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By 1814, with war coming to a close in Europe, the Americans decided to launch one last, major land offensive in an attempt to seize Canada. Although previous ...
By 1814, with war coming to a close in Europe, the Americans decided to launch one last, major land offensive in an attempt to seize Canada. Although previous attempts had most often ended in disaster, the American army of 1814 contained several highly trained units under competent leadership including the legendary Winfield Scott. This final Niagara campaign saw a number of pitched battles including Chippawa, Lundy's Lane, and Cook's Mill, where the American Bluecoats matched the British shot for shot. However, due to poor planning at the highest levels of American office, the campaign was ultimately a failure and the result ensured the survival of Canada as an independent state.
A critically-acclaimed researcher on the War of 1812, author John Latimer presents a new look at an oft-forgotten yet crucially important campaign in the history of North America.
Origins of the Campaign 5
Opposing Commanders 14
Opposing Forces 18
Orders of battle
Opposing Plans 26
The Niagara Campaign 29
An uneasy calm
Fort Erie Assault
Cook's Mills and Malcolm's Mills
The Battlefields Today 91
The War of 1812 is a fairly forgotten time in American History. This book looks at the American invasion of Canada during the last year of the war. In typical Osprey fashion, the narrative is accompanied by period illustrations, exclusive paintings by artist Graham Turner, and 3-D maps of the prominent battles.
Several battles are covered, including the siege of Fort Erie, Chippawa, and Lundy's Lane - fought within earshot of Niagara Falls. The battles were fought in July and August of 1814, and the reader must wonder how the soldiers could fight, clad in heavy wool uniforms. Still, both sides exhibited outstanding courage while facing the "big guns".
Turner's paintings depict key moments in the battles, and, along with the other color and b & w illustrations, give a good idea of what the participants looked like.
Chapters on the origins of the campaign, commanders, the aftermath, and the battlefield today are included in this 96 page book.
Recommended to military history buffs, and those interested in the historical background of the Niagara region of Canada.