New York State Government: 2nd Edition / Edition 2

New York State Government: 2nd Edition / Edition 2

by Robert B. Ward

ISBN-10: 1930912161

ISBN-13: 9781930912168

Pub. Date: 11/30/2006

Publisher: Rockefeller, Nelson A. Institute of Government, The

Robert B. Ward’s New York State Government has been expanded and updated to provide a more thorough grounding in the state Constitution, the three branches of government in Albany, and the broad scope of state activities and services. Accessibly written, this book sheds new light on why and how New York State government changes over time in response to motivated…  See more details below


Robert B. Ward’s New York State Government has been expanded and updated to provide a more thorough grounding in the state Constitution, the three branches of government in Albany, and the broad scope of state activities and services. Accessibly written, this book sheds new light on why and how New York State government changes over time in response to motivated leaders and the will of the people. The second edition includes new analyses of the following issues: the balance of budget powers between the Governor and the Legislature; state education funding in light of the Campaign for Fiscal Equity court cases; government reform issues in the state; and the often contentious relationship between Albany and local governments throughout the state.

Product Details

Rockefeller, Nelson A. Institute of Government, The
Publication date:
Rockefeller Institute Press Series
Edition description:
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1Introduction: A Day in the Life1
A Broad Impact4
Why This Book?5
A Key Question: What Does State Government Do?6
Government Responds8
Ch. 2The Constitution11
Changes Over Time12
The National Context13
New York's First Constitution15
The 1821 Constitutional Convention: Historic Changes16
More Power to the People: The 1846 Convention17
Development of the Modern Constitution: 1894-193818
The Constitution at the Turn of the 21st Century: A Bill Of Rights - Right at the Start20
Structure of State Government: The Legislature25
Structure of State Government: The Governor26
The Comptroller and Attorney General29
Structure of State Government: The Judiciary32
What Government Must, May, and Cannot Do32
Has the Time for Major Change Passed?37
Ch. 3The Governor and Other Statewide Elected Leaders41
A Powerful Executive42
Who Becomes Governor of New York?47
What Does the Governor Do?48
Enacting Laws: Constitutional Powers, Political Influence49
The Power of the Spotlight54
The Administrator-in-Chief55
Limits to Executive Authority58
The Governor's Staff: The "Second Floor"59
Governor's Legislation61
Assessing Governors62
The Lieutenant Governor65
Beyond the Governor68
The Comptroller69
The $112 Billion Job72
The Attorney General75
Ch. 4The Legislature79
The Basics81
From Royal Control to the Will of the People82
"One Man, One Vote"85
The Powers of the Legislature90
Limits on Power93
How Do The Houses Work?95
How a Bill Becomes a Law: The Basics98
The Role of the Leadership98
The Committee System102
The Minority: An Important Voice104
A "Professional" Legislature108
Conference Committees: What Was Old is New Again109
Who Are They? Members of the Legislature Today110
Representative Democracy = Politics113
Getting Elected115
Ch. 5The Judiciary117
State Courts: The Mainstream of the U.S. Judiciary119
Structure of the Courts120
The Constitution on the Courts121
An "Absurdly Complex" System124
The Trial Courts125
Appellate Courts128
The Court of Appeals129
Powers of the Courts131
Checks on the Courts' Powers133
The Judges135
The People's Courts: The Juror's Role137
Ch. 6Appointed Officials, Administrative Law, and the Bureaucracy141
Policy, Powers, and People142
The Power of Appointed Officials143
Patronage, or Performance?144
State Agency Powers: Regulation147
Regulating Business Relationships148
Public Service Commission148
Banking and Insurance Regulation150
Authority Under the Law154
Regulating the Regulators: SAPA157
Executive Chamber Oversight of Regulations161
Beyond SAPA164
From SAPA to GORR165
Regulatory Agencies and the Courts166
Ch. 7The Workforce169
Who Are the State's Workers?169
The Legal Environment: Yesterday and Today172
The Taylor Law175
Resolving Disputes Under the Taylor Law177
Bargaining Units and Unions178
Repairing a "Calcified" Civil-Service System179
Employee Relations in the 21st Century181
Ch. 8State Government's Biggest Job: The Budget183
Who Are the Players?184
What's in the Budget: The Spending Side185
Priorities Change186
How to Measure the Budget?188
The Executive Budget Process189
How the Process Unfolds192
The Legislature's Role194
