Nietzsche and Antiquity: His Reaction and Response to the Classical Tradition

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Overview

This volume collects a wide-ranging set of essays examining Friedrich Nietzsche's engagement with antiquity in all its aspects. It investigates Nietzsche's reaction and response to the concept of "classicism," with particular reference to his work on Greek culture as a philologist in Basel and later as a philosopher of modernity, and to his reception of German classicism in all his texts. The book should be of interest to students of ancient history and classics, philosophy, comparative literature, and Germanistik. Taken together, these papers suggest that classicism is both a more significant, and a more contested, concept for Nietzsche than is often realized, and it demonstrates the need for a return to a close attention to the intellectual-historical context in terms of which Nietzsche saw himself operating. An awareness of the rich variety of academic backgrounds, methodologies, and techniques of reading evinced in these chapters is perhaps the only way for the contemporary scholar to come to grips with what classicism meant for Nietzsche, and hence what Nietzsche means for us today. The book is divided into five sections — The Classical Greeks; Pre-Socratics and Pythagoreans, Cynics and Stoics; Nietzsche and the Platonic Tradition; Contestations; and German Classicism — and constitutes the first major study of Nietzsche and the classical tradition in a quarter of a century. The contributors are Jessica N. Berry, Benjamin Biebuyck, Danny Praet and Isabelle Vanden Poel, Paul Bishop, R. Bracht Branham, Thomas Brobjer, David Campbell, Alan Cardew, Roy Elveton, Christian Emden, Simon Gillham, John Hamilton, Mark Hammond, Albert Henrichs, Dirk t.D. Held, David F. Horkott, Dylan Jaggard, Fiona Jenkins, Anthony K. Jensen, Laurence Lampert, Nicholas Martin, Thomas A. Meyer, Burkhard Meyer-Sickendiek, John S. Moore, Neville Morley, David N. McNeill, James I. Porter, Martin A. Ruehl, Herman Siemens, Barry Stocker, Friedrich Ulfers and Mark Daniel Cohen, and Peter Yates.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction 1
Nietzsche, Homer, and the Classical Tradition 7
"Unhistorical Greeks": Myth, History, and the Uses of Antiquity 27
Breeding Greeks: Nietzsche, Gobineau, and Classical Theories of Race 40
Ecce Philologus: Nietzsche and Pindar's Second Pythian Ode 54
Nietzsche, Aristotle, and Propositional Discourse 70
"Politeia" 1871: Young Nietzsche on the Greek State 79
Nietzsche and Democritus: The Origins of Ethical Eudaimonism 98
"Full of Gods": Nietzsche on Greek Polytheism and Culture 114
An Impossible Virtue: Heraclitean Justice and Nietzsche's Second Untimely Meditation 139
Cults and Migrations: Nietzsche's Meditations on Orphism, Pythagoreanism, and the Greek Mysteries 151
Nietzsche's Cynicism: Uppercase or lowercase? 170
Nietzsche's Unpublished Fragments on Ancient Cynicism: The First Night of Diogenes 182
Nietzsche's Stoicism: The Depths Are Inside 192
Nietzsche and Plato 205
Nietzsche, Nehemas, and "Self-Creation" 220
God Unpicked 228
Nietzsche's Wrestling with Plato and Platonism 241
On the Relationship of Alcibiades' Speech to Nietzsche's "Problem of Socrates" 260
Dionysus versus Dionysus 277
Rhetoric, Judgment, and the Art of Surprise in Nietzsche's Genealogy 295
How Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals Depicts Psychological Distance between Ancients and Moderns 310
Nietzsche's Aesthetic Solution to the Problem of Epigonism in the Nineteenth Century 318
From Tragedy to Philosophical Novel 329
Nietzsche, Interpretation, and Truth 343
Nietzsche's Remarks on the Classical Tradition: A Prognosis for Western Democracy in the Twenty-First Century 361
The Invention of Antiquity: Nietzsche on Classicism, Classicality, and the Classical Tradition 372
Nietzsche and the "Classical": Traditional and Innovative Features of Nietzsche's Usage, with Special Reference to Goethe 391
Conflict and Repose: Dialectics of the Greek Ideal in Nietzsche and Winckelmann 411
Nietzsche's Ontological Roots in Goethe's Classicism 425
Nietzsche's Anti-Christianity as a Return to (German) Classicism 441
The Dioscuri: Nietzsche and Erwin Rohde 458
Notes on the Contributors 479
Index 485
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