Nigel Calder's Cruising Handbook: A Compendium for Coastal and Offshore Sailors / Edition 1

Nigel Calder's Cruising Handbook: A Compendium for Coastal and Offshore Sailors / Edition 1

by Nigel Calder
     
 

"The indispensable crew. No boat should sail without Calder aboard."—Paul Gelder, Yachting Monthly

This handbook shows you not only how to select and equip a boat for coastal and offshore cruising, but also how to sail and navigate it. Covering all this in one volume is a monumental task, one not attempted since the pioneers of blue-water voyaging

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Overview

"The indispensable crew. No boat should sail without Calder aboard."—Paul Gelder, Yachting Monthly

This handbook shows you not only how to select and equip a boat for coastal and offshore cruising, but also how to sail and navigate it. Covering all this in one volume is a monumental task, one not attempted since the pioneers of blue-water voyaging wrote the first generation of cruising bibles decades ago. Since that simpler, more spartan era, the typical cruising sailboat has become faster and more comfortable, but also more complex. Even as they've made distant horizons more reachable, the marvels of modern technology have paradoxically raised the ante on the entry-level skills required for cruising. Small wonder then that books about boat handling and seamanship have little to say about the special demands of cruising, while books about cruising presuppose a mastery of the fundamentals of seamanship and navigation.

Nigel Calder's Cruising Handbookpresupposes nothing. It sifts through, organizes, and makes sense of the hundred disciplines of the cruising avocation. It will help you through your first coastal hop or your umpteenth offshore passage. Here you will find

  • Comprehensive coverage of cruising sailboat design
  • The elements of a comfortable interior and a workable deck presented in depth
  • The background you need to decide which of today's technological advancements may detract from rather than add to your cruising enjoyment
  • Thorough coverage of cruising skills, from boat handling to transoceanic voyaging
  • Fresh wrinkles for even the most experienced sailors

Compiling in one volume all the knowledge needed for successful cruising under sail, Nigel Calder's Cruising Handbook provides an inestimable service for sailors. There is nothing else like it.

"If you were shipwrecked on a desert island and could choose only one book to help get you off, this is the book."—Patience Wales, Editor, SAIL

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071350990
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
05/07/2001
Pages:
608
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Front Matter


Preface


Acknowledgments


Introduction


Part One: The Boat


Chapter 1. A Boat for Cruising


Basic Design Parameters


Length-Beam Ratio; Keel Types; Displacement Calculations; Ballast Ratio; Displacement-Length Ratio; Overhangs; Waterplanes and Immersion; Comfort Factor; Sail Area-Displacement Ratio; Stability Curves and Ratio; Capsize Screening Value and STIX Number; Maintaining Control; Speed-Length Ratio; Buttocks, Diagonals, and Aft Sections; Speed versus Comfort

Getting Down to Details


Construction Materials; Cored Hulls and Decks; Hull-to-Deck Joints; Structural Reinforcements; Keels; Rudders and Skegs; Skegs and Propellers; Bilge Water and Tankage

Conclusion


Chapter 2. On Deck


Rigs and Rigging


Rig Options; Masts, Spreaders, and Shroud Angles; Holding Up the Mast; Roller-Reefing Foresails; Mainsail; Odds and Ends

Cockpits and Deck Layout


Center or Aft Cockpit; Basic Parameters and the Comfort Factor; Steering; Dodgers and Biminis; Cockpit Flooding; Deck Design and Layout; Stowage

Dealing with Ground Tackle


Bow Platform; Deck Layout; Anchor Wells; Chain Locker; Windlasses

Addendum: Carbon Fiber Masts


Lightning and Other Survival Issues

Chapter 3. Cruising Accommodations: Fusing Functionality at Sea with Comfort on the Hook


General Considerations


Minimizing Motion; Keeping Things in Place; Insulation; Ventilation; Air Conditioning and Heating

Specific Spaces


Navigation Station; Wet Locker; Galley; Saloon; Forecabins, Quarter Berths, and Aft Cabins; Head Compartment

Conclusion


Addendum: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning


Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Chapter 4. Electrical Systems


A Balanced System


Keeping the Load Down; The Supply Side; Supplementary Sources of Power; Defining the Limits; Miscellaneous DC Systems Issues

DC to AC Inverters


Sizing an Inverter; DC and AC Installations

Over-Current Protection and High-Current Circuits


What Size Fuse or Circuit Breaker?; High-Current Circuits; Check Your Own Boat

Low-Energy Refrigeration


Efficiency; Versatility; Insulate, Insulate, Insulate; Enhancing Performance; Effective Refrigeration

Low-Energy Lighting


Fluorescent Lights; LED Lighting; Halogen Lights

AC Systems


Safety; Corrosion; Miscellaneous AC Systems Comments

Bonding, Zinc Anodes, and Lightning Protection


Stray-Current Corrosion and Bonding; Lightning Protection

Conclusion


Chapter 5. The Rest of the Systems


The Engine and Propeller


How Big an Engine?; Propeller Sizing; Propeller Matters; Peripheral Systems; Living with an Engine

Fuel and Water Tanks


Metal Tanks; Plastic Tanks; Freshwater Systems; Watermakers

Bilge Pumps


Flooding Rates and Pumping Capacities; Improving Performance: Hoses and Check Valves; Improving Performance: Electrical Considerations; Float Switches; Keeping Dry Below Decks

Through-Hulls, Seacocks, and Hoses


Quality Through-Hulls and Seacocks; Hoses

Propane Installations


The Problem of Refills When Cruising

Making Equipment Choices


What Spares to Carry?

