan and environs. Perhaps the qualifying subtitle of Rutherfurd's latest cat-squasher (Rebels of Ireland, 2006, etc.) is meant to distinguish it from, say, the sidecar volume to Ric Burns' documentary or any number of histories. Sadly, in the comparison, this novel suffers. Written in formulas and cliches, it stretches to the horizon with stock characters, as with this apparition of good Peter Stuyvesant: "The governor's face was set hard as flint. Standing tall and erect on his peg leg, he had never looked more indomitable. You had to admire the man." Given such a description, one wonders why the Dutch ever lost Nieuw Amsterdam in the first place. Prose like that would do Dan Brown proud, but it gets worse. Much better is Rutherfurd's structuring of the tale to track the progress of one generation to the next, showing familial connections and revisiting themes that cross the centuries, many of them touching on the beguiling qualities of the Big Apple: "Before he'd even gone to Columbia, Charlie had shown a precocious interest in the nightlife of the great city . . . More than once he'd come home drunk." The narrative is as studded with characters as Edwin Burrows and Mike Wallace's magisterial history Gotham (1998); within a couple of pages, Woodrow Wilson, Nicholas Murray Butler, Henry Frick, Charles Scribner and the Kaiser make appearances. In the main, though, Rutherfurd's principals are blue-blooded and noble, if conflicted and not always ethical-which seems quite in keeping with the historical realities. A mixed bag, with effective plotting hampered by clunky writing.
From the Publisher
“Like James Michener and Leon Uris, Rutherfurd does a magnificent job of packaging a crackling good yarn within a digestible overview of complex historical circumstances and events.” —Booklist

"History has never been so fun to read....Rutherfurd's research is exhaustive....fun....This is history, but with a very readable story line."--USA Today

From the Hardcover edition.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780385521383
  • Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 11/10/2009
  • Pages: 862
  • Sales rank: 188,098
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 2.10 (d)

Meet the Author

EDWARD RUTHERFURD is the author of many books, including London, The Princes of Ireland, and The Rebels of Ireland.
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Read an Excerpt

1664

So this was freedom. The canoe went with the river's tide, water bumping against the bow. Dirk van Dyck looked at the little girl and wondered: Was this journey a terrible mistake? Big river, calling him to the north. Big sky, calling him to the west. Land of many rivers, land of many mountains, land of many forests. How far did it continue? Nobody knew. Not for certain. High above the eagles, only the sun on its huge journey westward could ever see the whole of it. Yes, he had found freedom here, and love, in the wilderness. Van Dyck was a large man. He wore Dutch pantaloons, boots with turnover tops, and a leather jerkin over his shirt. Now they were approaching the port, he had put on a wide-brimmed hat with a feather in it. He gazed at the girl. His daughter. Child of his sin. His sin for which, religion said, he must be punished. How old was she? Ten, eleven? She had been so excited when he'd agreed to take her downriver. She had her mother's eyes. A lovely Indian child. Pale Feather, her people called her. Only her pale skin betrayed the rest of her story. "Soon we shall be there." The Dutchman spoke in Algonquin, the lan­guage of the local tribes. New Amsterdam. A trading post. A fort and little town behind a pal­isade. But it was important, all the same, in the worldwide com mercial empire of the Dutch.

Van Dyck was proud to be Dutch. Their country might be small, but the indomitable Netherlanders had stood up to the mighty, occupying Spanish Empire, and won their independence. It was his people who had constructed the great dykes to reclaim huge tracts of fertile land from the rage of the sea. It was the maritime Dutch who had built up a trading empire that was the envy of the nations. Their cities—Amsterdam, Delft, Antwerp—where the rows of tall, gabled houses lined stately canals and waterways, were havens for artists, scholars and freethinkers from all over Europe, in this, the golden age of Rembrandt and Vermeer. Yes, he was proud to be Dutch.

In its lower reaches, the great river was tidal. This morning it was flow­ing down toward the ocean. During the afternoon, it would reverse itself and flow back toward the north.

The girl was looking forward, downstream. Van Dyck sat facing her, his back resting against a large pile of skins, beaver mostly, that filled the center of the canoe. The canoe was large and broad, its sides made of tree bark, sturdy but light. Four Indians paddled, two fore, two aft. Just behind them, a second boat, manned by his own men, followed them down the stream. He'd needed to take on this Indian canoe to carry all the cargo he had bought. Upriver, the late-spring sky was thunderous; above them, gray clouds. But ahead, the water was bright.

