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Oil and gas have been produced from North Sea reservoirs for over two decades. The economic and technological challenges posed by the North Sea have necessitated a continuing development of refined geological and reservoir technical methods for reservoir evaluation and management. This book, which is the third in a series, brings together the specialists involved in this development in an attempt to summarize current knowledge of North Sea reservoirs and the techniques used to analyse their geological and fluid dynamic properties. Particular emphasis is placed on the interdependence of the disciplines involved in reservoir development and on synergistic approaches to reservoir research.
Topics covered in this volume include detailed reviews of North Sea reservoirs, improved seismic methods for reservoir description, geological reservoir heterogeneity with special emphasis on fault modelling fluid—rock interactions and the near-well environment, geostatistical methods and reservoir simulation.
Introduction; J.O. Aasen. 1: The Heidrun Field; P.D. Hemmens, A. Hole, B.E. Reid, P.R.L. Leach, W.R. Landrum. 2: Valhall Field, Norway - the first ten years; N. Ali, T. Alcock. 3: Character and performance of small Rotliegend gas reservoirs, central offshore Netherlands; H.W. Frikken, J.B. Stark. 4: The Veslefrikk Field; P.-Å. Pedersen, R. Hauge, E. Berg. 1. The Logger Field: geology and reservoir characterization; L.S. Goh. 2. Wavelet processing by integration of well and 3D seismic data and its application to reservoir characterization of the Heidrun Field; R.D. Allred, E. Poggiagliolmi. 3. An AVO study on North Sea data; R.M. D'Angelo. 4. The Balder Field: Refined reservoir interpretation with the aid of high resolution seismic data and seismic attribute mapping; M. Rye-Larsen. 5. The use of permanent or semi-permanent sea-bottom acoustic sensors for reservoir seismic and reservoir surveillance; K. Berteussen. 1: Geologic reservoir heterogeneity databases and their application to integrated reservoir description; G.W. Geehan, A.J. Pearce. 6. Determination and interpretation of fault size populations: Procedures and problems; J.J. Walsh, J. Watterson, G. Yielding. 7. A structural simulation tool for faulted sandstone reservoirs: Exploratory study using field data from Utah and the Gullfaks Field; A.G. Koestler, A.G. Milnes, T.S. Olsen, A.T. Buller. 8. Nonparametric geostatistical studies of fault parameters in the Snorre Area, North Sea; R. Sinding-Larsen, R. Wen, G. Caillet. 9. Estimation of the effects of sub-seismic sealing faults on effective permeabilities in sandstone reservoirs; A.E. Heath, J.J. Walsh, J. Watterson. 10. Impact of fault heterogeneity in fault zones on fluid flow; H. Omre, K. Sølna, N. Dahl, B. Tørudbakken. 11. The influence of natural fractures, faults and earth stresses on reservoir performance — geomechanical analysis by numerical modelling; K.J. Heffer, N.C. Last, N.C. Koutsabeloulis, H.C.M. Chan, M. Gutierrez, A. Makurat. 12. Moheres — A collection of shastic models for describing heterogeneities in clastic reservoirs; K. Tyler, A. Henriquez, A. MacDonald, T. Svanes, L. Holden, A.L. Hektoen. 13. What reservoir characterisation is required for predicting waterflood performance in a high net-to-gross fluvial environment? A.D.W. Jones, G.W. Verly, J.K. Williams. 2: Recent developments in reservoir simulation; R.E. Ewing. 14. Three-dimensional reservoir simulation based on front tracking; F. Bratvedt, K. Bratvedt, C.F. Buchholz, T. Gimse, H. Holden, L. Holden, R. Olufsen, N.H. Risebro. 15. Simulation of flow in heterogenous reservoirs — the advantages of front tracking techniques; D.T. Rian, Yue-lu You. 16. Rescaling of flow parameters using renormalization; P.R. King. 17. Scaling of the effective permeability in multifractal reservoirs; A. Saucier. 18. Simulation for planning and interpretation of a single well surfactant and tracer test; T. Bu, S.I. Aanonsen. 19. Evaluation of PVT-data from low permeability gas condensate reservoirs; J. Reffstrup, H. Olsen. 20. Gradient-driven migration in porous media: Experiments and simulations; P. Meakin, G. Wagner, V. Frette, T. Jøssang, J. Feder, A. Birovljev. 21. Some advances in NMR characterization of reservoir sandstones; P.E. Øren, H.G. Rueslåtten, T. Skjetne, A.T. Buller. 22. Wettability of reservoir rocks and the influence of organo-metallic compounds; H.G. Rueslåtten, O. Hjelmeland, O.M. Selle. 23. Heidrun long core study — An alternative approach to relative permeability determination; G. Tyberø, L. Johannessen, A.J. Bouchard. 3: Similarities and differences between wellbore stability and sand production; F.J. Santarelli. 24. Reservoir description from well test interpretation; Kuifu Du, G. Stewart. 25. The effects of combined changes in pore fluid chemistry and stress state on permeability in reservoir rocks: Preliminary results from analogue materials; I.G. Main, B.G.D. Smart, G.B. Shimmield, S.C. Elphick, B.R. Crawford, B.T. Ngwenya. 26. On changes in fabric and pore geometry due to compaction and shear deformation of weak or unconsolidated North Sea sedimentary rocks; D.N. Petley, M.E. Jones, M.J. Leddra, N.M. Kageson-Loe. 27. Sand detection using ultrasonic Doppler velocimetry; F. Nyhavn, E. Sønstebø, J. Tronvoll.