Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950 / Edition 1

Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950 / Edition 1

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by Tour? F. Reed
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0807859028

ISBN-13: 9780807859025

Pub. Date: 10/01/2008

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

Illuminating the class issues that shaped the racial uplift movement, Toure Reed explores the ideology and policies of the national, New York, and Chicago Urban Leagues during the first half of the twentieth century. Reed argues that racial uplift in the Urban League reflected many of the class biases pervading contemporaneous social reform movements, resulting in

Overview

Illuminating the class issues that shaped the racial uplift movement, Toure Reed explores the ideology and policies of the national, New York, and Chicago Urban Leagues during the first half of the twentieth century. Reed argues that racial uplift in the Urban League reflected many of the class biases pervading contemporaneous social reform movements, resulting in an emphasis on behavioral, rather than structural, remedies to the disadvantages faced by Afro-Americans.

Reed traces the Urban League's ideology to the famed Chicago School of Sociology. The Chicago School offered Leaguers powerful scientific tools with which to foil the thrust of eugenics. However, Reed argues, concepts such as ethnic cycle and social disorganization and reorganization led the League to embrace behavioral models of uplift that reflected a deep circumspection about poor Afro-Americans and fostered a preoccupation with the needs of middle-class blacks. According to Reed, the League's reform endeavors from the migration era through World War II oscillated between projects to "adjust" or even "contain" unacculturated Afro-Americans and projects intended to enhance the status of the Afro-American middle class. Reed's analysis complicates the mainstream account of how particular class concerns and ideological influences shaped the League's vision of group advancement as well as the consequences of its endeavors.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807859025
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
10/01/2008
Edition description:
1
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xi
Acknowledgments     xv
Abbreviations     xvii
Introduction     1
The Ideological Origins of the Urban League     11
Community Development and Housing, 1910-1932     27
Vocational Training, Employment, and Job Placements, 1910-1932     59
Labor Unions, Social Reorganization, and the Acculturation of Black Workers, 1910-1932     81
Vocational Guidance and Organized Labor during the New Deal, 1933-1940     107
Employment from the March on Washington to the Pilot Placement Project, 1940-1950     139
Housing and Neighborhood Work in the Age of the Welfare State, 1933-1950     169
Conclusion     191
Notes     197
Bibliography     235
Index     245

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