Novel Approaches for Bioremediation of Organic Pollution

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This volume presents an updated description of the current trends of research on bioremediation in the various aspects of catabolic pathways and specific enzymes, genetic design of engineered degradative microorganisms, bioaccessibility and bioavailability of substrates and nutrients and process development and field studies.
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Editorial Reviews

Describes current trends of research on bioremediation in the various aspects of catabolic pathways and specific enzymes, the genetic design of engineered degradative microorganisms, the bioaccessibility and bioavailability of substrates and nutrients, process development, and field studies. Such techniques are becoming more important as industry is releasing every larger quantities of organic pollutants and the spectrum of xenobiotics released to the biosphere is increasing. Among the 28 topics are the microbial transformation of the chiral pollutants mecoprop and dichlorprop, indications for a novel pathway in bacterial fluranthene degradation, active biological containment for bioremediation in the rhizophere, biotic and abiotic factors involved in the bioavailability of pollutants, and bioaugmentation using repeated inoculations of xenobiotic- degrading bacteria. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780306461026
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
  • Publication date: 3/31/1999
  • Pages: 332
  • Product dimensions: 0.75 (w) x 7.00 (h) x 10.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Microbial Breakdown of Persistent Organic Pollutants: Pathways and Enzymes. 1. Chemical Studies of Carbon Tetrachloride Transformation by Pseudomonas Stutzeri Strain KC; T.A. Lewis, R.L. Crawford. 2. Microbial Transformation of Chiral Pollutants Mecoprop and Dichlorprop; H.-P.E. Kohler, et al. 3. The Use of Fungal Laccase for Oxidation of Phosphorothiolates; G. Amitai, et al. 4. MSA Monooxygenase: An Enzyme from Terrestrial and Marine Bacteria which Degrades the Natural Sulfonate Methanesulfonate; W. Reichenbecher, et al. 5. Bacterial Fluoranthene Degradation: Indication for a Novel Degradation Pathway; K. Rehmann, et al. 6. Strategies for the Aerobic Biodegradation of Dinitrotoluenes; S.F. Nishino, J.C. Spain. 7. The Degradation of Nitrate Ester Explosives and TNT by Enterobacter cloacae PB2; C.E. French, et al. 8. Cross Induction of 4-Nitrobenzoate and 4-Aminobenzoate Degradation by Burkholderia cepacia Strain PB4; C.M. Peres, et al. 9. Mineralization of Azo Dyes Under Integrated Anaerobic/Aerobic Conditions; N.C.G. Tan, et al. Genetic Design of Engineered Degradative Microorganisms. 1. Microbial Enzymes in Biodegradation; L.P. Wackett. 2. Engineering Hydrolases for the Conversion of Halogenated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons and Epoxides; D.B. Janssen, et al. 3. Ferredoxin-Mediated Reactivation of Catechol Dioxygenase Improves Aromatic Ring Cleavage in Pseudomonads; Y. Jouanneau, et al. 4. Directed Evolution of a Bacterial Pesticides Degrading Enzyme; Y. Flashner, et al. 5. Prokaryotic Whole-Cell Living Bioreporters Expressing Bioluminescence upon the Presence of Bioavailable Concentrations of Specific Pollutants: An Overview; M.C.M. Jaspers, et al. 6. Active Biological Containment for Bioremediation in the Rhizosphere; C. Ramos, et al. Bioaccessibility - Microbial Colonization and Availability of Substrates and Nutrients. 1. Bioremediation of High Molecular Weight PAHs. Application of Techniques in Bioaugmentation and Bioavailability Enhancement; P.H. Pritchard, et al. 2. Role of Acinetobacter Bioemulsans in Petroleum Degradation; E. Rosenberg, et al. 3. Bacterial Monitoring of a Crude Oil-Contaminated Soil Undergoing Laboratory-Scale Bioremediation; P. Wattiau, et al. 4. Bioavailability of 1,2,3,4-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) for Dechlorination by an Anaerobic Microbial Consortium, in the Presence of Dissolved Organic Carbon: Preliminary Results; M. Toussaint, et al. 5. Biotic and Abiotic Factors Involved in Bioavailability of Pollutants ; Y. Henis. 6. Biodegradation of Organic Pollution Involving Soil Iron (III) Solubilized by Bacterial Siderophores as an Electron Acceptor: Possibilities and Perspectives; A.A. Kamenev, et al. 7. 13C/12C Stable Isotope Fractionation of Toluene by Anaerobic Degradation. A New Method to Monitor Biological Degradation In Situ; R.U. Meckenstock, et al. 8. Biodegradation of Atrazine in Contaminated Sub-Soil and Wastewater by Whole Cells of Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP and by the Enzyme Atrazine Chlorohydrolase; R.T. Mandelbaum, et al. Process Development and Field Studies. 1. Field Application of a Genetically Engineered Microorganism for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Bioremediation Process Monitoring and Control; G.S. Sayler, et al. 2. Biostabilization Technology for Treating PAH- and PCP-Impacted Soil to Environmentally Acceptable Endpoints: Ten-Year Field Assessment; J. Mueller, et al. 3. Bioaugmentation Using Repeated Inoculations of Xenobiotic-Degrading Bacteria; D.E. Crowley, et al. 4. Natural Attenuation of Aromatic Compounds and Heavy Metals in a Lacustrine Sand Aquifer at Villa Farm, UK; G. Williams. 5. New Membrane Reactor Concept for the Biodegradation of Recalcitrant Organic Compounds; K. Peys, et al.
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