Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling & Production, 3rd Ed. / Edition 3

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Overview

In this popular text that has trained thousands in the petroleum industry for years, Dr. Norman Hyne takes readers through upstream operations-from how oil and gas are formed; how to find commercial quantities; how to drill, evaluate, and complete a well-all the way through production and improved oil recovery. He uses lots of pictures, graphs, and illustrations to aid readers in understanding topics and to provide necessary visuals.

Read it cover-to-cover as a complete primer, read it a section at a time as it comes up in your profession, and keep it handy as a quick reference.

A chapter on unconventional oil and gas (including gas shales)

Modern tools used in well logging

Modern drilling rig methods and equipment

Expanded glossary includes 1,500 new terms

62 new figures and 6 new plates

Up-to-date statistics

About the author

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Covers the process of petroleum exploration from identifying its features within the earth's crust, to its extraction in the wells. Rudimentary diagrams compliment explanations of such topics as the nature of oil and gas; the earth's crust; identification of common rocks and minerals; source rocks, generation, migration, and accumulation of petroleum; geological and geochemical petroleum exploration; drilling preliminaries, mechanics, and techniques; reservoir mechanics and reserves; and improved oil recovery. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781593702694
  • Publisher: PennWell Corporation
  • Publication date: 3/31/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 724
  • Sales rank: 114,428
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Introduction xiii

1 The Nature of Gas and Oil 1

Petroleum 1

The Chemistry of Oil and Gas 1

Crude Oil 2

Natural Gas 9

Reservoir Hydrocarbons 12

2 The Earth's Crust-Where we Find it 13

Rocks and Minerals 13

Types of Rocks 14

Structure of the Earth's Crust 20

3 Identification of Common Rocks and Minerals 25

Identification of Minerals 25

Minerals 27

Identification of Rocks 28

Rocks 29

4 Geological Time 33

Absolute Age Dating 33

Relative Age Dating 36

The Geologic Time Scale 42

Earth History 43

5 Deformation of Sedimentary Rocks 47

Weathering, Erosion, and Unconformities 47

Anticlines and Synclines 53

Domes 56

Homoclines 56

Fractures 58

6 Ocean Environment and Plate Tectonics 67

Continental Margins 67

Deep Water 72

Ocean Sediments 73

Earth's Interior 73

Continental Drift 74

Seafloor Spreading 75

Plate Tectonics 79

Failed Arm Basins 81

Middle East Oil Fields 83

7 Sedimentary Rock Distribution 87

Basin Formation 87

Sedimentary Rock Facies 92

Subsurface Rock Layers 96

8 Mapping 99

Topographic Maps 99

Geologic Maps 101

Base Maps 104

Subsurface Maps 106

9 Source Rocks, Generation, Migration, and Accumulation of Petroleum 113

Source Rocks 113

Generation 114

Migration 116

Accumulation 117

Age 120

Reservoir Rocks 120

Saturation 124

10 Reservoir Rocks 125

Sandstone Reservoir Rocks 125

Dune Sandstones 126

Shoreline Sandstones 128

River Sandstones 128

Delta Sandstones 133

Granite Wash 139

Carbonate Reservoir Rocks 140

Reefs 140

Limestone Platforms 148

Karst Limestone 150

Chalk 152

Dolomite 152

Fractured Reservoirs 156

11 Petroleum Traps 159

Structural Traps 159

Stratigraphic Traps 173

Combination Traps 182

12 Petroleum Exploration-Geological and Geochemical 193

Seeps 193

Geological Techniques 196

Geochemical Techniques 206

Plays and Trends 208

13 Petroleum Exploration-Geophysical 211

Gravity and Magnetic Exploration 211

Seismic Exploration 215

14 Drilling Preliminaries 235

Land and Leasing 235

Foreign Contracts 237

Authority for Expenditure 238

Economic Analysis 239

Drilling Contracts 240

Joint Operating Agreements and Support Agreements 241

Site Preparation 242

Types of Wells 243

Government Regulations 244

Cable Tool Rigs 246

15 Drilling a Well-The Mechanics 249

Power 249

Hoisting System 251

Rotating System 254

Circulating System 266

Drilling Operations 273

Modern Rotary Drilling Rigs 275

16 Drilling Problems 279

Subsurface Conditions 279

Problems While Drilling 281

Dry Holes 289

17 Drilling Techniques 291

Vertical Well 291

Directional Drilling 293

Well Depth 302

Air and Foam Drilling 303

18 Testing a Well 305

Sample or Lithologic Log 305

Drilling-Time Log 310

Mud Log 311

Wireline Well Logs 313

Measurements-While-Drilling and Logging-While-Drilling 338

Drillstem Test 339

Repeat Formation Tester 341

19 Completing a Well 343

Casing 343

Bottom-Hole Completions 353

Expandable Casing and Liner 356

Tubing 356

Wellhead 358

Chokes 359

Surface Equipment 359

Sucker-rod Pump 361

Gas Lift 368

Electric Submersible Pump 369

Hydraulic Pump 370

Multiple Completions 370

Intelligent Wells 372

20 Surface Treatment and Storage 373

Flowlines 373

Separators 375

Gas Treatment 379

Storage and Measurement 382

Modern Lease Operations 386

21 Offshore Drilling and Completion 389

Mineral Rights 389

Offshore Drilling 390

Exploratory Drilling 392

Spudding an Offshore Exploratory Well 395

Developmental Drilling and Production 397

Subsea Work 405

Subsea Wells 405

Unstable Sea Bed 406

22 Workover 409

Equipment 409

Well Intervention on Offshore Wells 414

Preparing the Well 415

Well Problems 415

23 Reservoir Mechanics 423

Reservoir Drives 423

Maximum Efficient Rate 430

24 Petroleum Production 431

Well and Reservoir Pressures 431

Well Testing 432

Cased-Hole Logs 434

Production Logs 435

Decline Curves 435

Bypassing and Coning 437

Cycling 439

Well Stimulation 439

Disposal of Oilfield Brine and Solution Gas 443

Surface Subsidence 445

Corrosion 446

Production Maps 447

Standed Gas 448

25 Reserves 451

Recovery Factor 451

Shrinkage Factor and Formation Volume Factor 452

Reserve Calculations 454

Types of Reserves 458

26 Improved Oil Recovery 459

Waterflood 459

Enhanced Oil Recovery 462

Efficiency 468

Unitization 468

Plug and Abandon 468

27 Unconventional Oil and Gas 471

Tight Formations 471

Coal Bed or Coal Seam Gas 478

Oil Shales 480

Tar Sands 481

Gas Hydrates 483

Glossary 485

Figure References 655

Unit Conversions 661

Oil and Gas Records 663

Index 667

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted July 5, 2012

    Highly recommend for anyone in the energy industry

    This is a clear and concise description of the energy business. It starts with geology and works its way through the process chain to the end user. Anyone in the energy industry will benefit from its wide scope and subject matter. As an engineer and manager I have much useful information outside my area of expertise. It should be on your library shelf.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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