A Novel Approach To Politics: Introducing Political Science Through Books, Movies, and Popular Culture / Edition 1

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More About This Textbook

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781568028293
  • Publisher: Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/1/2006
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 330
  • Product dimensions: 6.75 (w) x 9.26 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface     xv
Introduction     xviii
Introducing the Ancient Debate: The Ideal versus the Real     1
Your Own Private Idaho     4
Fiction as a Tool for Exploring Politics     6
What Is Politics?     8
What Is Political Science?     13
Key Terms     16
Chapter Summary     17
Study Questions and Exercises     17
Web Sites to Explore     17
Utopias, Theories, and Ideologies: Perfect Worlds and the Imperfections of Reality     18
Utopias in Fiction and Politics     19
The Subjectivity of Perfection     19
Utopias as Social Statement     21
Utopias in Practical Use     23
Theorists and Theories of Politics     24
The Top Seven Dead White Male Political Theorists     25
Plato-Commencing the Debate     26
Aristotle-The Rebellious Student     27
Machiavelli-The Reality of Power     29
Hobbes-The Purpose of Government     30
Locke-Civil Society     31
Rousseau-Why Can't We Be Friends?     32
Marx-You Will Wait!     33
Non-Western Political Theory     34
Ideologies     35
Distinguishing Ideologies from Theories     36
Classifying Ideologies     37
Key Terms     45
Chapter Summary     45
Study Questions and Exercises     45
Web Sites to Explore     46
Why Government? Security, Anarchy, and Some Basic Group Dynamics     47
A Model for the Emergence of Cooperation: Bobsville     48
Collective Action     49
Security     50
Power     51
Anarchy     54
Anarchy and Power     54
An Impetus for Government     56
The Context of Hierarchy     58
Alliances     59
Groups and Group Identities     62
Group Identities     62
Conflict between Groups     64
Leadership Interests     66
Key Terms     68
Chapter Summary     68
Study Questions and Exercises     69
Web Sites to Explore     69
Governing Society: Controlling the Behavior of Individuals     70
Leadership Benefits     71
The Panopticon     73
Collective Action, Revolution, and the Use of Force     76
Atomization      76
Limits on Forceful Control     82
Legitimacy and Government Control     83
Got to Give the People What They Want: Elections and Public Goods     84
Balancing Force and Legitimacy     86
Legitimacy and Conflict within Groups     87
Conflict as a Source of Legitimacy     90
Key Terms     91
Chapter Summary     91
Study Questions and Exercises     92
Web Sites to Explore     92
Government's Role in the Ecomony: The Offer You Can't Refuse     93
The Tragedy of the Commons     96
Grazing Sheep and the Temptation to Cheat     96
The Stag Hunt and Social Choice     98
From Farming to Fishing     100
Escaping the Tragedy of the Commons     102
Karl Marx-Student of Capitalism?     103
The Adolescence of Capitalism     104
Competition as the Driving Force in Capitalism     106
The Pool of Labor as a Common Resource     111
I Thought You Said There'd Be a Revolution?     113
Socialism     113
The Yin and Yang of Capitalism and Socialism     115
Key Terms     117
Chapter Summary     117
Study Questions and Exercises     118
Web Sites to Explore     118
Structures and Institutions: This Old House of Commons     119
Structures or Institutions?     121
Human Nature and Political Institutions     122
The Reality of Political Institutions     123
Context, Evolution, and the Unbearable Weight of History     124
Failed Institutions     127
Too Legit to Quit: Legitimacy, Information, and Human Nature     127
SimGovernment     129
Choose a Terrain     129
Choose a Basic Form     131
Connect Your Government     134
Build Your Institutions     139
Key Terms     140
Chapter Summary     140
Study Questions and Exercises     141
Web Sites to Explore     141
Institutions: Meat and Potatoes     143
Hello, Mr Smith     145
Idealism Wins the Day     145
Sorry, Reality Just Will Not Get Out of the Way     147
Comparing Parliamentary and Presidential Systems     149
Si, El Presidente     149
Yes, Minister     150
Legislatures     151
Lawmaking     151
Legislators as Representatives     152
Geographic Districts or Proportional Representation     153
Delegate or Trustee     154
Checking     155
Legitimating     156
Education     157
Executives     157
Head of State     158