A sudden shaft of sunlight flashed from behind a cloud. The river made a tapping sound on the side of the boat, like a native drum giving him warning. The breeze on his face tingled, light as sparkling wine. He spoke again. He did not want to hurt her, but it had to be done.

"You must not say I am your father."

The girl glanced down at the little stone pendant that hung around her neck. A tiny carved face, painted red and black. The face hung upside down, Indian fashion. Logical, in fact: when you lifted the pendant to look at it, the face would be staring at you the right way up. A lucky charm. The Masked One, Lord of the Forest, the keeper of nature's balance.

Pale Feather did not answer him, but only gazed down at the face of her Indian god. What was she thinking? Did she understand? He could not tell.

From behind the rocky cliffs that stretched up the western bank like high, stone palisades, there now came a distant rumble of thunder. The little girl smiled. His own people, the Dutchman thought, as men of the sea, had no liking for thunder. To them it brought harms and fears. But the Indians were wiser. They knew what it meant when the thunder spoke: the gods who dwelt in the lowest of the twelve heavens were pro­tecting the world from evil.

The sound echoed down the river, and dissolved in space. Pale Feather let the pendant fall, a tiny gesture full of grace. Then she looked up.

"Shall I meet your wife?"

Dirk van Dyck gave a little intake of breath. His wife Margaretha had no idea he was so near. He'd sent no word ahead of his return. But could he really hope to bring the girl ashore and conceal her from his wife? He must have been mad. He twisted round, awkwardly, and stared down the river. They had already reached the northern end of the narrow territory called Manhattan, and they were running with the tide. It was too late to turn back now.

Margaretha de Groot took a slow draw on the clay pipe in her sensual mouth, looked at the man with the wooden leg in a considering kind of way, and wondered what it would be like to sleep with him.

Tall, upright, determined, with piercing eyes, he might be gray, and well into middle age now, but he was still indomitable. As for the peg leg, it was a badge of honor, a reminder of his battles. That wound might have killed some men, but not Peter Stuyvesant. He was walking down the street with surprising speed. As she gazed at the hard, polished wood, she felt herself give a tiny shudder, though he did not see it.

What did he think of her? He liked her, she was sure of that. And why shouldn't he? She was a fine, full-bosomed woman in her thirties with a broad face and long blonde hair. But she hadn't run to fat, like many Dutchwomen. She was still in good trim, and there was something quite voluptuous about her. As for her liking for a pipe, most of the Dutch smoked pipes, men and women alike.

He saw her, stopped, and smiled.

"Good morning, Greet." Greet. A familiar form of address. Like most Dutchwomen, Margaretha van Dyck was normally known by her maiden name, Margaretha de Groot; and that is how she had expected him to address her. Of course, he'd known her since she was a girl. But even so . . . He was normally such a formal man. She almost blushed. "You are still alone?"

She was standing in front of her house. It was a typical Dutch town house, a simple, rectangular dwelling, two stories high, with wooden sides and its narrow, gabled end turned to the street. This end displayed a handsome pattern of black and yellow brick. A short stairway led up to the street door, which was large and protected by a porch. This was the Dutch "stoop". The windows were not large, but the ensemble was made impressive by the high, stepped gable that the Dutch favored, and the roof ridge was crowned with a weathervane.

"Your husband is still upriver?" Stuyvesant repeated. She nodded. "When will he return?"

"Who knows?" She shrugged. She could hardly complain that her hus­band's business took him north. The trade in furs, especially the all-important beaver pelts, had been so great that the local Indians had hunted their animals almost to extinction. Van Dyck often had to go far north into the hinterland to get his supplies from the Iroquois. And he was remarkably successful.

But did he have to stay away so long? In the early days of their mar­riage, his journeys had only taken a couple of weeks. But grad ually his absences had extended. He was a good husband when he was at home, attentive to her and loving to his children. Yet she couldn't help feeling neglected. Only that morning her little daughter had asked her when her father would be home. "As soon as he can," she had answered with a smile. "You may be sure of that." But was he avoiding her? Were there other women in his life?

Loyalty was important to Margaretha de Groot. So it was not surpris­ing if, fearing her husband might be unfaithful, she told herself that he was morally weak and, dreaming of solace in more righteous arms, allowed a voice within her to whisper: "If only he were a man like Gover­nor Stuyvesant."

"These are difficult times, Greet." Stuyvesant's face did not show it, but she could hear the sadness in his voice. "You know I have enemies."

He was confiding in her. She felt a little rush of emotion. She wanted to put her hand on his arm, but didn't dare.

"Those cursed English."

She nodded.

