Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950 / Edition 1

Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950 / Edition 1

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by Touré F. Reed
     
 

Illuminating the class issues that shaped the racial uplift movement, Touré Reed explores the ideology and policies of the National, New York, and Chicago Urban Leagues during the first half of the twentieth century.. Reed argues that racial uplift in the Urban League reflected many of the class biases pervading contemporaneous social reform movements,

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Overview

Illuminating the class issues that shaped the racial uplift movement, Touré Reed explores the ideology and policies of the National, New York, and Chicago Urban Leagues during the first half of the twentieth century.. Reed argues that racial uplift in the Urban League reflected many of the class biases pervading contemporaneous social reform movements, resulting in an emphasis on behavioral, rather than structural, remedies to the disadvantages faced by Afro-Americans.

Reed traces the Urban League's ideology to the famed Chicago School of Sociology. The Chicago School offered Leaguers powerful scientific tools with which to foil the thrust of eugenics. However, Reed argues, concepts such as ethnic cycle and social disorganization and reorganization led the League to embrace behavioral models of uplift that reflected a deep circumspection about poor Afro-Americans and fostered a preoccupation with the needs of middle-class blacks. According to Reed, the League's reform endeavors from the migration era through World War II oscillated between projects to "adjust" or even "contain" unacculturated Afro-Americans and projects intended to enhance the status of the African American middle class. Reed's analysis complicates the mainstream account of how particular class concerns and ideological influences shaped the League's vision of group advancement as well as the consequences of its endeavors.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807832233
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
10/01/2008
Edition description:
1
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.36(w) x 10.92(h) x 0.82(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction
Chapter 1. The Ideological Origins of the Urban League
Chapter 2. Community Development and Housing, 1910-1932
Chapter 3. Vocational Training, Employment, and Job Placements, 1910-1932
Chapter 4. Labor Unions, Social Reorganization, and the Acculturation of Black Workers, 1910-1932
Chapter 5. Vocational Guidance and Organized Labor, 1933-1940
Chapter 6. Employment from the March on Washington Movement to the Pilot Placement Project, 1940-1950
Chapter 7. Housing and Neighborhood Work in the Age of the Welfare State, 1933-1950
Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index

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