Head of Government     159
The Bureaucracy     161
Do We Really Want Bureaucracies?     162
The Ideals of Bureaucratic Government     163
Policymaking versus Administration     165
Bureaucratic Roles     166
Key Terms     167
Chapter Summary     167
Study Questions and Exercises     168
Web Sites to Explore     168
The Imperfections of Political Institutions: Bugs in the Machine     169
Parliamentary versus Presidential Systems     170
Gridlock     171
Parliaments and Instability     173
Districts and Proportions: Not So Democratic Representation     175
Coalitions and Minority Governments     176
District Elections     179
Bureaucracy, It Goes to Eleven     183
Rules and Hierarchy versus Adaptation, Responsiveness, and Democracy     185
The Iron Triangle     186
Agency Theory and the Responsive Bureaucracy     188
The Cockroach Theory of Bureaucracy     190
It May Not Be Perfect, but It Still Works     192
Key Terms     193
Chapter Summary     193
Study Questions and Exercises     193
Web Sites to Explore     194
Courts and Law: Politics behind the Gavel     195
Law and Politics     198
Law on the Books versus Law in Action     199
Symbols     200
The Functions of Courts     201
Dispute Resolution     202
Policymaking     202
Monitoring Government     204
Trial and Appellate Courts     206
Legal Systems     207
The Civil Law System     207
Common Law     208
Religious Law     209
Jurisprudence     210
Natural Law     210
Positivist Jurisprudence     211
Realist Jurisprudence     212
Types of Law     213
Private Law versus Public Law     213
Criminal Law versus Civil Law     214
Federal Law versus State Law     215
International Law      216
Constitutional Review     216
Key Terms     218
Chapter Summary     219
Study Questions and Exercises     219
Web Sites to Explore     219
Not Quite Right, but Still Good: The Democratic Ideal in Modern Politics     221
Arrow's Theorem     222
Democracy and the Liberal Ideal     227
Direct Democracy     229
Representative Democracy     234
An Economic Theory of Democracy     236
Winner Take All     237
Winner Takes Their Share     241
The Real versus the Ideal, Again     245
Key Terms     246
Chapter Summary     246
Study Questions and Exercises     247
Web Sites to Explore     248
Media, Politics, and Government: Talking Heads Are Better than None     249
The Whole China Charade     250
Your New Brain and the Creation of Reality     252
News Media and Politics     254
The Business of the News     256
The Political Soap Opera     258
Will He Bring Balance to the Force?     262
Elite Dominance of the Sources of News     263
A Vast Conspiracy?      264
The Mutual Exploitation Model     266
Of Cockroaches and Politicians     268
Protest and the Disadvantaged Voice     270
Understanding the Distortions Is the Key     272
Key Terms     273
Chapter Summary     273
Study Questions and Exercises     274
Web Sites to Explore     274
International Politics: Apocalypse Now and Then     275
Causes of War     277
Back to Anarchy     278
World War I Was Unpleasant     279
The Horror, the Horror     279
All Quiet on the Western Front?     281
Realism and War     282
Opportunity     284
Fear This     285
Balancing and Bandwagoning     287
Challenging the Realist Paradigm     289
The Not So Black Box     290
Why Kant Democracies Fight?     291
The Shadow of the Hegemon     292
It's the Economy, Stupid: World Systems Theory and Anti-Globalization Sentiment     296
Dude, Think about the Fish     302
Constructivism     304
Roaring Mice and Vacation Hotspots     305
Key Terms     306
Chapter Summary      306
Study Questions and Exercises     306
Web Sites to Explore     307
Political Culture: Sex and Agriculture, Getting Rucked Explains It All     308
Political Culture     309
Consequences of Culture     310
If Not Culture?     311
Culture as Explanation     312
Applying Political Culture     314
A Thousand Miles to Nowhere: Isolation and Foreign Policy     315
Culture and Social Distance     318
Culture as Politics     319
The Sound of Black     320
Cultural Ownership     323
Back to the Question of "What Is Culture?"     324
Key Terms     326
Chapter Summary     326
Study Questions and Exercises     327
Web Sites to Explore     327
Birth, School, Work, Death: Your Moment of Zen     328
Here's Where the Story Ends     329
Like the Weather     330
Fiction Appendix     331
A Strategic Approach to Writing for the Classroom     345
Notes     352
Glossary     358
Index     367
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