If the trading empire of the Dutch extended from the Orient to the Americas, the English merchants were not far behind. Sometimes the two Protestant nations acted together against their common enemies, the Catholic empires of Spain and Portugal; but most of the time they were rivals. Fifteen years ago, when Oliver Cromwell and his godly army took away King Charles of England's crown—and his head—the rivalry had intensified. The Dutch had a lucrative slave trade between Africa and the Caribbean. Cromwell's mission was clear.

"The slave trade must belong to England."

Many honest Dutchmen wondered if this brutal trafficking in humans was moral; the good Puritans of England had no such doubts. And soon Cromwell had taken Jamaica from the Spanish, to use as a slaving base. When Cromwell had died four years ago, and a second King Charles had been restored to the English throne, the same policy had continued. Word had already reached New Amsterdam that the English had attacked the Dutch slaving ports on the Guinea coast of Africa. And the rumor across the ocean was that they wanted not only the Dutchman's slave trade, but his port of New Amsterdam as well.

New Amsterdam might not be large: a fort, a couple of wind mills, a church with a pointed spire; there was one small attempt at a canal, more like a large ditch really, and some streets of step-gabled houses which, together with some modest orchards and allotments, were enclosed within a wall that ran from west to east across Manhattan's southern tip. Yet it had a history. Ten years before even the Mayflower sailed, the Dutch West India Company, seeing the value of the vast natural harbor, had set up a trading post there. And now, after half a century of fits and starts, it had developed into a busy port with outlying settlements scattered for dozens of miles around—a territory which the Dutch called the New Netherland.

It already had character. For two generations the Dutch and their neighbors, the Protestant, French-speaking Walloons, had been fighting for independence from their master, Catholic Spain. And they had won. Dutch and Walloons together had settled in New Amsterdam. It was a Walloon, Pierre Minuit—a name that was still pronounced in French, "Minwee"—who had bargained with the native Indians, four decades ago, to purchase the right to settle on Manhattan. From its birth, the tough, independent spirit of these mixed Protestant merchants had infused the place.

But above all, it had position. The fort, to a soldier's eye, might not be impressive, but it dominated the southern tip of Manhattan Island where it jutted out into the wide waters of a magnificent, sheltered harbor. It guarded the entrance to the big North River.

And Peter Stuyvesant was its ruler.

The English enemy was already close. The New England men of Mass­achusetts, and especially of Connecticut with their devious governor, Winthrop, were always trying to poach territory from the outlying Dutch settlements. When Stuyvesant built up the stout wall and palisade across the northern side of the town, the New Englanders were politely told: "The wall is to keep the Indians out." But nobody was fooled. The wall was to keep out the English.

The governor was still gazing at her.

"I wish that the English were my only enemy."

Ah, the poor man. He was far too good for them, the worthless people of New Amsterdam.

The town contained some fifteen hundred people. About six hundred Dutch and Walloons, three hundred Germans and almost as many En ­glish who'd chosen to live under Dutch rule. The rest came from all parts of the world. There were even some Jews. And among them all, how many upright, righteous men? Not many, in her opinion.

Margaretha was not a religious woman. The Dutch Reform Church was stern and Calvinistic; she didn't always abide by its rules. But she admired the few strong men who did—men like Bogard, the old dominie preacher, and Stuyvesant. At least they stood for order.

When Stuyvesant clamped down on the excessive drinking in the town, or forbade some of the more obviously pagan folk festivals, or tried to keep the town free of the foolish Quakers or wretched Anabaptists, did any of the merchants support him? Hardly any. Not even the Dutch West India Company, whose servant he was, could be relied upon. When a par­cel of Sephardic Jews arrived from Brazil, and Stuyvesant told them to go elsewhere, the company ordered him: "Let them in. They're good for business."

No one could deny that he'd been a fine governor. The men who came before him had mostly been corrupt buffoons. One idiot had even started an unnecessary war with the Indians that had nearly destroyed the colony. But Stuyvesant had learned to rule wisely. To the north, he kept the En ­glish at bay. To the south, he had made short work of an upstart Swedish colony on the Schuylkill River when it had become an irritation. He'd encouraged the sugar trade, and started to bring in more slaves. Every ship from Holland brought, as ballast, the best Dutch bricks to build the city's houses. The streets were clean, there was a little hospital now, and the school had a Latin master.

Yet were the people grateful? Of course not. They resented his rule. They even thought they could govern themselves, the fools. Were these men capable of governing? She doubted it.

