Nicomachean Ethics: Aristotle / Edition 1

Nicomachean Ethics: Aristotle / Edition 1

by Martin Ostwald, Aristotle

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ISBN-10: 0023895306

ISBN-13: 9780023895302

Pub. Date: 01/01/1962

Publisher: Pearson

Of Aristotle's works, few have had as lasting an influence on subsequent Western thought as The Nicomachean Ethics. In it, he argues that happiness consists in “activity of the soul in accordance with virtue,” defining “virtue” as both moral (courage, generosity, and justice) and intellectual (knowledge, wisdom, and insight). Aristotle also discusses the nature


Of Aristotle's works, few have had as lasting an influence on subsequent Western thought as The Nicomachean Ethics. In it, he argues that happiness consists in “activity of the soul in accordance with virtue,” defining “virtue” as both moral (courage, generosity, and justice) and intellectual (knowledge, wisdom, and insight). Aristotle also discusses the nature of practical reasoning, the different forms of friendship, and the relationship between individual virtue and the state. Featuring a lucid translation, a new introduction, updated suggestions for further reading, and a chronology of Aristotle's life and works, this is the authoritative edition of a seminal intellectual masterpiece.

Author Biography: Aristotle (384–322 b.c.) studied under Plato at the Academy and later established his school, the Lyceum, which attracted a large number of scholars.

Jonathan Barnes is professor of ancient philosophy at the University of Geneva. He translated and edited the Penguin Classics edition of Early Greek Philosophy.

J. A. K. Thomson was professor emeritus of classics at King's College, London, until his death in 1959.

Hugh Tredennick was professor of classics at Royal Holloway College and Dean of the Faculty of Arts at London University.

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New Edition
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5.30(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Conventionsxi
Nicomachean Ethics1
Book I[Happiness]1
1.[Ends and Goods]1
2.[The Highest Good and Political Science]1
3.[The Method of Political Science]2
4.[Common Beliefs]3
5.[The Three Lives]4
6.[The Platonic Form of the Good]5
7.[An Account of the Human Good]7
8.[Defense of the Account of the Good]10
9.[How Is Happiness Achieved?]12
10.[Can We Be Happy during Our Lifetime?]13
11.[How Happiness Can Be Affected after One's Death]15
12.[Praise and Honor]15
13.[Introduction to the Virtues]16
Book II[Virtue of Character]18
1.[How a Virtue of Character Is Acquired]18
3.[The Importance of Pleasure and Pain]20
4.[Virtuous Actions versus Virtuous Character]22
5.[Virtue of Character: Its Genus]23
6.[Virtue of Character: Its Differentia]23
7.[The Particular Virtues of Character]25
8.[Relations between Mean and Extreme States]27
9.[How Can We Reach the Mean?]29
Book III[Preconditions of Virtue]30
1.[Voluntary Action]30
5.[Virtue and Vice Are in Our Power]37
[The Individual Virtues of Character]40
6.[Bravery; Its Scope]40
7.[Bravery; Its Characteristic Outlook]41
8.[Conditions That Resemble Bravery]42
9.[Feelings Proper to Bravery]44
10.[Temperance; Its Scope]45
11.[Temperance; Its Outlook]47
Book IV49
4.[The Virtue Concerned with Small Honors]60
Book V[Justice]67
1.[Varieties of Justice]67
2.[Special Justice Contrasted with General]69
3.[Justice in Distribution]71
4.[Justice in Rectification]72
5.[Justice in Exchange]74
6.[Political Justice]77
7.[Justice by Nature and by Law]78
8.[Justice, Injustice, and the Voluntary]79
9.[Puzzles about Justice and Injustice]80
11.[Injustice to Oneself]84
Book VI[Virtues of Thought]86
1.[The Mean and the Virtues of Thought]86
2.[Thought, Desire, and Decision]87
3.[Scientific Knowledge]87
4.[Craft Knowledge]88
7.[Wisdom versus Prudence]90
8.[Types of Prudence]92
9.[Good Deliberation]93
11.[Practical Thought and Particulars]95
12.[Puzzles about Prudence and Wisdom]96
13.[Prudence and Virtue of Character]98
Book VII[Incontinence]99
1.[Virtue, Vice, and Incontinence]99
2.[Puzzles about Incontinence]100
3.[Incontinence and Ignorance]102
4.[Simple Incontinence]104
5.[Bestiality and Disease]106
6.[Incontinence and Related Conditions]107
7.[Incontinence, Intemperance, and Softness]109
8.[Why Intemperance Is Worse than Incontinence]110
10.[Answers to Further Questions about Incontinence]113
11.[Questions about Pleasure]114
12.[Pleasure and Good]115
13.[Pleasure and Happiness]116
14.[Bodily Pleasures]117
Book VIII[Friendship]119
1.[Common Beliefs and Questions]119
2.[The Object of Friendship]120
3.[The Three Types of Friendship]121
4.[Comparison between the Types of Friendship]123
5.[State and Activity in Friendship]124
6.[Activities Characteristic of the Different Types of Friendship]125
7.[Friendship between Unequals]127
8.[Giving and Receiving in Friendship]128
9.[Friendship in Communities]129
10.[Political Systems]130
11.[Friendships in Political Systems]131
12.[Friendships in Families]132
13.[Disputes in Friendships between Equals]134
14.[Disputes in Friendships between Unequals]136
Book IX137
1.[Friends with Dissimilar Aims]137
2.[Conflicts between Different Types of Friendships]139
3.[Dissolution of Friendships]140
4.[Self-love and Friendship]141
5.[Goodwill and Friendship]143
6.[Friendship and Concord]144
7.[Active Benevolence and Friendship]145
8.[Self-love and Selfishness]146
9.[Why Are Friends Needed?]148
10.[How Many Friends Are Needed?]150
11.[Friends in Good and Ill Fortune]151
12.[Shared Activity in Friendship]152
Book X[Pleasure]153
1.[The Right Approach to Pleasure]153
2.[Arguments about Pleasure]154
3.[Pleasure Is a Good, but Not the Good]155
4.[Pleasure Is an Activity]157
5.[Pleasures Differ in Kind]159
[Happiness: Further Discussion]162
6.[Conditions for Happiness]162
7.[Happiness and Theoretical Study]163
8.[Theoretical Study and the Other Virtues]165
[From Ethics to Politics]167
9.[Moral Education]167
Further Reading355

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