A Contentious Process195
A 27-Month Budget Process196
Recent Reforms to the Budget Process198
Where Does the Money Come From?199
Cutting Taxes201
More Than Meets The Eye203
The Role of Borrowing205
Who Decides, and How?206
The Balance of Power208
How New York Compares209
Why Is Government in New York More Expensive?211
Budget Watchdogs212
Ch. 9Health and Mental Hygiene215
A Multi-Tiered System217
Where It Began: Public Health218
State Government's Growing Involvement219
A Broad Range of Powers220
Regulating and Providing Health Care222
Expanding Services, and Growing Costs225
Political Support228
Hospital Funding and Long-term Care228
Medicaid Managed Care229
Expanding Health Coverage231
Regulating Health Services231
Health Department Institutions232
Vital Statistics and Other Responsibilities234
Mental Hygiene235
Mental Health239
Mental Retardation240
Alcoholism and Substance Abuse241
Overseeing Quality of Care242
Ch. 10Education243
Overview of Education Policymaking244
The Regents: Broad Powers245
The Constitution and the Board of Regents246
Early Public Education in New York248
Academics: Curriculum, Teaching, and Assessment252
Operational Mandates256
Charter Schools257
School Finance259
Private Schools and Home Schooling264
The Lottery and Education265
Higher Education266
Creating SUNY268
SUNY University Centers271
City University of New York272
Influences on Education Policy273
Regulation of Professions275
Serving Individuals with Disabilities276
State Museum and Archives277
Ch. 11Transportation, Economic Development, and Public Authorities279
Early Transportation and the Great Canal280
Growth and Decline of the Canal System282
Changes in Administrative Structure283
The Modern Department of Transportation283
The Thruway287
Mass Transportation288
Airports and Other Responsibilities290
Economic Development291
The Business Climate293
The "Coupon" Strategy295
A Major New Incentive Program297
What Works in Economic Development?297
New York's Advantages and Competitive Challenges299
Public Authorities300
Ch. 12Labor and Family Assistance305
An Overview306
Helping the Poor: Early Efforts307
State and County Governments Get Involved309
Cash Assistance310
The Road to Welfare Reform312
The Role of the State Constitution314
The Changing Politics of Welfare315
Welfare Reform in New York316
After Reform318
A New Administrative Structure320
A State and Local System322
Office of Children and Family Services323
Child Care324
Protecting Children325
Foster Care325
Labor Policy in New York328
Labor Starts to Gain Power329
Early Legislation331
The Triangle Fire Leads to More Laws332
Labor's Modern Political Involvement333
The Labor Department Today335
Unemployment Insurance336
Job Services337
Regulating Wages338
Workers' Compensation339
Ch. 13Public Protection343
Crime in New York346
The Penal Law347
Evolving Concepts of What the Law Should Proscribe349
The Police351
The State Police353
Other Police and Peace Officers356
Prosecution and the Courts357
Protections for the Accused358
The Role of the Attorney General361
Disposition of Offenders and Sentencing362
The Prisons: Punishment and Rehabilitation363
Development of Prisons in New York364
Modern Administration of Corrections366
Recent Changes in Corrections370
Probation and Parole372
Younger Offenders373
Tougher Punishment, More Programming374
Commission of Correction377
Help for Crime Victims378
Homeland Security378
Ch. 14Environment and Parks381
Long Before Earth Day382
'Make It a Forest Forever'383
The Conservation Department385
The Emerging Issue of Environmental Quality386
DEC and the Environmental Conservation Law387
DEC Today390
Lands and Forests397
Conservation Officers and Forest Rangers398
Related Agencies399
The Adirondacks: A Special Case399
Environmental Progress400
Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation401
Origins of the State Parks System404
Historic Preservation406
A Broad Agenda406
Ch. 15The People's Government409
Political Parties412
Regulation of Lobbying416
New Rules for Lobbying417
A Variety of Interests in Albany419
Campaign Contributions421
What Purpose Do Political Contributions Serve?422
What Can a Citizen Do?423
The Role of Interest Groups424
Strategies for Influencing Policy425
Open Government427
The News Media430
Performance Measurement in New York432
Does Measurement Improve Performance?434
Performance Measurement on the Rise Nationally435
Ch. 16Federalism: What Is the Role of State Governments?437
Federalism Today439
Why a Federal Form of Government?439
Still Important441
The Future of Federalism443
AppA Legislative Case Study: Domestic Relations Law445

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