The worst of them had been a two-faced lawyer, van der Donck. The Jonker, they'd called him: the squire. He was the one who went behind the governor's back, who composed letters to the West India Company and published complaints—all to bring down Stuyvesant. And for what? "The Jonker is a lover of liberty," her husband used to tell her. "You're all fools," she would cry. "He loves only himself. He'll rule you in Stuyvesant's place if you give him half the chance."

Fortunately the Jonker had failed to destroy Stuyvesant, but he'd man­aged to get his hands on a big estate north of the city. He'd even written a book on New Netherland which her husband assured her was fine. The wretch was dead and gone now—thank God! But the people of New Amsterdam still called his big estate "The Jonker's Land", as if the fellow were still there. And his example had so infected the merchants that, in her opinion, Stuyvesant shouldn't trust any of them.

The governor's hard eyes were fixed on her.

"Can I count upon you, Greet?"

Her heart missed a beat. She couldn't help it.

"Oh yes."

He was happily married, of course. At least, she supposed he was. He and Judith Bayard lived up at their bouwerie, as the Dutch called their farms, with every appearance of contentment. Judith was older than Peter. It was she who'd nursed him back to health after he lost his leg, and married him afterward. So far as Margaretha knew, he'd only once had an affair, and that had been when he was a young man, long before he met Judith. A small scandal. She thought the better of him for it. If it hadn't been for that little scandal, he might have become a Calvinist minister like his father, instead of joining the West India Company and going to seek his fortune on the high seas.

"And your husband? Can I count on him?"

"My husband?" Wherever he might be. Avoiding her.

Well, that was about to change. While he'd been away, she had given the matter some thought and formulated a plan for his future that would be more satisfactory. It was lucky that Dutch custom gave women far more freedom—and power—than the women of most other nations. And thank God for Dutch prenuptial agree ments. She had some very def­inite plans for Dirk van Dyck, when he came home.

"Oh yes," she said. "He'll do as I say."

"I am going down to the fort," Stuyvesant said. "Will you walk with me?"

London. A cheerful spring day. The River Thames was crowded with ships. Thomas Master gazed at the vessel before him and tried to decide.

In his hand was the letter from his brother Eliot, telling him that their father was dead. Tom was too honest to pretend he was sorry. He was twenty-two, and now he was free.

So which should it be? England or America?

On his left lay the great, gray mass of the Tower of London, silent, giv­ing nothing away. Behind him, as he glanced back, the long, high roof of Old St. Paul's suggested disapproval. But of what? Of himself, no doubt. After all, he'd been sent to London in disgrace.

Thirty years ago, when Adam Master from England's East Coast and Abigail Eliot from the West Country had first met in London, these two earnest young Puritans had agreed that England's capital was a shocking place. King Charles I was on the throne; he had a French Catholic wife; he was trying to rule England like a despot, and his new henchman, Arch­bishop Laud, was determined to make all Englishmen conform to the high ceremonies and haughty authority of an Anglican Church that was papist in all but name. After they married, Adam and Abigail had stuck it out in London for a few years, in the hope that things might get better. But for Puritans the times had only got worse. So Adam and Abigail Mas­ter had joined the great migration to America.

Englishmen had been going to Virginia for two generations. By the time Shakespeare's Globe Theater was performing his plays on the Thames's south bank, half the population of London were smok ing clay pipes of Virginia tobacco. But the number who'd actually left for Virginia was still modest. A few hardy souls had ventured to Massachusetts; other settlements had also started. But it was hardly a migration.

In the second half of King Charles's reign, however, something com­pletely different occurred. The Puritans of England started leaving. From the south, the east, the west, they gathered in groups, sometimes families, sometimes whole communities, and took ship across the Atlantic. There was hardly a week when a vessel wasn't sailing from somewhere. From the mid-1630s, King Charles of England lost about a fiftieth of all his sub­jects in this manner. Gentlemen like Winthrop, young men of means like Harvard, merchants and craftsmen, laborers and preachers, with their wives and children and servants—they all took ship for America, to avoid King Charles and his Archbishop. This was the first real peopling of the American colonies, and it took place in little more than a decade.

King Charles never seemed to have felt any embarrassment at this loss. Indeed, it wasn't a loss; more of a gain. Rather than give him trouble at home, where he was trying to establish his authoritarian rule, they had obligingly gone to settle a huge new extension to his kingdom. Wherever they went on this huge, uncharted American continent, the land was England's; for they were still all his subjects, every one. As for the freedom of worship they enjoyed, it was out of sight, and could probably be cor­rected, later on.

