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Immigration is one of the driving forces behind social change in the United States, continually reshaping the way Americans think about race and ethnicity. How have various racial and ethnic groups—including immigrants from around the globe, indigenous racial minorities, and African Americans—related to each other both historically and today? How have these groups been formed and transformed in the context of the continuous influx of new arrivals to this country? In Not Just Black and White, editors Nancy Foner and George M. Fredrickson bring together a distinguished group of social scientists and historians to consider the relationship between immigration and the ways in which concepts of race and ethnicity have evolved in the United States from the end of the nineteenth century to the present.
Not Just Black and White opens with an examination of historical and theoretical perspectives on race and ethnicity. The late John Higham, in the last scholarly contribution of his distinguished career, defines ethnicity broadly as a sense of community based on shared historical memories, using this concept to shed new light on the main contours of American history. The volume also considers the shifting role of state policy with regard to the construction of race and ethnicity. Former U.S. census director Kenneth Prewitt provides a definitive account of how racial and ethnic classifications in the census developed over time and how they operate today. Other contributors address the concept of panethnicity in relation to whites, Latinos, and Asian Americans, and explore socioeconomic trends that have affected, and continue to affect, the development of ethno-racial identities and relations. Joel Perlmann and Mary Waters offer a revealing comparison of patterns of intermarriage among ethnic groups in the early twentieth century and those today. The book concludes with a look at the nature of intergroup relations, both past and present, with special emphasis on how America’s principal non-immigrant minority—African Americans—fits into this mosaic.
With its attention to contemporary and historical scholarship, Not Just Black and White provides a wealth of new insights about immigration, race, and ethnicity that are fundamental to our understanding of how American society has developed thus far, and what it may look like in the future.
|Introduction : immigration, race, and ethnicity in the United States : social constructions and social relations in historical and contemporary perspective||1|
|Ch. 1||Conceptual confusions and divides : race, ethnicity, and the study of immigration||23|
|Ch. 2||Ethnicity : an American genealogy||42|
|Ch. 3||The amplitude of ethnic history : an American story||61|
|Ch. 4||The great migration, African Americans, and immigrants in the industrial city||82|
|Ch. 5||Immigration and the social construction of otherness : "underclass" stigma and intergroup relations||100|
|Ch. 6||American gatekeeping : race and immigration law in the twentieth century||119|
|Ch. 7||The census counts, the census classifies||145|
|Ch. 8||Making new immigrants "inbetween" : Irish hosts and white panethnicity, 1890 to 1930||167|
|Ch. 9||The formation of Latino and Latina panethnic identities||197|
|Ch. 10||Asian American panethnicity : contemporary national and transnational possibilities||217|
|Ch. 11||Old and new landscapes of diversity : the residential patterns of immigrant minorities||237|
|Ch. 12||Intermarriage then and now : race, generation, and the changing meaning of marriage||262|
|Ch. 13||Race, assimilation, and "second generations," past and present||278|
|Ch. 14||The Black-Asian conflict?||301|
|Ch. 15||Immigrant entrepreneurs and customers throughout the twentieth century||315|
|Ch. 16||Straddling the color line : the legal construction of Hispanic identity in Texas||341|
|Ch. 17||Black and brown in Compton : demographic change, suburban decline, and intergroup relations in a South Central Los Angeles community, 1950 to 2000||358|