Not Condemned To Repetition / Edition 2

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Through the fall of Anastasio Somoza, the rise of the Sandinistas, and the contra war, the United States and Nicaragua seemed destined to repeat the mistakes made by the U.S. and Cuba forty years before. The 1990 election in Nicaragua broke the pattern. Robert Pastor was a major US policymaker in the critical period leading up to and following the Sandinista Revolution of 1979. A decade later after writing the first edition of this book, he organized the International Mission led by Jimmy Carter that mediated the first free election in Nicaragua’s history. From his unique vantage point, and utilizing a wealth of original material from classified government documents and from personal interviews with U.S. and Nicaraguan leaders, Pastor shows how Nicaragua and the United States were prisoners of a tragic history and how they finally escaped. This revised and updated edition covers the events of the democratic transition, and it extracts the lessons to be learned from the past.
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Editorial Reviews

A valuable account.
Jimmy Carter
Robert Pastor is uniquely qualified to write a definitive book about the relationship between Nicaragua and the United States.
New York Times
Pastor's discussion of the Carter Administration (policy)… is rich in detail, contains much new information, and vividly conveys the uncertainties and complexities of the issues.
Atlanta Journal-Constitution
(Pastor) does an excellent job of demonstrating how and why the United States has been ‘condemned to repetition' in its behavior toward Latin America.
Shirley Christian
Straightforward and honest.
Wall Street Journal
There is… much here that will interest anyone who has ever wondered how our foreign policy is really made.
Richard Millett
By far the best study to date on the early years of the Sandinista revolution.
Foreign Affairs
A meticulously documented story….this balanced…examination of what went wrong…offer(s) advice on how to avoid another such failure.
Times Literary Supplement
The Carter administration is notable for the wealth of material that its highest officials have already published, but Pastor's account stands out.
Washington Post Book World
Condemned to Repetition is the first extensive insider's account of U.S. policy-making toward Nicaragua during the crucial four-year period that began in 1977.
William J. Williams
Very good: detailed, dramatic, and well-written… Pastor has mined the sources… Diplomatic historians can use it well.” Robert Schulziner, Diplomatic History REVIEW: “Should be read universally. It is a significant contribution to our understanding of a complicated and essential phase of our foreign policy.
Review of Defense Literature
Pastor's book provides a unique look inside the U.S. policymaking process. Written clearly and economically, it also explores the fascinating twists…in Nicaragua's history.
Kenneth E. Sharpe
This book is essential reading on U.S. policy making toward Nicaragua in the Carter and Reagan years.
Herald Munoz
A clear, well-written, and fascinating account of the evolution of U.S. policy towards Nicaragua… required reading.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813338101
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/2001
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 380
  • Product dimensions: 0.85 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert A. Pastor is the Vice President of International Affairs at American University. He has served as the Goodrich C. White Professor of Political Science at Emory University, and he is the former director of Latin American and Caribbean Affairs, National Security Council. Dr. Pastor was a Visiting Professor at Harvard University and from 1985-98, he was Fellow and Founding Director of the Latin American and Caribbean Program and the Democracy project at the Carter Center.
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Pt. I Setting the Stage 1
1 Declining Dictators, Rising Revolutions 3
2 A Fractured History 14
3 Roads to Revolution 28
Pt. II The Succession Crisis, 1977-1979 39
4 Human Rights and Nicaraguan Wrongs 41
5 To Mediate or Not to Mediate: The Policy Question 62
6 The (First) Mediation 82
7 Marching to Different Drummers 99
8 The Reluctant Arbiter 114
9 Denouement 136
Pt. III Relating to the Revolution 155
10 Carter: Mutual Respect and Suspicion 157
11 Carter: Mutual Temptations 175
12 Reagan: Mutual Resentment 189
13 Reagan: Mutual Obsessions 201
Pt. IV The Democratic Transition and Nicaragua's Lessons 215
14 The Central American Initiative 217
15 The Second Mediation: Defining the Rules for a Free Election 230
16 The Transfer 258
17 Lessons from Three Challenges: Succession, Revolution, and Democracy 287
Notes 307
Index 339
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