Adam and Abigail Master had gone to Boston. There they had found the harsh, sometimes cruel godliness of the congregation to their liking. They were not, after all, seeking tolerance; they were setting up God's kingdom. And their elder son Eliot had followed them closely in this regard. Studious, cautious, determined, Eliot was everything a Boston father could wish for. But Tom had been another matter.

Tom Master was a fair-haired, blue-eyed fellow. Though he had slightly protruding teeth, women found him attractive. As a little boy, he was slim, always on the move, inventive. By the time he approached man­hood, his whole demeanour suggested a quick, good-humored sharpness. He was full of vigor. But his behavior and his choice of friends left much to be desired.

For even in those early days, it had to be confessed, there were those— seafarers and fishermen, merchants and farmers, to speak nothing of the meaner sort—who were more concerned with the money to be made in Massachusetts than the saving of their souls. The congregation imposed its will as much as possible, but there were many backsliders.

And young Tom, to the great regret of his parents and of his brother Eliot, seemed destined to be heading straight for hell. He did not work at his lessons. He had the ability, but he would not apply himself. He got drunk. He kept bad company. Once, he even missed Sunday worship. And though his father had not spared the rod, he could see after a while that it was not a question of discipline, or precept. There was something deep in Tom that his father did not know how to change.

Adam Master had built up a good, sound practice as a lawyer. He'd bought a farm. He owned a ship. Eliot had studied law, but wanted to preach. Tom had been apprenticed to a merchant, and shown an aptitude for business. That was something, at least.

But two events had broken his father's heart. The first had been when Abigail lay dying. She had sent for her second son and, in the presence of his father, begged him to reform his life. For his own sake, and to help her depart in peace, she begged him to promise her that he would never drink another drop of liquor in his life. By that first step, she hoped, he might yet turn to better ways. And what had he said?

"Aw, hell, Ma. You know I can't promise that." To his mother on her deathbed. Adam could never forgive his son for this incident. He did not quarrel with Tom. He knew it was not what Abigail would have wished. He was polite. He did all that a father should. But he knew that Tom was no good.

So when Tom, at the age of nineteen, had enjoyed his first affair with the wife of a sea captain while that worthy man was away on a voyage— the captain of the very ship that Adam owned—his father managed to keep it quiet, for Eliot's sake. But he told young Tom that he was to leave Massachusetts at once. He had sent him, with a somewhat bleak letter of introduction, to a merchant he knew in London. And with instructions not to return.

Tom had been exiled back to the Old World. He was not good enough for the New.

Tom had liked London. It suited him. Though Cromwell and the Puri­tans had ruled England for a decade, the great experiment in ruling with­out a king had finally descended into confusion and martial law. By the time Tom arrived, the English had restored the dead king's son, a second King Charles, to the throne. And King Charles II was a merry fellow. His younger brother James, the Duke of York, might be proud and stiff, but the King himself was flexible and cautious. He had no wish to be turfed out like his father. After years of exile, he wanted to have fun, and was glad if his subjects did too. He loved chasing women, racing horses and visiting the theater. He also took a genuine interest in science.

The London Tom encountered was on the cusp between two worlds: the medieval, and the modern. With Britain's overseas domains expand­ing, London's busy merchants had many opportu nities to make their for­tunes. Rich aristocrats and gentlemen set the tone of fashion. There were all kinds of entertainment. For a year Tom had been very happy.

And yet, after a while, he'd begun to yearn for America. Not for Boston or his Puritan family, but for other things that were harder to define. A sense of space, of new frontiers, of making the world anew. A longing for freedom. The freedom of the wilderness, perhaps. He couldn't have put it into words.

And now, with his father dead, he supposed there was nothing to stop him returning.

There was another development, also, to be considered. Here in Lon­don, there were rumors that King Charles II and his brother James were taking a new interest in the American colonies. If so, that would be all the more reason for an ambitious young fellow like himself to look toward America again.

So what should he do? Should he stay and enjoy the amusements of London, or venture across the ocean? It would be easy enough to tell the merchant he worked for that with his father dead, Eliot had summoned him home. It certainly wouldn't take him long to pack his few posses­sions. The ship in front of him was leaving tomorrow for Boston. The captain had a berth for him. Should he take it?

He paused, laughed to himself, took out a coin and tossed it. Heads: Boston. Tails: London.

Up in the north, the thunder spoke. But ahead, as the big river reached the open waters of the harbor, was a lake of liquid gold.

Van Dyck had tried to show Pale Feather the significance of the place the night before, using a map he had made himself. Pointing with the stem of his pipe he had explained.