Chapter 6. Acquisition Strategies


Defining Priorities


What Size Boat?; To Build or Not to Build; Commissioning Costs

Used-Boat Market


Refurbishing an Older Sailboat; Old Racing Boats; A Survey; Go Sailing as Soon as Possible!

Cruising-Boat Questionnaire and Checklist of Desirable Features


Part Two: Cruising Skills


Chapter 7. Boat Handling under Power and Sail


Maneuvering under Power


Close Quarters Maneuvering under Power; Docking (Mooring) Lines; Docking Situations; The Mediterranean Moor; Getting in and out of Slips; Picking up and Leaving a Mooring

Sailing Skills


A Little Theory (of Sorts!); Going to Windward; Using Telltales; Adjusting Draft; Tacking; Reaching; Running before the Wind; Double Headsails; Spinnakers; Cruising Spinnakers; Weather Helm and Lee Helm; Motor Sailing

Tuning a Rig


Preparatory Measurements; Static Tuning; Dynamic Tuning at Sea

Chapter 8. Piloting, Navigation, and the Rules of the Road


Paper Charts


Chart Construction; Chart Terminology and Symbols; Chart Corrections; Other Nautical Publications

Buoyage Systems and Lighthouses


Lateral and Cardinal Marks; Lighthouses; Picking out Navigation Marks

Compasses and Plotting


Compass Basics; Compass Installation and Adjustment; Transferring Bearings to and from a Chart; Plotting Positions

Basic Piloting


Dead Reckoning; Estimated Positions, and Set and Drift; Fixes; Plotting Conventions; Tides, Tidal Currents, and Currents; Keeping a Logbook; Expanding the Piloting Repertoire; Complex Situations, Fog, and Coral

Electronic Navigation


Chart and GPS Datums; Electronic Charting; Radar Navigation

Rules of the Road


Basic Rules; Sound (and Light) Signals; Navigation Lights

In Perspective


Addendum: One Person's Ellipsoid Is Another Person's Shipwreck


Newton versus the Cassini Family; From Sphere to Ellipsoid; From Ellipsoid to Geoid; A New Age; Nautical Peculiarities; Avoiding Reefs

Chapter 9. Anchoring, Running Aground, and Kedging Off


Ground Tackle


Calculating the Load; Matching the Components; Chain Rodes; Rope Rodes; How Much Rode?; Anchor Choices

Anchoring


Anchoring Routine; Setting and Retrieving an Anchor under Sail; Setting More than One Anchor; Retrieving (Weighing) an Anchor

Running Aground and Kedging Off


Running Aground under Sail; Running Aground on a Rising Tide; Running Aground on a Falling Tide; Running Aground in Tideless Waters; Towing and Salvage

Chapter 10. The Ditty Bag


Modern Ropes


A Look at Construction; Caring for Ropes

Marlinespike Seamanship


Knots; Eye Splices; Seizings and Whippings; Ratlines

Sails


Materials and Construction; Maintenance and Repairs

Dinghies


Hard versus Inflatable; Inflatable Options; Getting a Dinghy on and off a Boat; Miscellaneous Dinghy Thoughts

Foul-Weather Gear


Features; Layering and the Extremities

Safety-Related Equipment


Life Jackets and Harnesses; Crew Overboard Maneuvers; Fire Extinguishers

Chapter 11. Weather Predictions and Heavy-Weather Sailing


Basic Theory


Adding Wind and Putting a Spin on These Processes; Pressure Changes, Isobars, and Wind Direction; Relative Humidity, Air Masses, Stability, and Instability; Frontal Systems; The Jet Stream and the 500-Millibar Chart; The Big Picture

Coastal Cruising: Putting Theory to Use


Onshore and Offshore Winds; Thunderstorms; Fog

Offshore Cruising: Putting Theory to Use


Things to Monitor; Signs of Change; Ocean Currents

Extreme Weather Situations


Hurricanes and Typhoons; Rapidly Intensifying Lows (Meteorological Bombs); Microbursts

Heavy-Weather Sailing


Being Prepared; Heaving-To; Lying Ahull; Running Off; Sea Anchors; Dealing with Flooding; Abandoning Ship

Conclusion


Chapter 12. Extended Cruising and Staying in Touch


Logistical Considerations


Provisioning; Ensuring Safe Water; Environmental Issues; Finding Crew; Financial Matters and Insurance; Bureaucracy; Children Onboard

Staying Healthy


Seasickness; Good Health in Tropical Climates; Diarrhea; Childhood Infections and Infestations; Avoiding Mosquito-Borne and Other Transmittable Diseases; Cuts, Scratches, Insect Bites, and Marine Hazards

Staying in Touch


Big Ship Developments; VHF Radio; Marine SSB and Ham SSB Radio; Inmarsat; Satellite and Cell (Mobile) Phones; E-Mail; Making Decisions; Snail Mail

Postscript


Bibliography


Metric Conversions and Trademarks


Index


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