"This line, which runs straight from top to bottom, is the North River. Many days upriver there are big lakes and waterways that extend all the way up to the regions of ice. To the left of the river"—he swept his pipe across the paper—"lies the whole continent of America. To the right," and here he indicated a huge, triangular wedge of land, with its point down and its wide base sweeping out into the Atlantic, "are the territories of Connecticut, Massachusetts and many other places. And here beside them is the great ocean that my people crossed." Tracing his pipe down to the southern tip of the wedge, he indicated another striking feature. For here a long island, about twenty miles across and a hundred miles from end to end, lay moored as it were, alongside the wedge in the Atlantic. Between this island and the mainland coast there was a long, sheltered sound. "All round this area"—he indicated the bottom of the wedge and the neighboring end of the island—"your people dwelt for many genera­tions. And this"—he tapped the southernmost point of the wedge—"is Manhattan."

From the Hardcover edition.

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Table of Contents

Maps

New Amsterdam: 1664 1

New York 50

The Boston Girl: 1735 116

The Philadelphia Girl: 1741 140

Montayne's Tavern: 1758 156

London: 1759 169

Abigail: 1765 187

The Loyalist: 1770 208

The Patriot 234

Vanessa 239

War: March 1776 251

Fire: 1776 275

Love: July 1777 279

The Capital: 1790 343

Niagara: 1825 351

Past Five Points: 1849 363

Crystal Palace: 1853 380

Lincoln: 1860 400

The Draft: 1863 410

Moonlight Sonata: 1871 479

Snow: 1888 496

Old England: 1896 539

Ellis Island: 1901 550

Empire State: 1917 630

Brooklyn: 1953 707

Verrazano Narrows: 1968 757

After Dark: 1977 769

Giving Birth: 1987 792

Millennium 806

The Board Game: September 8, 2001 817

The Towers: September 10, 2001 833

Epilogue: Summer 2009 853

Acknowledgments 861

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Interviews & Essays

RUTHERFURD : NEW YORK ESSAY

Strangely, I suspect it was Viking ancestors who drew me to New York.

For centuries my father's family lived on Britain's biggest tidal river, the Severn, on which there was a huge trade with the interior, and through the port of Bristol with America. In the nineteenth century they were in shipping from the Baltic to the Black Sea, and on the great rivers of Europe - the Rhine, the Danube, even the Russian River Dnieper. I myself was born beside a river - the Avon in Sarum. So when I first encountered New York's great harbor and the Hudson River as a teenager, and came to understand their historic canal and railroad links to the vast spaces of the Midwest, I felt both the thrill of a new adventure, and a deep sense of homecoming.

I first considered writing New York in 1991. I'd been in the city for a decade, was married to an American wife and sending my children to New York schools. I was even on the board of a coop building. But I wasn't sure how to organize such complex material, and for many years I put the project aside.

It was kind encouragement and old-fashioned editing from William Thomas at Doubleday that finally persuaded me to try again. And soon I was hooked.

New York's gift to the storyteller is magnificent: Indian and Dutch beginnings, larger-than-life historical characters like Lord Cornbury the transvestite British Governor, the socialite Mrs Astor, and the titanic J P Morgan, huge events from the Revolutionary War and the Civil War - when New York threatened to secede from the Union - to the Crash of '29 and the tragedy of 9/11. But it's the ordinary people I discover in my research - African slaves, Irish laborers, society ladies and sweatshop workers - whose lives move me most, and who provide so many of my plots and characters.

My own personal experiences also helped. I descend from both Philadelphia Quakers and Carolina colonists whose families were separated by the Revolutionary War. That helped give me insight into the agony of Patriots who, until the British government denied their claims had always, like Ben Franklin himself, thought of themselves as free-born Englishmen. One of my closest friends since university is an Italian immigrant. Understanding the poverty and humiliations of her childhood helped me create the book's Caruso family who came through Ellis Island and lived in Little Italy.

I also love discovering how things work. It was as fascinating to study the history of Wall Street banking - and how financial crises always repeat themselves! - as it was to learn how the Empire State Building was constructed.

But above all, what I love about New York is that people have always come there in search of freedom, and usually found it. I was lucky to be born beside Sarum's Avon. But I'd like my New York children to scatter my ashes in the Hudson.

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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 526 Customer Reviews
  • Posted October 30, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    Masterful

    I bought it while I was at the airport in London and couldn't put it down on the way back to the States. Just as engrossing as it is interesting, NEW YORK is hands down Rutherfurd's best novel. The characters are compelling and fascinating and the stories are deeply poignant. Truly a pleasure to read.

    26 out of 26 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted December 28, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    Gripping, Thrilling, Touching - The best book I've read in a long time!

    The problem I have with most new popular fiction is that it's either too sappy, too gory, or too boring and predictable. "New York-The Novel" kept me riveted throughout. Calling it "historical fiction" does not do it justice. It is a rich tapestry woven from several separate stories with intimate details of a series of people's lives as they cope with the challenges and moral dilemmas of their respective eras, from the Dutch fur trader living in early 1600s New Amsterdam, through several generations of his family as they experience the takeover by English merchants and slave traders, the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, several waves of immigration,the Great Depression, all the way through to September 11, 2001 and beyond. The reader experiences firsthand what it was like to live in New York at various points over the last four centuries through the eyes of descendants of that first fur trader, as well as through the eyes of people whose ancestors first arrived in New York as slaves, as Irish,Italian,and Jewish immigrants, and as transplants from Puerto Rico. The various characters encounter a number of historical figures: from Benjamin Franklin and George Washington,to the Astors, the Vanderbilts and JP Morgan, to Louis Armstrong, to Rudy Giuliani.More importantly, in one way or another, the lives of all these richly drawn characters intertwine with members of the other families. Having been privy to the struggles of the modern day characters' great-great-great-great- grandparents, the reader often has an better understanding of what drives these individuals even more than they do themselves, and how much their triumphs really mean in the light of what prevous generations had to suffer through for them to be able to be what they are today. One reason some people avoid reading "historical fiction" is that they "already know what's going to happen". You know that the Redcoats will be coming. You know the stock market is going to crash.You know the Dodgers are going to leave for California. You know exactly what time the Towers are going to collapse. And yet..."New York-The Novel" manages to be suspenseful and thrilling, because you come to know and care about the characters, and what you DON'T know is what is going to happen to them as individuals as history inexorably marches on. Each character in their own way is flawed, and yet somehow, heroic. "New York-The Novel" will make you laugh, will make you cry, would make a great HBO miniseries, but beyond all that, it is the story of a city and the people that made it what it is today. After reading it, you will never look at the New York skyline, or Times Square, or Wall Street quite the same way again.

    22 out of 22 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 9, 2009

    Really enjoyed it

    I had never read a Rutherfurd book before, but I was able to nab this new one on my way back from a business trip and found it to be really interesting. Very intelligently written and a great read. With all the news about Wall Street these days that you almost forget how amazing the history of New York City is. Would highly recommend picking it up--I'm planning on sending several out to the Christmas list.

    12 out of 12 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 28, 2009

    Excellent Book...

    Absolutely loved this book. If you into historical fiction, this one is for you. He is a great author. All of his books are just great.

    8 out of 8 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted April 17, 2010

    more from this reviewer

    Thorough History

    This book is a wonderful look at the history of New York from its inception. As a history teacher, I knew the facts. Rutherford takes the facts and makes them interesting and even arresting. Some of the best historical fiction I have read recently.

    7 out of 7 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 16, 2010

    more from this reviewer

    New York, author Edward Rutherfurd

    I have just finished the novel New York by Edward Rutherfurd and as in each of Rutherfurds previous novels I found it to be enlightening, factual, as well as entertaining. As a student of History in my opinion Rutherfurd never fails to reveal so much factual History, that I was not aware of and then make the historical facts so much more entertaining with his cast of fictional charachter's which he intermingles with true historical figures of their time.
    My first Rutherfurd Read was Sarum and that rendering caused me to become an addicted Edward Rutherfurd fan, and with the finish of each additional novel I am forced to suffer the wait until his next rendering. Please don't keep me waiting for very long Edward.

    6 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted March 12, 2010

    I Also Recommend:

    New York: Sneaky History Lessons

    Teachers always had to trick me into learning, especially if I thought I might have to work at absorbing the subject matter at hand. This tome (not nearly as scary as it sounds) by Edward Rutherford did an excellent job of this, simply by being rich in casual details. So many little things: early in the narrative, the author mentions that there is a farm on Manhattan owned by a man with the last name of Jonkers. We realize that, in Dutch, it would've been pronounced "Yonkers," and voila! We have the modern name, pronounced the same but with "updated" spelling, of that section of the present version of this grand city. We suddenly understand that we still have with us, in a sense, the original Jonkers farm. Pretty tricky! And the author did not beat me over the head with a sledge hammer to make the point. I was able to absorb the fact in passing, just as I was able to absorb the fact that this book is not about the individual (fictional) characters we meet, but about the sweep of history that this now uber-urban setting has behind it.

    The book continues in this way, introducing new characters as they are born and following them in the format of a loose family tree stretching across the centuries of its development. And while you might expect the experience to be like watching Orson Welles's "Citizen Kane" followed by the interminable "Magnificent Ambersons" (award-winning though both those films be), it only feels that way if you try to treat the book like a beach novel meant to be read in the course of a single sunburn. Divided as it is into time-based chapters, the book is easy to put down, as necessary, and pick up again without losing the thread. Thus, the episodic nature of the subject is easily assimilated in short doses over time. No need to sunburn at all.

    In a way, you might liken the experience to reading a public television series, but far more convenient. You will come out of it knowing more than you realize about the US's grandest city and how it came to be that way. By the time you finish this book, it will be entirely logical and sensible that a backwater, swampy island worth but a pile of beads layed out by early explorer-settlers in the 16th century became the most revered (and feared and hated) metropolis in the entire world by the 20th century.

    5 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted June 12, 2011

    more from this reviewer

    Amazing, if you love New York...

    From the very first page to the last, a totally engrossing mix of actual history along with a story to a few families whose lives had been entwined through out the decades. I live near Manhattan, so I found this book to be so informative, made me say to myself "So thats how it got it's name" A wonderful read, so happy I had taken the opportunity to read this one.

    4 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted June 10, 2011

    more from this reviewer

    Great Book

    If you love New York you will love this book. If you don't like New York you will like it a little more.
    The book is the history of New York City from the Dutch through modern day. Several families inter twine through the years. Great historical fiction.
    I was skepticle, due to the books size (over 790 nook pages) that it would hold my interest, but I found that it was hard to put down and I was sorry to see it end.
    I highly recommend this book.

    4 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 2, 2010

    I Also Recommend:

    Worth the read

    I first learned of this book on The Daily Beast's Hot Books of the Week feature- having never read any of Rutherford's other books I wasn't sure what to expect. I admit I had a hard time getting started on this book and actually started it, put it aside, read a couple of other books and then came back to it. I am certainly glad I picked it up again and had the opportunity to read this book. I thought it was wonderful. My only complaint is that the attention paid to all the different time periods was a bit uneven- Rutherford devoted a great deal of time to the early eras of New York but as the book wound down it seems that the latter eras were not explored as thoroughly but overall I would have to say this was one of my favorite books of the year.

    4 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted July 9, 2011

    Could have been so much better

    As a new yorker I was interested in this book for obvious reasons. Unfortunately I was left disappointed. Too much of the book was written from a white old money perspective. The brief references to diverse cultures were hollow and left me feeling like I was reading an immigrants story from a white rich man's perspective. The author seemed to lose steam towards the end, but I can't blame him- writing 500 years of history is a monumental task. I found myself wishing the book would end already. This book had a lot of potential but fell flat, but i still think it was worth reading.

    3 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 24, 2011

    new york, a book for aspiring new yorkers where ever you are

    this is an excellent read and has unearthed lots of facts about the history anc culture of the city i never knew. its very fast moving and yet subtle in its approach to character development. i loved it. o

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 20, 2011

    Excellent

    Rutherford has long been my favorite author of historical fiction and this was one of his best. New York was a compelling read from the beginning and made the city come alive.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted February 20, 2010

    Must Read

    I have not finished "New York," but I am thoroughly enjoying it. I am relearning some of the history I've forgotten through the eyes of well-drawn characters. The thoughtfulness and research done by Edward Rutherfurd in his books is awesome.

    2 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 9, 2010

    more from this reviewer

    I Also Recommend:

    Horray for New York

    Great read with old fashioned page turning. What a wonderful read for a cold, winter night...the only problem it is hard to put down. I didn't like London, but I loved New York. Maybe, because I'm a New Yorker but for those who aren't, what a great introduction to the greatest city.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted December 20, 2009

    Excellent historical fiction.

    As are other books I've read by this author, this book is easy to read, engaging and a fun way to learn some background about an area. The fictional characters mix the the historical seamlessly. An excellent way to spend some time.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 9, 2012

    Good, but not Russka, Sarum, or London

    Good read, but in my opinion not as compelling or as well researched as his other stellar books. Grant at Gettysburg? Wow, the editors were asleep on that one

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 5, 2012

    Awesome? AWESOME

    A page turner i loved it!

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 25, 2012

    An absolute delight!

    Fun epic novel about NY City from the first settlements to present day. Rutherford is at his storytelling best with this one.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 28, 2011

    Loved the book

    I have only been to New York twice but am going again soon. It was nice to read about the history of New York in a fiction setting i liked how he intertwined the characters over the years.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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